Flashcards in Unit 2 Biological Molecules Part 1 Deck (42):
The 3 same type of chemical compounds
Polymers built up from building blocks or monomer.
Linking monomersvtogether the basic reactions
The reverse process
Basic unit of life
The study if structure and functioning of biologica molecules
Is the sum total of all biochemical reactions in the body
The building blocks of life:
✔️ hydrogen, carbon, oxygen and nitrogen
✔️ monosaccharides, organic bases, amino acids, fatty acids and glycerol
Rtyped of biomolecules
Most abundant molecules of lide
Is the chief carbohydrates of the body and forms the basis of cell energy metabolism
Have a wide range of biological functions in living organisms
Carbohydrates or Sugars
Carbohydrates consists of 4. What it is?
nitrogen is present as in gluosamin
Gives rise the simplest carbohydrates, glyceraldehydes and hydroxyacetone
Most common in cells
Pentose and Hexose
Include the glycosaminolgycans found in bone, cartilage...
Example of monosaccharides
Glucose and fructose
From animals, is the common substrate for respiration for energy release in cells
From fruits, sweetens fruits for attraction of animals for seed dispersal
Can condense to form polymers
Malt sugar, glucose-glucose and serves as energy source in germinating seeds
Is glucose-galactose and makes up about five percent of milk
Table sugar, extracted from sugar cane and it is the sugar found in tea, it is glucose-fructose and serves as the main transport molecules in plants
3 forms of glucose polymer
It is the main storage in plants formed by linking thousands of glucose molecules
Is formed as glycogen
It is a polymer of glucose linked by glycosidic bonds
Cannot digest cellulose
Are tetrahedral with four different groups attached to them
Carbohydrates are classified according to their molecular structure
The simplest type that tastes sweet. They are the building blocks of more complex carbohydrates molecule. Most common are glucose, glyceraldehydes and dihydroxycetone
Two monosaccharides combine to form what?
Compounds with the same molecular formula but different structure
Many simple sugars( monosaccharides) join together to form what?
It is about 15% of the protoplasm is the most abundant organic constituents of the protoplasm
Proteins contains the atom of?
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen SOMETIMES sfur, phosphorus and iodine
The building blocks of protein is
Are always contain an amini group
Some proteins act as?