Lifespan Final Part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lifespan Final Part 3 Deck (26)
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1

_ training leads to _ improvements similar to _ training. _ _ leads to greater _ _ than _ training.

POWER training leads to STRENGTH improvements similar to STRENGTH TRAINING

POWER TRAINING leads to greater POWER GAINS than strength training.

2

_ describes the amount of weight during isotonic activity or the _. _ _ _ is useful in assigning the _ _.

INTENSITY describes the amount of weigh during isotonic activity or the LOAD

ONE REP MAX is useful in assigning the INTENSITY LEVEL

3

What is being described: 1 RM= Weight/ % of intensity in decimal form?

The Oddvar Holten/ Modified Oddvar Holten equation for assessing 1 RM

4

Strengthening intensity as % of 1 RM: 20-60%- for _ _ or _ training; 60-70%- low risk of _/ lower _; 70-80% low risk of injury/ _ _; 80-90% _ risk of injury/ _ _. What is percentage of 1 RM for Power training?

Strengthening intensity (1 RM):
20-60%- for FRAIL INDIVIDUALS or ENDURANCE training
60-70%- low risk of INJURY/ lower STRENGTHENING
70-80%- low risk of injury/ HIGHER STRENGTHENING
80-90%- HIGH RISK of injury/ HIGHEST STRENGHTENING

30% for POWER TRAINING

5

What is the most commonly used intensity level for strengthening?

70%

6

In a study looking at 20%, 50% and 80% of 1 RM: all 3 groups made similar gains in _; 80% 1 RM- made greater gains in _ and _ _ _; 20% 1RM made greater improvements in _.

All 3 groups made similar gains in STRENGTH

80% made greater gains in STRENGTH and HIGH INTENSITY ENDURANCE

20% made greater improvements in BALANCE

7

Multiple Rep Testing (CEEAA) for intensity at 70-80%: select amount of resistance that you think will create momentary fatigue in _ _ _, after _ to _ reps have patient stop, inquire about _ _ and _ accordingly. Should be?

Select the amount of resistance that you think will create momentary fatigue is AROUND 10 REPS; after 1 TO 2 REPS have patient stop, inquire about DIFFICULTY LEVEL and ADJUST accordingly.

Should be SOMEWHAT HARD

8

Multiple rep testing for 30-60% intensity level: select amount of resistance you think will create momentary fatigue in _ _ _, stop after _-_ _ and inquire about _ _, then adjust accordingly. Goal is to achieve momentary muscle fatigue is _ _ and _ reps.

Select amount you think will create momentary fatigue in AROUND 15 REPS, stop after 3-4 REPS and inquire about DIFFICULTY LEVEL and adjust accordingly

Goal is to achieve momentary muscle fatigue BETWEEN 12 AND 25 reps

9

Fatigue is reached when: patient _ to exercise _ _ _ _ and is unable to do so when prompted; _ deteriorates; patient must _ _to complete the full rep

Reached when:
-patient FAILS to exercise THROUGH THE FULL ROM and is unable to do so when prompted
-FORM deteriorates
-patient must SPEED UP to complete the full rep

10

Intensity progression when exercising at 70-80% 1 RM: progress intensity if patient performs more than _ _in the _ _, then increase resistance _%.

Progress intensity if patient performs more than 12 REPS IN THE PREVIOUS SESSION, then increase resistance by 5%

11

Intensity progression of 30-60%: progress resistance if patient performs more than _ _ in _ _, then increase resistance by _%

If patient performs more than 25 REPS in PREVIOUS SESSION, then increase resistance by 10%

12

Velocity of contraction- Strength: _ and _ phases are performed slowly. Intention is move as _ and _ as possible.

CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC phases are performed slowly. Intention is to move as SLOWLY AND CONTROLLED as possible.

13

Velocity of contraction- Power: concentric phase is done as _ as possible or _; eccentric phase is _ over _-_ _; intention to move quickly is _ not just _ _.

Concentric phase is done as QUICKLY as possible or EXPLOSIVELY

Eccentric phase is CONTROLLED over 2-4 SECONDS

Intention to move quickly is IMPORTANT not just MOVING QUICKLY

14

_ is described the number of sessions per day or week. Muscle needs _ _ to _ from true strengthening. Strength increases occur _ _ of _

FREQUENCY is described as the number of sessions . . .

Muscle needs 48 HOURS TO RECOVER from true strengthening

Strength increases occur DURING DAYS OF REST

15

Taafe demonstrated a frequency of _, _, and _ times per week can _ _.

Taafe demonstrated a frequency of 1, 2, and 3 times per week can INCREASE STRENGTH

16

Nakamura found _ _ in muscle strength following 1, 2, 3 sessions per week. 3X per week group improved in? (4)

Nakamura found NO DIFFERENCE in muscle strength following 1, 2, 3 sessions per week

3X per week group improved in: (E BBC)
-endurance
-balance
-body weight/ body fat
-coordination

17

The _ _ _ measures exercise capacity in patients who ar unable to or have difficulty ambulating.

The SEATED STEP TEST

18

The sit to stand tests can be performed as either _ _ _ _ or _ _ sit to stand. In the latter, anything greater than _ _ indicates a fall risk.

The sit to stand tests can be performed as either 30 SECOND CHAIR RISE TEST or 5 X SIT TO STAND test.

In the 5X sit to stand test, anything greater than 15 SECONDS indicates a fall risk.

19

The _ of _ _ test assess ability to motor plan gait around obstacles or a cured path. Use as a _/ _/ _ _ test, no norms have been established.

The FIGURE OF 8 WALKING test assess ability . . .

Uses as a PRE/ MID/ POST INTERVENTION test, no norms have been established

20

The _ _ _ test measure the multiple domains of physical function including gait and stairs. Scoring: 32-36- _ _; 25-31- _ _; 17-24 _ _; less than 17 _ to be able to _ in the _.

The MODIFIED PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE test measures multiple . . .

Scoring:
32-36= NOT FRAIL
25-31= MILDLY FRAIL
17-24= MODERATELY FRAIL
Less than 17= UNLIKELY to be able to FUNCTION in the COMMUNITY

21

_ _ _ is a cognitive screening tool used to measure mild cognitive impairment. It includes some _ _ with the drawing portion.

MONTREAL COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT is a cognitive screening. . .

It include some MOTOR PERFORMANCE with the drawing portion

22

_ and _: _ _ of _ _ (_-_) measures static balance in four standing positions: parallel, semi-tandem, tandem, and one-legged stance. Assess with eyes open and closed. Use as a _/ __/ _ _ test.

FRAILTY and INJURIES: COOPERATIVE STUDIES OF INTERVENTION TECHNIQUES (FICSIT-4) measures static balance . . .

Use as a PRE/ MID/ POST INTERVENTION TEST

23

The _ _ _ test measures the ability to step in all directions. Anything greater than _ _ is a fall risk.

The FOUR SQUARE STEP test measures . . .

Anything greater than 15 SECONDS is a fall risk

24

_ _ _ assesses walking speed over short distances as determined by the therapist (any distance is appropriate, but it is best to match to _-_ impairments and goals). Useful to determine successful ambulation in _ _.

GAIT SPEED ASSESSMENT assesses walking speed over short distances . . . (Any distance is appropriate, but it is best to match to PATIENT SPECIFIC impairments and goals.

Useful to determine successful ambulation in THE COMMUNITY

25

_ _ _ _ (_) measures balance and postural control in high functioning community dwelling elderly. A score of _ than _ is a risk for falling (long form)

FULLERTON ADVANCED BALANCE TEST measures balance and postural control . . .

A score of LESS THAN 25 is a risk for falling (long form)

26

_ _ _ measures level of depression in the geriatric population. It is a paper and pencil or verbal test only. Does not require _ _.

GERIATRIC DEPRESSION SCALE measures level of depression . . .

Does not require MOTOR PERFORMANCE