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Flashcards in Literary Terms Deck (55):
1

alliteration

the repetition of initial sounds in successive or neighboring words

2

assonance

The repetition of vowel sounds.

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consonance

the repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of a word

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cacophony

harsh, non-melodic, unpleasant sounding arrangement of words

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euphony

any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds

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onomatopoeia

words that sound like what they mean

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sibilance

hissing sounds represented by s, z, sh

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allegory

a literary work in which the characters represent abstract ideas; a symbolic representation

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apostrophe

someone absent, dead, or imaginary, or an abstraction, is being addressed as if it could reply

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didactic poetry

poetry with the primary purpose of teaching or preaching

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dramatic monologue

character "speaks" through the poem; a character study

12

elegy

poem which expresses sorow over a death of someone for whom the poet cared, or on another solemn theme

13

sonnet

14 line poem, fixed rhyme scheme, fixed meter (usually 10 syllables per line)

14

connotation

what a word suggests beyond its surface definition

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denotation

basic definition or dictionary meaning of a word

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diction

choice of words for effect

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syntax

word order or grammatical appropriateness

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blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter

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caesura

a natural pause in the middle of a line, sometimes coinciding with punctuation

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couplet

two successive lines which rhyme, usually at the end of a work

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enjambment

describes a line of poetry in which the sense and grammatical construction continues on to the next line

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feminine rhyme

latter two syllables of first word rhyme with latter two syllables of second word (ceiling appealing)

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free verse

no fixed meter or rhyme

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iambic pentameter

70% of verse is written this way; ten syllables per line, following an order of unaccented-accented syllables

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internal rhyme

repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)

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masculine rhyme

final syllable of first word rhymes with final syllable of second word (scald recalled)

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meter

regularized rhythm of stressed and unstressed syllables; accents occur at approx. equal intervals of time

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refrain

repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines in a pattern

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rhyme

repetition of end sounds

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rhythm

the pattern or beat of a poem.

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stanza

group of lines

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structure

internal organization of a poem's content

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allusion

a reference to something in literature or history

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anaphora

repetition of the same word or words at the start of two or more lines

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archetype

a character or personality type found in every society

36

conceit

an extended witty, paradoxical, or startling metaphor

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hyperbole

exaggeration, overstatement

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imagery

representation through language of a sensory experience

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irony

incongruity or discrepancy between the implied and expected; verbal, dramatic, situational

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metaphor

implied or direct comparison

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metonymy

symbolism; one thing is used as a substitute for another with which it is closely identified (the White House)

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mood

the atmosphere suggested by the structure and style of the poem

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oxymoron

a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms

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pace

tempo or rate implied by the structure and style of the poem

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paradox

statement or situation containing seemingly contradictory elements

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parallelism

presents coordinating ideas in a coordinating manner

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persona

assumed speaker of the poem; typically used synonymously with 'speaker'

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personification

giving a non-human the characteristics of a human

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simile

comparison using 'like' or 'as'

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style

a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period

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symbolism

something (object, person, situation, etc.) means more than what it is

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synecdoche

symbolism; the part signifies the whole, or the whole the part (all hands on board)

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theme

the general idea or insight about life that a work of literature reveals

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tone

writer's attitude toward the audience or subject, implied or related directly

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understatement

saying less than one means, for effect