Lesson 1 - The Hawaiian Language Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 1 - The Hawaiian Language Deck (19):
1

Origin of the Language

Branch of Polynesian language
Dialect like Samoan, Tahitian, Marquesan, Tuamotuan and Maori
Maori, Tahitian and Tuamotuan closer than Samoan
Original home likely in India
Tahiti or Raiatea likely origins for direct migration to Hawaii

2

Peculiarities of the Language

Words and syllables must end is vowels
Vowels must be between every consonants
only exception: Kristo (introduced by American missionaries)
Language rich in words for rains, winds etc.
No true diphthongs but European ae, ai, ao, au, ei, ia and ua may be so classed

3

Elision

na alii --> na 'lii (the chiefs) (thick part of comma on top)

4

guttural break

elision of 'k'
indicated by hamzah (ʻ, thick part of 'comma' at bottom)

5

Alphabet

12 Letters
A (father), E (vein), I (peep), O (own), U (book)
H (hale), K (Kate), L (laid), M (moon), N (noon), P (peak), W (always, after first syllable often as in valuable)

6

alii

chief

7

kahuna

a professional man, an expert

8

a'o

to teach

9

ao

the light, the world

10

ia

he, she, it

11

i'a

a fish

12

hali

to carry

13

auamo

to carry on the shoulder

14

ka'ika'i

to carry in the hands

15

hii

to carry in the arms

16

koi

to carry on a stick between two men

17

haawe

to carry on the back

18

Speak thou to him there.

E i ae oe iaia.

19

across

Mai kekahi aoao a i kekahi aoao ae