Life During The War Flashcards Preview

Civil War > Life During The War > Flashcards

Flashcards in Life During The War Deck (15):
1

Soldiers

Most under 21
Were as young as 17, old as 50
Drilled for long hours, slept on ground

2

North

Support dwindled
Began offering money for men to enlist
1863- draft law

3

DEFINE: Copperheads

People who opposed using force to keep the south in the union
Mostly northern democrats

4

DEFINE: Draft law

Required all males 18-35 to enlist
Unless they can pay $300 or have someone stand in for them

5

What was the civil war known as?

Rich man's war but poor man's fight

6

Reaction to the draft

Immigrants believed they were being forced to end slavery, riots, New York City was the worst

7

Lincoln reacts

Suspended writ of habeas corpus
Instituted Martial law

8

DEFINE: Habeas corpus

The right to be told what you are being held for and appear before a judge

9

DEFINE: Martial law

Rule by army

10

Northern economy

Income tax in 1861
Inflation
Farm production went up
Factories benefit
Profiteers got rich by charging

11

DEFINE: Inflation What happened?

A rise in prices and a decrease in the value of money
Prices doubled
Value of money decreased
Income didn't keep up with inflation

12

DEFINE: Profiteers

Got rich off the government by charging excessive prices for goods needed to supply military

13

Southern Economy

Tax in kind
Cotton trade damaged by blockade
Income tax
Inflation
Switched: Cash crops to food crops
Needed to build factories

14

DEFINE: Income tax

Tax on a persons earnings

15

"Rich man's war, but the poor man's fight"

The rich (congress) declared war, but their family/friends could pay $300 to get out of it, but poor couldn't so they ended up fighting