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Flashcards in Liabilities Deck (8)
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1

ACCESSORY AFTER THE FACT (L)

ACCESSORY AFTER THE FACT s71(1) CA 61

7yrs if life/5 yrs if 10+/1/2 all else 

 

1.1 Knowing any person to be a party to an offence

 

  • Knowing

  • SIMESTER & BROOKBANKS: Principles of Criminal Law

  • R v CROOKS

  • R v BRIGGS

  • Person

  • Party – Section 66(1) CA61

  • Offence – 

1.2 Receives, comforts or assists that person OR Tampers with or actively suppresses any evidence

  • Receives / Comforts or Assists

OR

  • Tampers with or actively suppresses any evidence

1.3 In order to enable him to escape after arrest OR Avoid arrest or conviction

  • Enable after arrest
  • R v MANE

OR

  • Escape/Arrest/Conviction

 

2

CONSPIRACY (L)

CONSPIRACY s310(1) CA 61 - 7yrs 

1.1 Conspires

  • Conspires

  • R v MULCAHY

  • R V SANDERS

1.2 With any person

  • Person
  • Between two or more persons
  • s67 CA61
  • R V WHITE

1.3 To commit any offence

  • Offence 
  • CHURCHILL v WALTON

3

RECEIVING (L)

RECEIVING s246 CA 61 - 7yrs/1yr/3 mth 

1.1 Receives

  • Receiving - s246(3) CA61

  • Possession

  • Actual Possession 

  • WARNER v METROPOLITION POLICE COMMISSIONER

  • Constructive Possession 

  • SULLIVAN v EARL OF CAITHNESS 

  • R v DONNELLY

1.2 Any property 

  • Property - s2 CA61

  • R v LUCINSKY

1.3 Stolen OR Obtained by any other imprisonable offence

  • Stolen - s219(1) CA61

OR

  • Obtains - s217 CA61

  • An imprisonable offence 

1.4 Knowing that property to have been stolen or so obtained OR Being reckless as to whether or not the property has been stolen or so obtained

  • SIMESTER & BROOKBANKS: Principals of Criminal Law
  • R V KENNEDY 

  • Property - s2 CA61

OR 

  • Recklessness

  • R v HARNEY

  • Value of the property

4

MONEY LAUNDERING

MONEY LAUNDERING s243(2) CA61 - 7 yrs

1.1 Obtains or has in his or her possession

  • Obtain - s217 CA61

  • Possession

  • Actual Possession 

  • WARNER v METROPOLITION POLICE COMMISSIONER

  • Constructive Possession 

  • SULLIVAN V EARL OF CAITHNESS 

1.2 Any property (being property that is the proceeds of a serious offence committed by another person)

  • Property - s2 CA61

  • Serious Offence - s243(1) CA61

  • Offence

  • R v ALLISON

1.3  With intent to engage in a money laundering transaction in respect of that property

  • s243(4) CA61

  • Conceal - s243(1) CA61

  • R v WALLACE

  • R v LIAVA’A

1.4 Knowing, believing or reckless that all or part of the property are the proceeds of a serious offence

  • Guilty knowledge 

5

ATTEMPTS

ATTEMPTS s72(1) C.A.61  - 1/2 full offence

 

1.1 With intent to commit an offence

  • Intent
  • R v MOHAN
  • R v WAAKA
  • Offence – Section 2, Crimes Act 1961
  • R v DONNELLY

1.2 Does or omits an act

  • Must have made a physical Act/omission toward completion of full offence

1.3 Offence physically possibly or not

  • Completion of full offence
  • R v RING 

  • POLICE v JAY

 

1.4 Sufficiently proximate

  • Must be close to full offence

 

1.5 To full offence

  • Offence – Section 2, Crimes Act 1961

6

PARTIES TO OFFENCE (b)

PARTIES TO OFFENCE s66 (1)(b) C.A.61 - OFFENCE PENALTY 

 

1.1 Does or Omits Act

  • Does/Omits 
  • R v RAM

1.2 For purpose of aiding any person

 

  • Aids
  • LARKINS v POLICE
  • R v RUSSELL

1.3 To commit the offence

  • Offence -Section 2 Crimes Act 1961

 

 

 

7

PARTIES TO OFFENCE (c)



 

1.1 Abets

  • Abets
  • LARKINS v POLICE
  • R v RUSSELL

 

1.2 Any person

  • Person

1.3 In the commission of an offence

  • Offence -Section 2 Crimes Act 1961

 

8

PARTIES TO OFFENCE (d)

PARTIES TO OFFENCE s66 (1)(d) C.A.61 OFFENCE PENALTY

 

1.1  Incites OR Counsels OR Procures

  • Incites
  • Counsel
  • Procures
  • R v BAKER 
  • R v PATERSON

1.2 Any person

  • Person

1.3 To commit the offence

  • Offence -Section 2 Crimes Act 1961