Lit 1: Inspector Calls + Poetry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lit 1: Inspector Calls + Poetry Deck (40):

‘As if we __ __ __ __ __ like __ in a __ - __ and all __ __’

Who says this?

As if we were all mixed up together like bees in a hive - commune and all that nonsense

Mr Birling


‘If you __ __ __ __ on __ of __ __, __ __ be __ for the __’

Who says this?

If you don’t come down sharply on some of these people, they’d soon be asking for the Earth

Mr Birling


‘__ be a __ __ - __ we’re __ - and __ __ will __ __ __ __ __ I __?’

Who says this?

There’ll be a public scandal - unless we’re lucky- and who here will suffer from that more than I will?

Mr Birling


‘As if a __ of __ __ __ __ __ __!’
Who says this?

As if a girl of that sort would ever refuse money!

Mrs Birling


‘__ the __ __, I __ __ I’m __ of […] you __ __ __ to __ me __ my __.’

Who says this?

Unlike the other three, I did nothing I’m ashamed of […] you have no power to make me change my mind

Mrs Birling


‘I __ __ __ it __ the __ and __ I __ a __ __. __ it __ __ __ to her?’

Who says this?

I felt rotten about it at the time and now I feel a lot worse. Did it make much difference to her?



‘You __ to __ __. And __ you’ve __. You’re __ to __ __ in the __ __ __’
Who says this?

You began to learn something. And now you’ve stopped. You’re ready to go on in the same old way.



‘__ __ they __ __ __ __? We __ for the __ __ __’
Who says this?

Why shouldn’t they try for higher wages? We try for the best possible prices


Birling is concerned about a ‘__ __’
Who says this?

‘Public scandal’


(__): ‘And I __ the __ __ and we __ __ to __ __ - and __ __ __ -‘
Who says this?

Shouting: and I say the girls dead and we all helped to kill her - and that’s what matters -



‘__ __ now __’ [__ __ the __]
Who says this?

‘Everything’s alright now Sheila’ [holds up the ring]



‘She __ __ and __ and __-__ - and __ __. I __ at __ the __ __ __ in her __’

Who says this?

She was young and pretty and warm-hearted- and intensely grateful. I became at once the most important person in her life



‘We __ __ __. We __ __ of __ __. We __ __ for __ __’

Who says this?

We don’t live alone. We are members of one body. We are responsible for each other.



__: ‘__ I __ to __ you __ he’s an __ __ of __, and __ I __ him __ __. We __ __ __ __ up at the __ __’
__: (__) I __ __ __ ‘

Who says these?

Birling: perhaps I ought to warn you that he’s an old friend of mine, and that I see him fairly frequently. We play golf together sometimes up at the West Brumley.
Inspector (dryly) I don’t play golf


__: she __ __ __, __ almost __, __. She __ not __ __, but __, __, __’

Who says this?

She was here alone, friendless, almost penniless, desperate. She needed not only money, but advice, sympathy, friendliness

Inspector about Eva


‘__ her __ __ she __ an __, a __, __ a __’
Who says this?

Inspector says to Eric, about Eva
Used her as if she was an animal, a thing, not a person


__: __ a __ __ to __ his __ __ and __ __ __ and his __ - and - [we __ the __ __ of a __ __. __ __ to __]

Who speaks

Birling: that a man has to mind his own business and look after himself and his own - and- [we hear the sharp ring of a door bell. Birling stops to listen]


__: [__ to __ and __] __ __ at the __ of __ - the __ __ __ who __ it __? And they __ __ __ a __ -
[the __ __ __]

Birling: [pointing to Eric and Sheila] Now look at the pair of them - the famous younger generation who know it all. And they can’t even take a joke-
[the telephone rings sharply]


Give three key facts about Priestley

- He lived and fought in WWI
- During WWII broadcast a radio program that was shut down by BBC for being too critical of the government + too left wing
- In 1942 he and others set up a new political party called Common Wealth Party, also helped set up the idea of the Welfare State


When was an Inspector Calls set, when was it written. Why is this important

Set 1912, written 1945.
In 1912 there were rigid class and gender boundaries. By 1945, most of these boundaries had been pushed. This play allows priestly to encourage people to seize the opportunities the end of the war has given to build a better society.


What are nouveaux riches and what are aristocratic families?

Nouveaux riches - recently acquired wealth

Aristocratic - high class


Comment on structure of poem ‘Neutral Tones’

Narrative poem, tells story of love dying + becoming twisted
Cyclical poem, starts and ends at a bleak pond. This shows how the love and relationship has gotten the speaker nowhere. Poem is 4 stanzas of 4 lines, with every fourth line indented. Has an ABBA structure, showing the past returning to haunt the speaker and again that it is cyclical.


Comment on context of poem ‘Neutral Tones’

Written by Thomas Hardy, who was notoriously pessimistic. He and his wife were estranged for years. His wife passed away and he was unable to say goodbye, which he was very regretful over. Neutral tones was written before his wife died, but his sudden regret at her death could imply he was regretful and resentful of the distance between them as well. This could explain the speakers quite bitter attitude towards the end of the poem.

Colours not associated with love used. Second stanza focuses on conflict. Stanza 3 on death.
Natural imagery, decay in nature.
Indented lines at end of every stanza shows lack of complete resolution for speaker.
ABBA rhyme is cyclical.


How is the theme of Loss shown in the poem ‘Neutral Tones’

‘__ __ to __ __ to __’

Partner’s smile was ‘Alive enough to have strength to die’
Partner could have kept the relationship alive, but chose to kill it instead


How is the theme of Distance shown in the poem ‘Neutral Tones’

‘__ __ / __ an __ __ on a __’

Partner’s smile ‘swept thereby/ like an ominous bird on a wing’. This shows she has taken flight and left him, flying far away and moving on. Ominous emphasises how this is the end of the clear end of the relationship. Yet by the end of the poem the speaker is still at the same pond, showing how he hasn’t moved on himself, and suggesting a great distance between them


How is the theme of death shown in the poem ‘Neutral Tones’

‘The __ on __ __ __ the __ __’
‘A __ __ __ on the __ __’

There is an extended metaphor of the partner being dead but at the same time alive, shown through quotes such as ‘the smile on your mouth was the deadest thing’, the use of the superlative showing how her smile and their love physically can’t get any deader.

‘A few leaves lay on the starving sod’ the earth symbolises their relationship, the fact it is starving shows how their relationship is slowly dying due to a lack of nourishment from both partners.


How is the theme of memory shown in the poem ‘Neutral Tones’

‘Over __ __ of __ __’

Even when they were still together, partner would look at speaker as though they were looking ‘over tedious riddles of years ago’. This suggests that even when they were together the partner was looking at him as though he were something boring and long in the past, implying she knew the relationship would end for some time, as she was already viewing it as a memory

Poem is also in past tense (‘stood’, ‘were’ etc) showing the reader is looking back on memories of the relationship


How is the theme of nature shown in the poem ‘Neutral Tones’

‘__ leaves’

Nature throughout the poem is used to symbolise how cold and dull the speaker’s relationship was, as nature isn’t described using the bright, bold colours or emotive verbs often used to describe it in other poems. At the time of writing especially nature was glorified, so the description of ‘greyish leaves’ and a white sun would be particularly effective


Comment on structure and context of poem ‘Before you were mine’

It was an entirely autobiographical love poem addressed to Carol Ann Duffy’s mother.

Regular stanzas, no regular structure. Much enjambment, daughter filling in gaps of what she knows of mother’s memories, emphasises how she’s possibly romanticising them.

Colloquial dialect is used to show the familiarity between mother and child, which is appropriate to how Carol would have been raised, as she was born in 1995 where parent and child were sharing stronger bonds than ever before.
The poem begins and ends at a pavement corner, implying the mother and child’s journey hasn’t ended yet
talks about past events in present tense, nostalgic. Contrast.


How is the theme of longing shown in the poem ‘Before You Were Mine’

‘I __ the __ __’
‘__ you __ mine’

Speaker longs for how her mother was in the past, ‘I wanted the bold girl’. However in the last line of the last stanza speaker recognises that side of her mother only existed ‘before you were mine’, which could show her acceptance she won’t have what she longs for.


How is the theme of bitterness shown in the poem ‘Before You Were Mine’

‘in the __ __ the __ __’
‘The __ of me __ __’

The second stanza has a very bitter tone as the speaker looks back on how her mother was dancing ‘in the ballroom with the thousand eyes’. This description and the description of her mother’s activities that follows is glamorous and uses language that makes it seem as fun and enjoyable as possible, emphasising how much the speaker wishes she’d been there. This bitterness is emphasised by the line ‘the thought of me doesn’t occur’, as she isn’t even a thought in her mother’s mind at that time, so had no way at all of being there


How is the theme of bitterness but also familiarity and closeness shown in the poem ‘Before You Were Mine’

‘The __ __ of my __, __ __ was the __ __, __?’

The speaker says ‘the decade ahead of my loud, possessive yell was the best one, eh?’

The speaker sounds almost accusatory, as if blaming her mother for having the best time of her like before she was born, and wishing she could have been a part of it. The verbs ‘loud’ and ‘possessive’ to describe speaker’s yell makes it sound very obnoxious and irritating, which emphasises how the mother’s fun, carefree life was over when the speaker was born

However, the use of informal dialect with ‘,eh?’ emphasises the familiarity and strong bond speaker shares with mother, showing despite these bitter, envious thoughts and words, their love is stronger than the jealousy. Emphasised by fact this is an autobiographical love letter from Carol to mother.


How is the theme of fulfilment shown in the poem ‘Winter Swans’

‘The __ __ __ it __all’
‘__ and __’
‘__, __ one __’

In the beginning ‘the clouds had given it their all’, showing the couple have had a fight where they’re holding nothing back, and this has left them ‘silent and apart’. However by the last stanza their hands have ‘folded, over one another’ which shows how they’ve reunited despite the fighting. The poem describes how the couple are walking around a lake together, most likely with the intent to make up. As such, this has been fulfilled


How is the theme of nature shown in the poem ‘Winter Swans’

‘Like __ __ in __ __’

In the poem, swans are a symbol of the couple and their interactions, more so by the end. The swans are often described as acting in unity, and by the end of the poem the couple are united again. The swans are described as ‘like boats righting in rough weather’ after a storm, which is exactly how the couple are; they’re fixing their relationship after a fight


Comment on structure and context and language of poem ‘climbing my grandfather’

Andrew Waterhouse’ poetry often reflected on
family. He was an environmentalist.

The poem is personal and reflective. No stanzas, is continuous. It’s a ‘narrative verse’. First person present tense but looking back in past (reflective), personal to speaker. Free-verse. Enjambment allows for flow, fluid motion of climbing.

Grandfather could be dead or alive, is ambiguous. Semantic field of climbing. Extended metaphor of grandfather as mountain.
Warm imagery contrasts colder, harsher words ‘good heart’ ‘warm ice’


How is the theme of strong bonds shown in Climbing my grandfather

‘__ his __, __
the __ __ of his __ __’

Feeling his heat, knowing
the slow pulse of his good heart

Top of a mountain is usually cold, but his heart is warm. He truly understands grandfather and can feel this warmth. He’s content there.


How is the theme of admiration shown in climbing my grandfather

‘__ for the __’

‘Reaching for the summit’

He’s trying to get to the top of his grandfather, to truly understand him. Wants to be up three and understand, which implies admiration.

However trying to get closer to his grandfather tires the boy out, capitalising on their age gap. Either he understands him better after, or they’re too far apart for him to truly appreciate and understand


How’s the theme of getting older presented in climbing my grandfather

Uses many adjectives to describe the structures he’s climbing that connote to old aged man ‘loose skin’, ‘firm shoulder’, ‘dusty and cracked’

Show the man is old. The boy starts by climbing grandfather, a physical activity, even ‘without a rope or net’, showing youth. Yet by the end he’s ‘gasping for breath’ ‘watching the clouds’, showing he’s gotten older.


How’s theme nature shown climbing my grandfather

‘Drink among teeth’ like a river

Objectification of features into natural imagery


Comment on structure and context of winter swans

Sheers writes about places, landscapes and those who live in them. Explores everyday difficulties
Poem from collection on divorce and separation
Uses natural imagery, a common convention. Pathetic fallacy reflects condition of relationship. Swans used as a metaphor for reconciliation.
Separation vs intimacy ‘apart’ ‘halved’ vs ‘swum the distance’ ‘folded’

7 stanzas, 6 tercets (3 line stanza) + 1 couplet. Final couplet represents closure. Irregular rhythm and unrhymed lines
Enjambment represents onward movement, or lack of control, or feeling of uncertainty