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In which situations forensic psychology is used?

In situations before they reach court and situations following the court decision.


Which subdomains does forensic psycholohy have? And which of these are academic or applied domains?

Police psychology: applied
Investigative psychology: applied
Clinical psychology: applied
Prison psychology: applied
Biological psychology: academic
Developmental: academic
Cognitive psychology: academic
Social psychology: academic


Which influences in forensic psychology has arrised?

Changes in the law
Evolutions within general psychology
Social change
(Blame on mother)


What is the definition of "lies"?

The deliberate intention to mislead, without prior notification of the target of the lie (Ekman, 2001) or:
A succesful or unsuccesful deliberate(opzettelijk) attempt, without forewarning, to create in another a belief which the communicator considers to be untrue.


There are 3 types of lies, which ones?

Outright lies, exaggerations (overdrijvingen), subtle lying


What are the two possible errors which can accuse in lying

Stereotypical views
Cross-cultural non verbal communication errors.


What are the three processes of cues of deception of liars?

Emotional(fear, guilt, delight(genot))
Content complexity (bv think harder to produce plausible/convincing story)
Attempted behavioral control (impression management)


What are examples of cues of lying?

Non-verbal: higher pitched voice, more tense voice, more speech errors & hesitations, fewer gestures/movements
Verbal: less plausible & more ambivalent stories, more chronical order, shorter stories, les (visual, auditory, spatial, temporal) details.


Name the difficulties of detecting lies

Complexity of the task
Individual differences in the bodily processes
Clues to deceit(bedrog) = strong emotions misleading
Context of the lie varies
Clue to deceit=amount of inappropriate emotion given


What are the four stages of lie detection?

1. Observation
2. Identification
3. Interpretation
4. Determination


What 3 tools are there to detect lies?

Content based criteria analysis
The polygraph
Control question technique (CQT)
Guilty knowledge test (GKT)


What does the polygraph measure?

Blood pressure variations
Respiration rates
Sweating in the palms of the hand


What are the three phases of the polygraph process?

Phase 1: pre-test interview
Phase 2: the test
Phase 3: the post-test


In the control question technique (cqt) are 3 types of questions. Which ones?

1. Irrelevant questions
2. Critical questions
3. Control questions


What is forensic psychology?

The research that examines aspects of human behavior directly related to the legal system. The professional practice of psychology within, or in consultation with a legal system that embraces both civil and criminal law.