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Flashcards in Lesson 1 Deck (23)
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1

The Normans

Founded an advanced legal system and rationalized the English legal system.

2

Alfred the Great

Established a legal code beginning with the Ten Commandments.

3

The Anglo-Saxons

Had a court system based to the local shire or county.

4

The Witan

These were the Anglo-Saxon council of nobles who elected and advised kings.

5

William I

Kept the idea of Great Council by establishing the Curia Regis which developed into Parliament and the court system

6

King Henry II

Developed the king's courts and a jury system.

7

Runnymede in 1215

The barons of England forced King John to put aside his rights and apply them into writing the Magna Carta.

8

Magna Carta

The first document of the English legal system. It established trial by jury and justice for all men.

9

The Petition of Right of 1628

Was drawn by Parliament to limit the power of King Charles I.

10

The Habeas Corpus Act of 1679

Established no person could be detained in prison unless charged with a crime by court.

11

The Bill of Rights of 1689

This guaranteed civil rights, power of Parliament over the monarchy, and freedom from arbitrary government.

12

What were the Most Often Cited Books?

The Spirit of Laws, the Bible, Two Treatises on Government, and Commentaries on the Laws of England.

13

What is the Law of Nature?

The

14

King Henry VII

Didn't give Christopher Columbus financial aid

15

John Cabot

After Columbus's voyage, King Henry VII funded John Cabot to go back and discover countries then unknown to Christian people and claim them for England.

16

When was the First English Settlement Claimed?

It was made under the charter granted by King James I to Sir Thomas Gates and others in 1606.

17

Mayflower Compact

Drawn up by Pilgrims in 1620 established that order should be maintained by the will of the majority of the people and just laws should be enforced for the general good.

18

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

First written constitution in America. It established a representative government based on the consent of the governed.

19

First Two Colonies

Virginia and New England

20

Sir Edward Coke

A famous English jurist

21

House of Burgesses

The first step in state legislature. It was established in Virginia in 1619.

22

New York Governor and Peter Zenger

Zenger was arrested for printing statements about the governor. When tried, he was proven innocent because his statements were actually true.

23

New England Confederation

Formed in 1643 as a defensive alliance against hostile Indian tribes, the French, and the Dutch but it only lasted until 1684.