Flashcards in LO4 Legislation Deck (9)
What is the Data Protection Act 1998 and the eight principles of the data protection act?
The Data Protection Act (1998) was put in place by the UK Government in response to the concerns about the amount of personal data being stored on and processed by computer systems.
1: Collected lawfully and used fairly
2: Only used for the reasons specified
3: Can't be shared with others unless agreed
4: Data must be relevant and not excessive
5: Data must be accurate and up-to-date
6: Must not be kept longer than necessary
7: Data must be kept safe and secure
8: Data must not be sent outside the EU.
If an individual wishes to access their data a number of processes must take place:
The organisation's data controller must be written to and told exactly what information is required to access.
An administrative fee should be paid to the organisation.
The organization must provide the requested information within 40 days.
The individual must verify their identity using the appropriate ID.
What year is the computer misue act and the different actions it makes an offence?
The Computer Misuse act makes it an offense to:
1. Access data without permission (e.g. looking at someone else's files)
2. Access computer systems without permission (e.g. hacking)
3. Change data without permission (e.g. writing a virus that deliberately deletes data
What year is the freedom of information act and what does it allow?
It allows people to request public authorities to release information. Unless there is an appropriate reason for them not to.
What year is the Copyright, Designs & Patents Act and what does it do?
This act makes it a criminal offense to copy work that is not your own without the permission of the creator of the copyright holder.
What year is the protection of freedoms act?
It has different parts but mainly:
Part 1: State how biometric data is stored, handled and collected.
Part 2: Create new regulations for CCTV and ANPRP
Part 5: The Disclosure & Barring Service (DBS) was created to run background checks on anyone wanting to work with children or vulnerable people.
Part 6: Extends the Freedom of Information Act (2000) allowing for wider requests to be made.
What is the UNCRPD?
UNCRPD stands for the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
This is a United Nations human right that states disabled people should be able to 'access information systems'
What is Green IT
‘Green IT’ is to use computers / IT resources in an efficient and environmentally responsible way to reduce an organization’s carbon footprint and to become more eco-friendly.
The aim is to become more sustainable.
Examples of Green IT Practice.
1: Consider if it is necessary to print a document before doing so and print only what is required.
2: Switch off computers, monitors and other devices rather than leaving them on stand-by.
3: Recycle ink cartridges and paper.
4: Store documents centrally or on cloud storage instead of printing and storing on individual devices.
5: Organizations could reduce waste by recycling resources such as computers by giving them to charities or schools for reuse.