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Flashcards in List_23 Deck (100):
2

sermon

考法1 n. 布道,说教: public speech usually by a member of the clergy for the purpose of giving moral guidance or uplift

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serpentine

考法1 adj. 弯曲的: winding or turning one way and another

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serrate

考法1 adj. 锯齿状的: notched or toothed on the edge

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serried

考法1 adj. 密集的: having little space between items or parts

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servile

考法1 adj. 低下的,卑屈的: meanly or cravenly submissive: abject

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severe

考法1 adj. 严厉的,要求严格的: given to exacting standards of discipline and self-restraint
考法2 adj. 难以承受的,艰难的: difficult to endure

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shackle

考法1 vt. 束缚: to deprive of freedom especially of action by means of restrictions or handicaps
考法2 v. 限制,阻碍: to create difficulty for the work or activity of

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shadow

考法1 vt. 偷偷尾随: to follow especially secretly: trail
派 shadowy 模糊的:faintly perceptible: indistinct

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shallow

考法1 adj. 浅显的,浅薄的: having or showing a lack of depth of understanding or character

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sham

考法1 n. 欺瞒: the quality of deceitfulness; empty pretense
考法2 v. 掩饰,假装: to present a false appearance of
考法3 adj. 虚假的: not genuine; fake

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shiftless

考法1 adj. 胸无大志,懒惰的: lacking in ambition or incentive: lazy

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shipshape

考法1 adj. 井然有序的: marked by meticulous order and neatness

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shirk

考法1 vi. 逃避,规避: to get or keep away from (as a responsibility) through cleverness or trickery

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shoal

考法1 adj. 浅的: having little depth ; shallow.

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shopworn

考法1 adj. 陈旧的: worn-out, as from overuse; trite

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shred

考法1 n. 少量: a small amount; a particle

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shrewd

考法1 adj. 精明的,机敏的: having or showing a practical cleverness or judgment
考法2 adj. 刺骨的,强烈的: causing intense discomfort to one's skin

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shrink

考法1 v. 在数量或价值方面变低;减小: to become reduced in amount or value; dwindle:
考法2 v. 本能性地退却(如因遇到使人惊恐的某物);退缩: to draw back instinctively, as from something alarming; recoil
考法3 v. 表示出不情愿;犹豫: to show reluctance; hesitate:

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shroud

考法1 n. 隐蔽物,可起隐藏、保护或屏护作用的某物: something that conceals, protects, or screens:
考法2 v. 将…从视线中隔离,遮蔽: to shut off from sight; screen

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shrug

考法1 v. 轻视,忽略: to dismiss as of little importance
考法2 v. 脱下(衣物等): to rid oneself of (a garment)

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shun

考法1 vt. 避开,避免: to avoid deliberately; keep away from

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sidestep

考法1 vt. (通过逃避而)不遵守: to avoid having to comply with (something) especially through cleverness

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signal

考法1 adj. (在重要性、成就方面)非同寻常的: standing above others in rank, importance, or achievement
考法2 v. 给出信号: to direct or notify by a movement or gesture

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simpleton

考法1 n. (缺乏常识的)笨蛋: a person lacking in common sense; a stupid person

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simulate

考法1 v. 假装,模仿: to have or take on the appearance, form, or sound of; imitate
考法2 v. 模拟: to create a representation or model of (a physical system or particular situation)

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sin

考法1 n. 罪恶的事: an action that is or is felt to be highly reprehensible; morally unacceptable
派 sinful adj. 罪恶的,有罪的

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sincere

考法1 adj. 真诚的,不做作的: being without hypocrisy or pretense; true

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sinecure

考法1 n. 美差: an office or position that requires little or no work and that usually provides an income

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sinew

考法1 n. 活力,力量: vigorous strength; muscular power

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singe

考法1 vt. 轻微烧焦: to burn superficially or lightly

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sinuous

考法1 adj. 蜿蜒的,迂回的: marked by a long series of irregular curves; not direct

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sip

考法1 vt. (尤指小口地)喝: to swallow in liquid form, especially in small quantities

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skeleton

考法1 n. 骨架,框架: something forming a structural framework

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skeptic

考法1 n. 怀疑者: one who instinctively or habitually doubts, questions, or disagrees with assertions or generally accepted conclusions
派 skeptical adj. 持怀疑态度的;skepticism n. 怀疑论

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skimp

考法1 adj. 缺乏的,不足的: less plentiful than what is normal, necessary, or desirable
考法2 vi. 节省花费,吝啬: to give insufficient or barely sufficient attention or effort to or funds for

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skirmish

考法1 n. 小冲突,争论: a minor or preliminary conflict or dispute

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skirt

考法1 n. 界限,边界: the line or relatively narrow space that marks the outer limit of something
考法2 vt. 绕行,避开: to go around or keep away from in order to avoid danger or discovery

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slack

考法1 adj. 松弛的: not tightly fastened, tied, or stretched
考法2 adj. 疏忽的,大意的: failing to give proper care and attention

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slake

考法1 vt. 使满足: to satisfy (a craving); quench

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slant

考法1 n. (看待问题、思考的)角度,看法: a way of looking at or thinking about something
考法2 adj. 倾斜的: running in a slanting direction
考法3 vt. 歪曲(事实等): to change so much as to create a wrong impression or alter the meaning of

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slate

考法1 vt. 列入名单,计划,安排: to put (someone or something) on a list

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slew

考法1 n. 大量,许多: a large amount or number

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slight

考法1 adj. 不重要的: deficient in weight, importance
考法2 adj. 轻微的: small in degree
考法3 vt. 轻蔑,看不起: to treat with disdain or indifference
考法4 vt. 忽略,疏忽: to fail to give proper attention to

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sling

考法1 vi. 投掷: to send through the air especially with a quick forward motion of the arm

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slippery

考法1 adj. 光滑的: causing or tending to cause something to slide or fall
考法2 adj. 隐秘的: given to acting in secret and to concealing one's intentions
考法3 adj. 意义不明确的: not precise or fixed in meaning, elusive or tricky

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slipshod

考法1 adj. 粗心的,随意的: marked by carelessness or indifference to exactness, precision, and accuracy

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sloppy

考法1 adj. 邋遢的,不整洁的: lacking neatness in dress or person
考法2 adj. 混乱的: lacking in order, neatness, and often cleanliness

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sloth

考法1 n. 怠惰,懒惰: disinclination to action or labor: indolence
派 slothful adj. 懒惰的

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slouch

考法1 n. 懒人: a lazy person
考法2 vt. 缓慢行走: to go or move slowly or reluctantly

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slovenly

考法1 adj. 邋遢的,不整洁的: lacking neatness in dress or person

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sluggard

考法1 n. 懒人: an habitually lazy person

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sluggish

考法1 adj. 缓慢的,迟缓的: markedly slow in movement, flow, or growth
考法2 adj. 迟钝的,反应慢的: slow to respond (as to stimulation or treatment)

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slumber

考法1 vt. 睡着: to be in a state of sleep

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slur

考法1 n. 耻辱: a mark of guilt or disgrace
考法2 vt. 含糊地发音: to pronounce indistinctly
考法3 v. 疏忽,忽略: to slide or slip over without due mention, consideration, or emphasis

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sly

考法1 adj. 狡猾的: clever or cunning, especially in the practice of deceit.
考法2 adj. 隐秘的,偷偷的: given to acting in secret and to concealing one's intentions

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smarmy

考法1 adj. 虚情假意的,过分恭维的: hypocritically, complacently, or effusively earnest

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smart

考法1 adj. 反应敏捷的,聪颖的: characterized by sharp quick thought
考法2 adj. 整洁的: being strikingly neat and trim in style or appearance
考法3 vi. 感到疼痛,感到痛苦: to suffer acutely, as from mental distress, wounded feelings, or remorse

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smattering

考法1 n. 浅薄的知识: superficialor piecemeal knowledge
考法2 n. 少量: a small scattered number or amount

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smirk

考法1 vi. (自鸣得意地)笑: to smile in an affected, often offensively self-satisfied manner

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smother

考法1 vt. 使窒息: to be or cause to be killed by lack of breathable air
考法2 vt. 抑制(表达、说出),压制: to refrain from openly showing or uttering

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smug

考法1 adj. 自大的,自鸣得意的: having too high an opinion of oneself
考法2 adj. 整洁的,有序的: being clean and in good order

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smuggling

考法1 n. 走私,私运: secret importation or exportation contrary to the law and especially without paying duties imposed by law

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snare

考法1 n. 无法逃脱的困境: something that catches and holds
考法2 vt. 捕捉: to capture by or as if by use of a snare

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snarl

考法1 v. 纠缠,纠结: to twist together into a usually confused mass
考法2 vi. 咆哮,怒吼: to give vent to anger in surly language

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sneer

考法1 vt. (轻蔑地)嘲笑: to speak in a scornful, contemptuous, or derisive manner

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snobbish

考法1 adj. 谄上傲下的,自大的: being or characteristic of a person who has an offensive air of superiority and tends to ignore or disdain anyone regarded as inferior

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snub

考法1 v. 轻视,不理睬: to treat with contempt or neglect

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soak

考法1 vt. 使…湿透: to make thoroughly wet or saturated by or as if by placing in liquid

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sober

考法1 adj. 严肃的: marked by seriousness, gravity, or solemnity of conduct or character
考法2 adj. 节制的: given to or marked by restraint in the satisfaction of one's appetites
考法3 adj. 有理有据的: based on sound reasoning or information

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sodden

考法1 adj. 湿透的: containing, covered with, or thoroughly penetrated by water
考法2 vt. 使…湿透: to wet thoroughly with liquid

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solace

考法1 n. 安慰: comfort in sorrow, misfortune, or distress
考法2 vt. 安慰,安抚: to comfort, cheer, or console, as in trouble or sorrow

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solder

考法1 v. 连接,联合: to join or unite

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solemnity

考法1 n. 严肃: the quality or condition of being solemn

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solicitous

考法1 adj. 为他人操心的,体谅他人的: given to or made with heedful anticipation of the needs and happiness of others
考法2 adj. 迫切的,渴望的: showing urgent desire or interest
派 solicitude n. 关切,挂念

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solid

考法1 adj. 固态的,坚固的: having a consistency that does not easily yield to pressure
考法2 adj. 有理有据的: based on sound reasoning or information
考法3 adj. 坚定的,不迟疑的: not showing weakness or uncertainty
派 solidify vt. 使固化

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soliloquy

考法1 n. (尤指自言自语的)独白: a dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener

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solitude

考法1 n. 孤独,避世: the quality or state of being alone or remote from society

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solvent

考法1 adj. 有偿付能力的: able to pay all legal debts
考法2 n. 溶剂: a substance in which another substance is dissolved, forming a solution

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somatic

考法1 adj. 肉体的: of the body, especially as distinguished from a body part, the mind, or the environment

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somber

考法1 adj. 昏暗的,无光的: so shaded as to be dark and gloomy
考法2 adj. 悲伤的,不愉快的: causing or marked by an atmosphere lacking in cheer

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somnolence

考法1 n. 瞌睡,嗜睡: the quality or state of desiring or needing sleep

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sonnet

考法1 n. 十四行诗: a 14-line verse form usually having one of several conventional rhyme schemes

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soothe

考法1 vt. 带来慰藉,安慰: to bring comfort, solace, or reassurance to
考法2 vt. 使镇静,使安心: to free from distress or disturbance
考法3 vt. 弱化,缓解: to make more bearable or less severe

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sop

考法1 n. 安慰物: something yielded to placate or soothe
考法2 n. 贿赂,回扣: something given or promised in order to improperly influence a person's conduct or decision
考法3 vt. 浸湿,湿透: to wet thoroughly

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sophism

考法1 n. 假推理,诡辩: deceptive or fallacious argumentation

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sophisticated

考法1 adj. 精明的,老于世故的: having acquired worldly knowledge or refinement; lacking natural simplicity or naiveté
考法2 adj. 复杂的: very complex or complicated
派 sophistication n. 精明;复杂

88

soporific

考法1 n. 安眠药: a drug or other substance that induces sleep
考法2 adj. 催眠的: causing or tending to cause sleep
考法3 adj. 慵懒的,困倦的: of, relating to, or marked by sleepiness or lethargy

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sordid

考法1 adj. 肮脏的,不干净的: not clean
考法2 adj. 卑鄙的: marked by baseness or grossness

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sound

考法1 adj. 牢固的,不可动摇的: marked by the ability to withstand stress without structural damage or distortion
考法2 adj. 健康的,强壮的: free from injury or disease: exhibiting normal health
考法3 adj. (逻辑上)严谨的: based on valid reasoning
派 soundness n. (逻辑上的)无疵

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sparse

考法1 adj. 稀疏的,稀少的: less plentiful than what is normal, necessary, or desirable

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spartan

考法1 adj. 简朴的,节约的: marked by simplicity, frugality, or avoidance of luxury and comfort

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spat

考法1 n. (小的)争吵: a brief petty quarrel or angry outburst

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spate

考法1 n. 突发的洪水: sudden flood
考法2 n. 大量: a large number or amount

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specific

考法1 adj. 特有的,独特的: of a particular or exact sort
考法2 adj. 明确的: so clearly expressed as to leave no doubt about the meaning

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specious

考法1 adj. 似是而非的,欺骗性的: having a false look of truth or genuineness

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speck

考法1 n. 小点,少量: a very small amount: bit

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spectator

考法1 n. 观众,目击者,旁观者: one who looks on or watches

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spectrum

考法1 n. 范围,系列: a broad sequence or range of related qualities, ideas, or activities

100

speculate

考法1 vt. 推测,揣测: to take to be true on the basis of insufficient evidence
考法2 vi. 投机倒卖: to buy or sell in expectation of profiting from market fluctuations

101

spendthrift

考法1 n. 挥霍者,败家子: a person who spends improvidently or wastefully
考法2 adj. 挥霍的,不节俭的: given to spending money freely or foolishly