Liver development, anatomy, and histo Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Liver development, anatomy, and histo Deck (26):
1

The two afferent blood supplies to the liver. % of blood, where it arises from, what it drain/supplies

1. Hepatic artery -25% of blood
-comes off celiac trunk, supplies oxygenated blood
2. Portal vein - 75% of blood
-arises from superior mesenteric vein and splenic vein
-drains blood from digestive tract and spleen; contains all the nutrients where they can be processed

2

Efferent blood of the liver

Hepatic Vein
-to the IVC

3

The structural unit of the liver

the lobule

4

Three major definitions of lobule structure--all different ways of looking at the same structure. What does each way emphasize?

1. Classic lobule-endocrine function
2. Portal lobule-excocrine function of bile secretion
3. Liver Acinus lobule- metabolic function

5

Shapes of each type of lobule

1. Classic-hexagonal
2. Portal-triangular
3. Liver Acinus - oval/diamond

6

In the Liver Acinus type of lobule, the hepatocytes are grouped into these zones. Describe their locations

Zone 1: closest to entry point of blood into sinusoids
Zone 2: intermediate
Zone 3: closest to hepatic veins

7

In the galbladder, what two layers are not present?

-Muscularis mucosa layer of the mucosa
-submucosa

8

Development of the ventral mesentery (4)

1. lesser omentum
2. foramen of winslow
3. falciform ligament
4. bare area of the liver

9

Developmental biology of the pancreas is an example of what type of interaction?

epithelial-mesenchymal

10

In development of the pancreas, the epithelium, that is derived from the embryonic germ layer ____, gives rise to ____

endoderm: endocrine islets and exocrine acini and ducts

11

The mesenchyme, derived from germ layer ____ is required for ____ and gives rise to ____

mesoderm, for growth of epithelium, gives rise only to CT cell derivatives

12

portal triad

branch of hepatic artery and portal vein, and bile ductule

13

Hepatic artery and portal vein join and turn into ____, which drains into the _____, which drains into the _____

direction of flow:

hepatic sinusoid, central vein (terminal hepatic venule), sublobular vein

out --> in

14

The hepatic sinusoid is lined by _____

endothelium cells

15

Ito/Stellate cells

found in hepatic sinusoids/space of Disse, store lipid and Vitamin A

16

Space of Disse

what occurs here?

little space between endothelial cell of hepatic sinusoids and liver cell

-macrovilli come into this space to increase SA of liver for rapid absorption and exchange with blood in sinusoids

17

Bile Canaliculus

found in hepatocytes: conduit system to get bile out of the liver to the bile duct

bile binds to a canaliculus, goes into these little special channels, and joins up with larger channels to eventually reach the bile duct

18

During embryological development, the liver bud grows off of the GI tract and interacts with ____, which are the precursors for hepatic sinusoids of the liver

vitelline veins

19

The ductus venosus bypasses the lievr to get blood from the ____ to the _____

umbilical vein to IVC

20

A portal lobule includes portions of lobules whose ____ drain into the same bile duct

bile canaliculi

21

What are the boundaries of the portal lobule? What is the center?

central veins of three classic lobules; the center is the bile duct collecting bile from all canaliculi

22

If you injected a toxin, which zone would get sacrificed first?

1>2>3
(1 is closest to hepatic artery)

23

if you deprive the liver of oxygen, which zone will die first?

Zone 3

24

The umbilical vein becomes the ____

ligamentum teres

25

IN the division of the ventral mesentary, the lesser omentum is made up of which two ligaments?

Hepatoduodenal and hepatogastric ligament

26

betatrophin
what is it, who makes it

a new hormone discovered in 2013 that promotes beta cell replication

made by liver and adipose tissue