Listenings Ch. 39-46 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Listenings Ch. 39-46 Deck (19)
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1

J.S. Bach Prelude and Fugue (no. 114)

Year: 1722

Genre: Prelude and fugue

Musical characteristics:

- Includes a toccata-like cadenza.

- Subject and two countersubjects

Context:

- Originally written for his son as an etude

- Binary-like form

2

J.S. Bach Brandenburg Concerto (no. 115)

Year: 1721

Genre: Concerto

Musical Characteristics:

- Nine ritornello sections

- Split into three sections with cadenza

Context:

- Technical harpsichord cadenza

- Features virtuosity in performance

3

J.S. Bach "ruft uns die stimme" movement 1 (no. 116a)

Year: 1731

Genre: Cantata

Musical characteristics:

- Chorale Fantasia

- For spiritual reflection and aestically pleasing

Context:

- For St. Thomas Church

- Tells a story of a bride and groom

4

J.S. Bach "ruft uns die stimme" movements 3 and 4 (no. 116c,d)

Year: 1731

Genre: Cantata

Musical characteristics:

- Da capo aria

- Heavy contrast and clear melody

Context:

- Uses violino piccolo 

- d: Arranged for organ

5

J.S. Bach B minor mass Crucifixus (no. 117)

Year: 1749

Genre: Mass

Musical characteristics:

- Chromatically descending ground bass

- Descending minor seconds and tritones

Context:

- Performed in Frankfurt

- Expresses grief and suffering

6

John Gay "The Beggar's Opera" (no. 119a-d)

Year: 1728

Genre: Ballad Opera

Musical characteristics:

- Contains spoken dialogue

- In english and contains simple melodies

Context:

- Extremely popular among public

- About a man who tries to balance a wife and a mistress

7

Pergolesi La serva Padrona (no. 120a,b)

Year: 1733

Genre: Opera Buffa

Musical characteristics:

- contains continuo underneath solo singers

- Spoken dialogue, solos and duets

Context:

- Originally written as an intermezzo 

- Soprano and bass lead parts

8

Rousseau "Le Devin du village (no. 121)

Year: 1752

Genre: Opera Comique

Musical characteristics:

- Contains a direct and spontaneous melody

- Duet is mostly in unison to create a unified effect

Context:

- originally an intermede

- Rousseau believed in an emphasis on melody as opposed to harmony

9

Gluck Orfeo Aria and chorus (no. 122a,b)

Year: 1762

Genre: Italian libretto

Musical Characteristics:

- Contains recitative and aria

- For two orchestras, chorus and solo singers

- Dramatic piece

Context:

- Lead role is castrato

- Similar to opera seria traditions

10

Gluck Orfeo Obbligato and Aria (no. 122c,d)

Year: 1762

Genre: Italian libretto 

Musical characteristics:

- Dramatic and driving rhythms

- Solo singers with two orchestras

Context:

- Today male lead is played by a women

- Uses castrato male lead

11

Stamitz Symphony in E flat major (no. 124)

Year: 1755

Genre: Symphony

Musical characteristics:

- Uses Mannheim style

- Energetic rhythms

Context:

- Stamitz was both a conductor and virtuosic violinist

- In a sonata-like form

12

Carl Bach Fantasia (no. 126)

Year: 1753

Genre: Fantasia

Musical characteristics:

- Wandering and unpredictable nature

- Contrasting melod gestures and phrase lengths

Context:

- Meant for creativity of the performer 

- Uses Bebung vibrato for clavichord

13

J.C. Bach Piano Sonata (no. 127)

Year: 1766

Genre: Piano Sonata

Musical characteristics:

- In galant style

- Contrasting second theme

Context:

- He was a student of C.P.E. Bach

- Clear cut sections and defined thematic functions

14

Haydn Symphony No. 6 (no. 128)

Year: 1761

Genre: Symphony 

Musical characteristics:

- Progrommatic music of the rising sun 

- Chromatically ascending line played by violins

Context:

- Written for Esterhazy family in Vienna

- One of three total symphonies written

 

15

Haydn The "Bird" Quartet (no. 129)

Year: 1781

Genre: String quartet

Musical characteristics:

- Motivic development

- Less contast between instruments, textures and dynamics than his symphonies

Context:

- Uses musical equality 

- Sounds like a conversation between four instruments

16

Haydn Surprise Symphony (no. 130)

Year: 1791

Genre: Symphony

Musical characteristics:

- Uses theme and variations form

- Fortissimo chord

Context:

- Contains a coda

- Simple melodic line

17

Haydn Symphony No. 99 (no. 131)

Year: 1794

Genre: Symphony

Musical characteristics:

- Contrast between solo and orchestra lines

- Sonata form with exposition and development

Context:

- Performed in London

- His goal was novel entertainment

18

Haydn The Creation (no. 132)

Year: 1796

Genre: Oratorio

Musical characteristics:

- Sung in German

- Chromatic descending lines in the orchestra

Context:

- Sacred piece but performed in a concert hall not church

- Two soprano, one tenor and two bass solo line with chorus and orchestra

19

J.S. Bach "In dulci jubilo" (no. 112)

Year: 1710

Genre: Chorale Prelude

Musical characteristics:

- Double canon 

- Free polyphony 

Context:

- From book of 46 preludes

- Organ music