Lesson 1.6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lesson 1.6 Deck (64):
1

An important biological principal formulated by him, he states that all cells come from other cells.

Rudolf Virchow

2

Process of cellular reproduction.

Cell division

3

The series of stages in the life of a cell.

Cell cycle

4

The longest space in the cell cycle for most cells, also known as preparatory stage.

Interphase

5

The actual cell division

Mitosis

6

Division of the cytoplasm

Cytokinesis

7

The first subphase

G1

8

What is the meaning of G in G1

Gap

9

Second subphase

S

10

Characterize mainly by DNA synthesis or application.

S (synthetic phase)

11

The identical copies of each chromosome that result from the replication.

Sister chromatids

12

These sister chromatids remain attached to each other at a point.

Centromere

13

Derived from the latin word mito means?

Threads

14

Described as dynamic continum

Mitosis

15

Equal nuclear division

Karyokinesis

16

Division of the cell body

Cytokinesis

17

The process of mitosis is designed as?

Somatic Cell Division

18

Mitosis divided into a serious of phase

Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase

19

The combination of mitosis and cytokinesis

M phase (mitotic phase)

20

Formation of mitotic Spindle.
Significant changes in both the nucleus and cytophlasm occurs.

Prophase

21

Opposite sides of the cell

Spindle poles

22

Highly condensed chromosomes and attach to the protein structure

Kinetochore

23

Alighnment of chromosomes.

As the cells enters into metaphase, the chromatids begun moving toward the center of the cell and align midway between the spindle poles, or along the spindle equator.

Metaphase

24

Movement of the Daughter Chromosomes

Anaphase

25

Each chromatid is now considered a full-fledged chromosomes

Daughter chromosome

26

Formation of two Daughter Nuclei.

It begins as soon as the daughter chromosomes reach the opposite end of the poles

Telophase

27

Division of the cytoplasm

Cytokinesis

28

In plant cells, cellulose deposits accumulate along the equator, forming a structure

Cell plate

29

The cytoplasm divides by the formation of a groove

Cleavage furrow

30

Kinds of interphase

G1, S, G2

31

Kind of mitosis

Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase

32

Phase of the cell

Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase and Anaphase andTelophase and Cytokinesis

33

Growing out of control

Cancer cells

34

The sequential events Of the cell cycle are direct, consist of specialized proteins within the self.

Cell cycle contra system

35

Abnormally growing mass of body cells

Tumor

36

If the abnormal cells remain at the original site, the lump called?

Benign tumor

37

Can spread into neighboring tissue and other parts of the body

Malignant tumor

38

The spread of cancer cells be on their original site

Metastasis

39

Three main types of cancer treatment

Slash
Burn
Poison

40

Surgery to remove a tumor

Slash

41

Radiation therapy

Burn

42

Chemotherapy

Poison

43

Each of the 23 pairs

Homologous

44

Cell that contains two complete sets of homologous pairs of chromosomes

Diploid number (2n)

45

A cell containing a single set chromosomes

Haploid cell

46

Haploid sperm cell

Man

47

Haploid egg cell

Female

48

Sexual reproduction, haploid sperm cell from the father fuses with a haploid Egg cell from the mother

Fertilization

49

It is the results in a fertilized egg, which is deploid

Zygote

50

Haploid gametes are produced by a serial types of cell division

Meiosis

51

Each chromosomes consist of two strands of sister chromatids connected at the centromere

Meiosis I

52

Chromosomes become think visible

Prophase I

53

The homologous us chromosomes are still together

Metaphase I

54

The homologous pairs of chromosomes separate from each other

Anaphase I

55

A new nuclear envelope may or may not formed during in this

Telaphase I

56

Each chromosome replicated to become two sister chromatids

Meiosis II

57

The chromosomes of all organisms contain regions

Genes

58

Is the exchange of the genes between pirs of homologous chromosomes.

Crossing over

59

Is the process by which commits a reproductive cells are formed by meotic division

Gametogenesis

60

Two types of gametogenesis

Spermatogenesis
Oogenesis

61

Sperm cell formation

Spermatogenesis

62

Ovum/ egg cell formation

Oogenesis

63

The cells whuch constitute the body or?

Soma

64

Mitosis is described as?

Dynamic continuum