Flashcards in Lesson 1 Deck (26):
What is a quadrant and a cavity
Quadrant-four equal divisions on the surface of the abdominopelvic area
Cavity- a hollow space surrounded by bones or muscles
What is the opposite of internal
Pertaining to an action that results in improvement in the symptoms or signs of a disease
A form in which the patient can not recover
Signs and symptoms that continues for 3 months or more
Disease that is transmitted by direct or indirect contact with an infected person animal or insects caused by pathogens
A patient who shows no symptoms or signs is also called
What is the difference between degenerative and congenial disease
Degenerative- caused by the progressive destruction of cells due to disease or the aging process
Congenital- caused by an abnormality in the fetus as it develops or caused by an abnormal process that occurs during gestation or birth
The cause or origin of a disease
Any change in the normal structure of function of the body is
Which structure can only be seen through a microscope
Cells and cellular structures
Define five body cavities that are continuous with each other, and the one body cavity that stands alone
Cranial cavity- contains brain, cranial nerves, and related structures
Spinal cavity- contains the spinal cord, spinal nerves, and related structures
Thoracic cavity- Stands alone, contains the trachea, esophagus, heart and related structures
Abdominal cavity- within the abdomen, surrounded by the diaphragm
Pelvic cavity- surrounded by the pelvic bones anteriorly and bialaterally
What are the three planes and how do they divide the body?
Frontal plane- divides the body into front and back
Sagittal plane- divides the body into right and left sides
Transverse plane- divides the body into upper and lower
Two of the imaginary planes that divide the body derive their names from?
Suture lines that divide the bones in the cranium
What is the difference between anatomy and physiology
Anatomy is the study of the structures of the human body.
Physiology is the study of the functions
Describe the human body in anatomical position
The body is upright, directly facing the observer, feet flat and directed forward. The upper limbs are at the body's sides with the palms facing foward
RUQ- right upper quadrant
LUQ- left upper quadrant
LLQ- left lower quadrant
RLQ- right lower quadrant
What are the seven different approaches for studying the body?
Body planes and body directions, body cavities, body quadrants and regions, anatomy and physiology, microscopic and macroscopic, Body systems, medical specialties
How many regions of the abdominopelvia are there?
What id the difference from symptoms and signs?
Symptoms is any deviation from health that is experienced or felt by the patient and the signs is something that can be seen or detected by others
What is the predicted outcome of a disease called?
Know what these specialties study
Orthopedics- skeletal system
Gastroenterology- stomach and intestines
What is the opposite of acute?
Who are physician extenders?
Nurses, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant, nurse midwifes
An abnormal condition or complication that arises because of the original disease and remains after the original disease has been resolved