Musical Terminology Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Musical Terminology Deck (80):
1

Accent

A stress on a particular beat, note, or chord

1

Allegro

A fast tempo faster then alegretto

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Andante

a moderately slow tempo literally a walking pace

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Arpeggio

A "broken Chord" in which the tones are played one after another in a rapid succession rather then simultaneously

4

Beat

Regularly occurring pulsations that create the basic units of musical time

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crescendo

music a gradual increase in loudness

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decrescendo

gradually softer

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diminuendo

gradually softer

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Dynamics

relitive degrees in of loudness and softness

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Fermata

a notational symbol indicating that a note is to be sounded longer then its normal time value, the exact length being left to the discretion the performer

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forte

a loud dynamic level

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fortissimo

a very loud dynamic level

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Grave

a slow and solemn tempo

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largo

A very slow and broad tempo

14

Legato

linked tied indicating a smooth, even style of performance with each note connected to the next

15

lento

a slow tempo

16

measures

units of time organizations consisting of a fixed number of beats. Measures are separated from one another by vertical bar lines on the staff.

17

meter

the organization of rhythmic pulses or beats into a equal, recurring groups.

18

mezzo piano

a moderately soft dynamic level

19

minor scale

scale having a pattern of whole and half steps, with the half steps falling between the second, and third and between the sixth and seventh tones of the scale

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Moderato

moderate tempo

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pianissimo

a very soft dynamic level

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piano

a soft dynamic level

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prestissimo

a tempo that is as fast as possible

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presto

a very fast tempo

25

rubato

Robbed A term indicating that a performer may treat the tempo with a certain amount of freedom, shortening the duration of some beats and correspondingly lengthening others

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Staccato

detached indicating a style performance in which each note is played in a short crisp manner

27

Syncopation

a deliberate disturbance of the normal metrical pulse, produced by shifting the accent from a normally strong beat to a weak beat

28

Tempo

the speed at which a piece of music moves

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timbre

the characteristic tone quality of of a musical sound as produced by a certain instrument or voice, or by a combination of instruments or voice

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Unison

two notes that are the same pitch, or two or more instruments or voices producing the same pitch at the same time

31

vivace

A fast and vivacious tempo

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canon

A contrapuntal technique in which a melody in one part is strictly imitated by a voice or another voices

33

Homophony

Music in which a single melody predominates, while the other voices or instruments provide harmonic accompaniment

34

ternary

having three parts. In particular, referring to a three-part musical form with the parts represented by letters: ABA, musical form that consists of 3 sections ABA, in which the A's stay the same and the B contrasts with A

35

Cadence

A point of rest at the end of the passage , section, or a complet work that gives the music a sense of convincing conclusion, also, a melodic or harmonic progression that gives the feeling of conclusion

36

Chord progression-

A particularly distinctive series of harmonies, or chords

37

Consonance

a quality of interval , chord or harmony that imparts a sense of stability, response or finality

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Dissonance

a quality of a interval , chord or harmony that gives a sense of tension and movement

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Downbeat

the first, and often stressed beat of a metric pattern of beats

40

Harmony

a composite sound made up of two or more notes of different pitch and sound simultaneously

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Interval

the distance in pitch between any two tones

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Major scale

scale consisting of a series of whole steps except for half steps between the third and fourth and seventh and eighth degrees.

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Melody

a basic musical element consisting of a series of pitchs of particular duration that sound one after another

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Note

a symbol used to notate a pitch and its duration, note its also it also used to identify a pitch or tone

45

Octave

a tone on the eighth degree from a given tone.

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Phrase

a division of a composition, commonly a passage of four or eight measures, forming part of a period.

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Pitch

the degree of height or depth of a tone or of sound, depending upon the relative rapidity of the vibrations by which it is produced.

48

Pitch range

A value between 0 and 100. A pitch range of 0 produces a flat, monotone voice. A pitch range of 50 produces normal inflexion. Pitch ranges greater than 50 produce animated voices.

50

Quadruple meter

4 quick beats

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Quintuple

5 quick beats

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Rhythm-

the pattern of regular or irregular pulses caused in music by the occurrence of strong and weak melodic and harmonic beats.

53

Septuple

Seven quick beats

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Sextuple meter

contains six rather quick beats to the measure.

55

Staff

is a set of five horizontal lines and four spaces that each represent a different musical pitch—or, in the case of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments.

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Theme-

a principal melodic subject in a musical composition.

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Tonic

The first degree of the scale; the keynote.

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Triad

A chord of three tones, especially one consisting of a given tone with its major or minor third and its perfect, augmented, or diminished fifth.

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Triple meter

3 quick beats

60

Upbeat

an unaccented beat, especially immediately preceding a downbeat.

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Binary form

a basic musical form having two closely related sections.

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Chromatic scale

a scale progressing entirely by semitones.

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Counterpoint

the art of combining melodies.

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Form

omething that gives or determines shape

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Imitation

a counterfeit; copy.

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Key

to regulate the key or pitch of.

68

Key signature

of a piece of music is the sharps or flats listed after the clef

69

Major scale-

scale consisting of a series of whole steps except for half steps between the third and fourth and seventh and eighth degrees.

70

Minor scale

a scale having half steps between the second and third, fifth and sixth, and seventh and eighth degrees, with whole steps for the other intervals.

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Modulation

transition from one key to another.

72

Monophony

a musical style employing a single melodic

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Polyphony-

- polyphonic composition; counterpoint.

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Repetition

something made by or resulting from repeating.

75

Round

having a flat, circular surface, as a disk.

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Texture-

the characteristic visual and tactile quality of the surface of a work of art resulting from the way in which the materials are used.

77

Theme and variations

Is a musical form from resulting from the consistent application of variation techniques so that a musical theme is followed by a varying number of modified restatements each being a variation.

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Tonality

- the sum of relations, melodic and harmonic, existing between the tones of a scale or musical system.

79

Variation-

the transformation of a melody or theme with changes or elaborations in harmony, rhythm, and melody.

80

Adagio

Very slow

81

allegretto

a little lively, moderately fast