Life in Nazi Germany Flashcards Preview

Nazi Germany > Life in Nazi Germany > Flashcards

Flashcards in Life in Nazi Germany Deck (35)
Loading flashcards...
1

How did the structure of education change under the Nazis?

-centralised
-genders separated
-private primary schools and confessional schools abolished
-Castles of the Order (elite schools) and Adolf Hitler schools set up

2

Who was in charge of education?

Bernhard Rust

3

What did 97% of teachers belong to in 1937?

Nationalist Socialist Teachers League

4

What % of teachers were purged?

60%

5

How were teachers viewed during the Nazi rule?

reduced respect, leads to increase in teaching vacancies

6

How did the curriculum change?

-Radicalisation: race studies and Eugenics
-PE is 15% of curriculum
-Censorship of books
-Lessons promote Nazi ideology
-Jewish children segregated schools 1942
-separate genders

7

What did boys go to outside of school?

Hitler Youth (14-18)

8

What groups did girls join outside school?

League of German Maidens (BDM)

9

What did Goebbels set up to control all arts and culture in 1933?

Reich Chamber of Culture

10

What were Nazi aims in regards to culture?

promote Nazi ideology/ indoctrination

11

How did the Nazis encourage involvement in Culture?

Strength through joy trips to the theater and art galleries

12

How did the Nazis make some forms of art unacceptable?

1937 Degenerate Art exhibition in Munich

13

What books were banned or burnt in 1933?

Jewish books
politically unacceptable books
all quiet on the western front

14

How was sporting prowess encouraged?

-1936 Berlin Olympics (89 German medals)
-Sculptors encouraged to show physically perfect Aryans

15

How were building projects used to promote Nazi ideology?

-Public buildings hung with Swastika

16

What public holidays became important?

Mothers day

17

What was the Nazi slogan towards women?

Kinder Kuche Kirche

18

Name organisations that women joined

German women's enterprise
Nationalist Socialist Womanhood (NSF)

19

How was marriage encouraged?

-marriage loans. Repayment reduced by 25% per child
-law to reduce unemployment 1933
-improved welfare services

20

How much did the marriage rate increase by?

1932-516,000
1934-740,000

21

What programme aimed to create healthy Aryan children?

Lebensborn from 1936

22

What became easier by 1938?

Divorce - encouraged if the couple were infertile

23

How were women encouraged to have children?

Bronze, Silver and gold awards
Mothers cross if you had more than 8 children

24

Why did women have to go back to work?

WW2
could still get a marriage loans if they worked
1.5 million women employed by 1939

25

When was the compulsory sterilization programme introduced?

January 1934.
Widened to allow abortion of the unfit by 1935

26

How many people were sterilised 1934-5?

400,000

27

What example of early persecution of Jews are there?

-April 1933 boycott of Jewish shops
-April 1934 Law for restoration of the civil service (excluded Jews from gov jobs)
-1935 Nuremberg laws

28

How did propaganda discriminate against Jews?

Marked them out as different and sub-human

29

What was Kristallnacht?

Burning of synagogues and shops and homes. First widespread use of violence in Germany. Over 20,000 Jews sent to concentration camps

30

How many Jews emigrated between 1933-39?

over 450,000