Lesson 09 (with audio) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 09 (with audio) Deck (15):
1

halcyon

(halʹ sē ǝn)

 

adj.  calm, pleasant

The halcyon days of last month contrasted with the turbulent days of this month.

syn:  tranquil

ant:  troubled, tumultuous

2

hallow

(hălʹ ō)

 

(verb)  to make holy

(adj.)  holy

We cannot hallow this field, for the men who died here made it holy.

Many colleges refer to their class buildings as hallowed halls of learning.

syn:  bless; consecrate

ant:  desecrate

3

harbinger

(härʹ bĭn jǝr)

 

(noun)  an omen or sign

The presence of the black cat was taken as a harbinger of ill luck.

syn:  portent

 

4

harlequin

(härʹ lǝ kwǝn)

 

(noun)  a clown

One of Picasso's famous paintings, Harlequin, is a painting of an old-fashioned clown.

5

hector

(hĕkʹ tǝr)

 

(verb)  to bully; to pester

Unless you stand up to him, that bully will hector you the entire year.

syn:  browbeat

 

6

hedonism

(hēdʹ n ĭz ǝm)

 

(noun)  pursuit of pleasure, especially of the senses

John believed in hedonism, rather than self-sacrifice.

7

hegira

(hĭ jīʹ rǝ)

 

(noun)  flight, escape

During the Vietnam War, there was a hegira to Canada by people opposed to the war.

8

hermetic

(hǝr mĕtʹ ĭk)

 

(adj.)  tightly sealed

That medicine should be packed in hermetic containers.

syn:  airtight

9

heterogeneous

(hĕt ǝr ǝ jēʹ nē ǝs)

 

(adj.)  different; dissimilar

The squad of soldiers in a typical war movie is a heterogeneous group of young men from quite varied backgrounds.

syn:  diverse, varied

ant:  homogeneous, similar

10

hiatus

(hī āʹ tǝs)

 

(noun)  a pause or gap

During the summer hiatus, the cast of the television show was free to pursue other interests.

11

hoi polloi

(hoiʹloiʹ)

 

(noun)  common people; the masses

The hoi polloi loved to watch the Christians fight the lions.

12

hospice

(hŏsʹ pĭs)

 

(noun)  a shelter

The new hospice for cancer patients opened in July.

13

hubris

(hyōōʹ brĭs)

 

(noun)  excessive pride or self-confidence

The Greek warriors were known for their hubris and their fierceness in battle.

syn:  haughtiness, arrogance

ant:  humility, diffidence

14

hybrid

(hīʹ brĭd)

 

(noun)  anything of mixed origin

(adj.)  mixed, assorted

The prize-winning roses were hybrids, combining the best whites and reds.

They were hybrid roses.

 

15

idiosyncrasy

(ĭd ē ō sĭngʹ krǝ sē)

 

(noun)  a peculiar personality trait

Hiding money in tin cans was only one of the old man's idiosyncrasies.