Flashcards in Lesson 2 Deck (14):
What are the two main goals of profiling?
1. Narrowing down the number of suspects
2. Predicting the next crime
What are the three types of offender profiling in court?
1. Motivational analysis
2. Modus operandi (the way someone is killed)
3. Linkage analysis (are two or more crimes commited by the same person by analyzing the cases)
What is an inductive argument?
It's an argument in which the conclusion is made likely by the supporting reasons of premises
What is deductive profiling?
It's a racial or logical process in which offender characteristics are a direct extension of the physical evidence.
What kind of basic assumptions of profiling are there?
Consistency assumption + specificity assumption
What is the consistency assumption?
Intraindividual behavioral variations across offenses
What is the specificity assumption?
This means that some psychologically important avariations between crimes relate to differences in the people who commit them.
What is the basic assumption of profiling?
The crime scene reflects the personality of the offender.
What is the definition of profiling?
Profiling is the process of identifying personaliy traits, behavioral tendencies, geographical location, and demographic or biological descriptors of an offender based on characteristics of the crime
Describe the four stages of a crime scene analysis.
Stage 1: Data assimilation. Bv police reports
Stage 2: Crime scene classification. Organized or disorganized?
Stage 3: Crime reconstruction.
Stage 4: Profile generation.
Describe the 5 steps in the 5-factor model of profiling
1. Interpersonal coherence
2. Significance of time and place
3. criminal characteristics
4. Criminal career
5. Forensic awareness
What is mapping?
An investigative methodology used to determine the most probable location of an offender's key anchor point, by analyzing spatial and temporal offense related data.
What is a buffer zone?
Zone where offenders not kill, because they could be recognized