Lesson 1: Functional Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 1: Functional Anatomy Deck (64)
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1

______ ______ is a type of fibrous connective tissue: that separates individual muscles and muscles groups.

Muscle Fascia

2

________ are made up of long, cylinder-like fibers (muscle cells).

Myofibrils

3

_________ are proteins within myofibrils that set the actions of muscle into motion.

Myofilaments

4

Thick myofilaments are known as ________ ; thin filaments are known as ________.

Myosin, actin

5

The intersection of two bones (articulation).

Joint

6

Tough Fibrous bands of connective tissue that supports internal organs and holds bones together properly in joints.

Ligament

7

Tough Fibrous band of connective tissue that connects muscles to bones.

Tendon

8

Terms for extremely flexible joints.

Hyper-mobility (joint laxity)

9

_______ joints consist of two bones that are united by fibrous tissues and exhibit little or no movement.

Fibrous

10

_______ joints unites two or bones by means of either hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage.

Cartilaginous

11

_______ joints contain synovial fluid and allow for considerable movements between articulating bones.

Synovial

12

Name the 5 regions of the vertebral column.

Cervical vertebrae
Thoracic vertebrae
Lumbar vertebrae
Sacral Bone
Coccygeal bone

13

The cervical and lumbar regions have a ________ curvature.

Lordotic

14

The thoracic and sacral spine have ________ curvature..

Kyphotic

15

Spinal positions that retrains the three natural curves.

Neutral Spine

16

______ ______ serve as a cushion between vertebrae of the spinal column.

Intervertebral discs

17

Name 3 anatomical positions of the pelvis.

Neutral Pelvic Position
Posterior Pelvic Tilt
Anterior Pelvic Tilt

18

A _______ pelvic tilt increases the convexity (lordosis) of the lumbar spine.

Anterior

19

A _______ pelvic tilt reduces the convexity, flattening the lumbar spine.

Posterior

20

Name the 4 muscles of the Rotator Cuff.

Supraspinatus (Posterior)
Infraspinatus (Posterior)
Teres Minor (Posterior)
Subscapularis (Anterior)

21

______ Plane dissects the body down the center into side-by-side halves.

Sagittal

22

Provide an example exercise of the Sagittal Plane.

Forward Lunge

23

______ Plane dissects the body into front and back halves.

Frontal

24

Provide an example exercise of the Frontal Plane

Cable lat pull-down

25

______ Plane dissects the body into superior and inferior components. (Top/Bottom)

Cable trunk rotation

26

A reference posture used in description in which the subject stands erect with feet parallel and arms adducted and supinated, with palms facing forward.

Anatomical Position

27

The median plane of the body.

Midline

28

Crease of the axilla (underarm).

Anterior Axillary Line

29

A perpendicular line drawn downward from the apex of the axilla .

Midaxillary Line

30

Placed before or in front.

Anterior