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Flashcards in Lesson 1 Deck (26):
1

What is a quadrant and a cavity

Quadrant-four equal divisions on the surface of the abdominopelvic area

Cavity- a hollow space surrounded by bones or muscles

2

What is the opposite of internal

External

3

Define therapeutic

Pertaining to an action that results in improvement in the symptoms or signs of a disease

4

Define terminal

A form in which the patient can not recover

5

Define chronic

Signs and symptoms that continues for 3 months or more

6

Define infectious

Disease that is transmitted by direct or indirect contact with an infected person animal or insects caused by pathogens

7

A patient who shows no symptoms or signs is also called

Asymptomatic

8

What is the difference between degenerative and congenial disease

Degenerative- caused by the progressive destruction of cells due to disease or the aging process

Congenital- caused by an abnormality in the fetus as it develops or caused by an abnormal process that occurs during gestation or birth

9

Define ethiology

The cause or origin of a disease

10

Any change in the normal structure of function of the body is

Disease

11

Which structure can only be seen through a microscope

Cells and cellular structures

12

Define five body cavities that are continuous with each other, and the one body cavity that stands alone

Cranial cavity- contains brain, cranial nerves, and related structures
Spinal cavity- contains the spinal cord, spinal nerves, and related structures
Thoracic cavity- Stands alone, contains the trachea, esophagus, heart and related structures
Abdominal cavity- within the abdomen, surrounded by the diaphragm
Pelvic cavity- surrounded by the pelvic bones anteriorly and bialaterally

13

What are the three planes and how do they divide the body?

Frontal plane- divides the body into front and back

Sagittal plane- divides the body into right and left sides

Transverse plane- divides the body into upper and lower

14

Two of the imaginary planes that divide the body derive their names from?

Suture lines that divide the bones in the cranium

15

What is the difference between anatomy and physiology

Anatomy is the study of the structures of the human body.

Physiology is the study of the functions

16

Describe the human body in anatomical position

The body is upright, directly facing the observer, feet flat and directed forward. The upper limbs are at the body's sides with the palms facing foward

17

Define abreviations

RUQ- right upper quadrant
LUQ- left upper quadrant
LLQ- left lower quadrant
RLQ- right lower quadrant

18

What are the seven different approaches for studying the body?

Body planes and body directions, body cavities, body quadrants and regions, anatomy and physiology, microscopic and macroscopic, Body systems, medical specialties

19

How many regions of the abdominopelvia are there?

9

20

What id the difference from symptoms and signs?

Symptoms is any deviation from health that is experienced or felt by the patient and the signs is something that can be seen or detected by others

21

What is the predicted outcome of a disease called?

Prognosis

22

Know what these specialties study

Orthopedics- skeletal system
Ophthalmology- eyes
Oncology- cancer
Gastroenterology- stomach and intestines
Geriatrics- elderly

23

What is the opposite of acute?

Chronic

24

Who are physician extenders?

Nurses, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant, nurse midwifes

25

Define sequla

An abnormal condition or complication that arises because of the original disease and remains after the original disease has been resolved

26

What healthcare setting is the most frequently used setting?

Physicians