Flashcards in Lifespan Final Part 3 Deck (26)
_ training leads to _ improvements similar to _ training. _ _ leads to greater _ _ than _ training.
POWER training leads to STRENGTH improvements similar to STRENGTH TRAINING
POWER TRAINING leads to greater POWER GAINS than strength training.
_ describes the amount of weight during isotonic activity or the _. _ _ _ is useful in assigning the _ _.
INTENSITY describes the amount of weigh during isotonic activity or the LOAD
ONE REP MAX is useful in assigning the INTENSITY LEVEL
What is being described: 1 RM= Weight/ % of intensity in decimal form?
The Oddvar Holten/ Modified Oddvar Holten equation for assessing 1 RM
Strengthening intensity as % of 1 RM: 20-60%- for _ _ or _ training; 60-70%- low risk of _/ lower _; 70-80% low risk of injury/ _ _; 80-90% _ risk of injury/ _ _. What is percentage of 1 RM for Power training?
Strengthening intensity (1 RM):
20-60%- for FRAIL INDIVIDUALS or ENDURANCE training
60-70%- low risk of INJURY/ lower STRENGTHENING
70-80%- low risk of injury/ HIGHER STRENGTHENING
80-90%- HIGH RISK of injury/ HIGHEST STRENGHTENING
30% for POWER TRAINING
What is the most commonly used intensity level for strengthening?
In a study looking at 20%, 50% and 80% of 1 RM: all 3 groups made similar gains in _; 80% 1 RM- made greater gains in _ and _ _ _; 20% 1RM made greater improvements in _.
All 3 groups made similar gains in STRENGTH
80% made greater gains in STRENGTH and HIGH INTENSITY ENDURANCE
20% made greater improvements in BALANCE
Multiple Rep Testing (CEEAA) for intensity at 70-80%: select amount of resistance that you think will create momentary fatigue in _ _ _, after _ to _ reps have patient stop, inquire about _ _ and _ accordingly. Should be?
Select the amount of resistance that you think will create momentary fatigue is AROUND 10 REPS; after 1 TO 2 REPS have patient stop, inquire about DIFFICULTY LEVEL and ADJUST accordingly.
Should be SOMEWHAT HARD
Multiple rep testing for 30-60% intensity level: select amount of resistance you think will create momentary fatigue in _ _ _, stop after _-_ _ and inquire about _ _, then adjust accordingly. Goal is to achieve momentary muscle fatigue is _ _ and _ reps.
Select amount you think will create momentary fatigue in AROUND 15 REPS, stop after 3-4 REPS and inquire about DIFFICULTY LEVEL and adjust accordingly
Goal is to achieve momentary muscle fatigue BETWEEN 12 AND 25 reps
Fatigue is reached when: patient _ to exercise _ _ _ _ and is unable to do so when prompted; _ deteriorates; patient must _ _to complete the full rep
-patient FAILS to exercise THROUGH THE FULL ROM and is unable to do so when prompted
-patient must SPEED UP to complete the full rep
Intensity progression when exercising at 70-80% 1 RM: progress intensity if patient performs more than _ _in the _ _, then increase resistance _%.
Progress intensity if patient performs more than 12 REPS IN THE PREVIOUS SESSION, then increase resistance by 5%
Intensity progression of 30-60%: progress resistance if patient performs more than _ _ in _ _, then increase resistance by _%
If patient performs more than 25 REPS in PREVIOUS SESSION, then increase resistance by 10%
Velocity of contraction- Strength: _ and _ phases are performed slowly. Intention is move as _ and _ as possible.
CONCENTRIC AND ECCENTRIC phases are performed slowly. Intention is to move as SLOWLY AND CONTROLLED as possible.
Velocity of contraction- Power: concentric phase is done as _ as possible or _; eccentric phase is _ over _-_ _; intention to move quickly is _ not just _ _.
Concentric phase is done as QUICKLY as possible or EXPLOSIVELY
Eccentric phase is CONTROLLED over 2-4 SECONDS
Intention to move quickly is IMPORTANT not just MOVING QUICKLY
_ is described the number of sessions per day or week. Muscle needs _ _ to _ from true strengthening. Strength increases occur _ _ of _
FREQUENCY is described as the number of sessions . . .
Muscle needs 48 HOURS TO RECOVER from true strengthening
Strength increases occur DURING DAYS OF REST
Taafe demonstrated a frequency of _, _, and _ times per week can _ _.
Taafe demonstrated a frequency of 1, 2, and 3 times per week can INCREASE STRENGTH
Nakamura found _ _ in muscle strength following 1, 2, 3 sessions per week. 3X per week group improved in? (4)
Nakamura found NO DIFFERENCE in muscle strength following 1, 2, 3 sessions per week
3X per week group improved in: (E BBC)
-body weight/ body fat
The _ _ _ measures exercise capacity in patients who ar unable to or have difficulty ambulating.
The SEATED STEP TEST
The sit to stand tests can be performed as either _ _ _ _ or _ _ sit to stand. In the latter, anything greater than _ _ indicates a fall risk.
The sit to stand tests can be performed as either 30 SECOND CHAIR RISE TEST or 5 X SIT TO STAND test.
In the 5X sit to stand test, anything greater than 15 SECONDS indicates a fall risk.
The _ of _ _ test assess ability to motor plan gait around obstacles or a cured path. Use as a _/ _/ _ _ test, no norms have been established.
The FIGURE OF 8 WALKING test assess ability . . .
Uses as a PRE/ MID/ POST INTERVENTION test, no norms have been established
The _ _ _ test measure the multiple domains of physical function including gait and stairs. Scoring: 32-36- _ _; 25-31- _ _; 17-24 _ _; less than 17 _ to be able to _ in the _.
The MODIFIED PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE test measures multiple . . .
32-36= NOT FRAIL
25-31= MILDLY FRAIL
17-24= MODERATELY FRAIL
Less than 17= UNLIKELY to be able to FUNCTION in the COMMUNITY
_ _ _ is a cognitive screening tool used to measure mild cognitive impairment. It includes some _ _ with the drawing portion.
MONTREAL COGNITIVE ASSESSMENT is a cognitive screening. . .
It include some MOTOR PERFORMANCE with the drawing portion
_ and _: _ _ of _ _ (_-_) measures static balance in four standing positions: parallel, semi-tandem, tandem, and one-legged stance. Assess with eyes open and closed. Use as a _/ __/ _ _ test.
FRAILTY and INJURIES: COOPERATIVE STUDIES OF INTERVENTION TECHNIQUES (FICSIT-4) measures static balance . . .
Use as a PRE/ MID/ POST INTERVENTION TEST
The _ _ _ test measures the ability to step in all directions. Anything greater than _ _ is a fall risk.
The FOUR SQUARE STEP test measures . . .
Anything greater than 15 SECONDS is a fall risk
_ _ _ assesses walking speed over short distances as determined by the therapist (any distance is appropriate, but it is best to match to _-_ impairments and goals). Useful to determine successful ambulation in _ _.
GAIT SPEED ASSESSMENT assesses walking speed over short distances . . . (Any distance is appropriate, but it is best to match to PATIENT SPECIFIC impairments and goals.
Useful to determine successful ambulation in THE COMMUNITY
_ _ _ _ (_) measures balance and postural control in high functioning community dwelling elderly. A score of _ than _ is a risk for falling (long form)
FULLERTON ADVANCED BALANCE TEST measures balance and postural control . . .
A score of LESS THAN 25 is a risk for falling (long form)