Flashcards in Lesson 1 - The Hawaiian Language Deck (19):
Origin of the Language
Branch of Polynesian language
Dialect like Samoan, Tahitian, Marquesan, Tuamotuan and Maori
Maori, Tahitian and Tuamotuan closer than Samoan
Original home likely in India
Tahiti or Raiatea likely origins for direct migration to Hawaii
Peculiarities of the Language
Words and syllables must end is vowels
Vowels must be between every consonants
only exception: Kristo (introduced by American missionaries)
Language rich in words for rains, winds etc.
No true diphthongs but European ae, ai, ao, au, ei, ia and ua may be so classed
na alii --> na 'lii (the chiefs) (thick part of comma on top)
elision of 'k'
indicated by hamzah (ʻ, thick part of 'comma' at bottom)
A (father), E (vein), I (peep), O (own), U (book)
H (hale), K (Kate), L (laid), M (moon), N (noon), P (peak), W (always, after first syllable often as in valuable)
a professional man, an expert
the light, the world
he, she, it
to carry on the shoulder
to carry in the hands
to carry in the arms
to carry on a stick between two men
to carry on the back
Speak thou to him there.
E i ae oe iaia.