Flashcards in Local planning policy, building regulation and health and safety requirements as applied to inclusive environments Deck (23)
What are the relevant diversity and inclusion policies, e.g. non-discrimination and anti-harassment?
Equality Act (2010) which aims to:
- eliminate discrimination
- advance equality of opportunity
- foster good relations between different people when carrying out their activities
You're legally protected from discrimination by the Equality Act 2010.
Harassment is unlawful under the Equality Act 2010.
What are the UK Building Regulations?
Building regulations establish standards that must be achieved in the construction of buildings
No legal obligation to follow the guidance provided in the approved documents
What is the relevant Building Regulation for inclusivity?
Building Regulations Approved Document M – Access to and Use of buildings
What does the Building Regulations Approved Document M cover?
Ensures people = able to access and use buildings and their facilities
Sets out minimum accessibility requirements which should be met under the Building Act 1984
If you deviate from guidance and then user = subjected to substantial disadvantage from the design, the client could be forced to retrofit the scheme
Important to be aware of the risks when designing for accessibility
What was the main change that took place in 2015 to Part M of the Building Regs?
Main change in 2015 edition = to split approved document into 2 volumes;
- Volume 1; Dwellings (self-contained unit of accommodation, used by one or more households as a home).
- Volume 2; Buildings other than Dwellings
What is another relevant part of the Building Regs?
Part K - Protection from falling, collision and impact;
Siting of pedestrian guarding (all pedestrians) including on ramps and steps, walkways etc
What does Volume 1 of the Building Regulations Approved Document M cover?
Volume 1; Dwellings
Covers new dwellings and dwellings undergoing material alterations
Doesn’t cover extensions to dwellings.
What are the requirement categories of Volume 1 of the Building Regulations Approved Document M?
Category 1 – Visitable dwellings; reasonable provision for most people, including wheelchair users to access and enter dwelling, habitable rooms and sanitary facilities on the entrance level
Category 2 - Accessible and adaptable dwellings; new dwelling reasonable provision for most people to access dwelling and suitable for older people, individuals with
reduced mobility and some wheelchair users
Category 3 - New dwelling provides reasonable provision for a wheelchair user to live in dwelling and have ability to use any outdoor space, parking and communal facilities
Category 1 = compulsory for all new dwellings unless one of optional requirements Category 2 or 3 applies
What are a few examples of design requirements under Document M?
Examples of requirements:
Minimum door widths
Level entrance threshold
Toilet on entrance level
What does Volume 2 of the Building Regulations Approved Document M cover?
Volume 2; Applicable to Buildings Other than Dwellings;
1. Provision for access and use of facilities in buildings other than dwellings
2. Access to extensions to buildings other than dwellings
3. Sanitary conveniences in extensions to buildings other than dwellings
What project do you know considers Document M?
o Nine Elms Project – David Bonnett
o Review unit layouts within Plots E&F
o M4 (3) should be spread across all levels, so not clustered in one block
o Wider parking bays (TfL have provision for this in a car park).
What is the Disability Discrimination Act (DDA) (1995)?
Repealed and replaced by the Equality Act 2010, except in Northern Ireland where the Act still applies
Made it unlawful to discriminate against people with disabilities in relation to employment, provision of goods and services, education and transport.
The DDA is a civil rights law
The phrase ‘DDA Compliance’ is leftover and still used from 2005 but technically it is no longer relevant
What is a DDA Statement?
DDA Access – Access Statement
Sets out design philosophy and key design issues posed by a new development
Should be undertaken during early design stage and evolve as design = developed
Sets out design standards for accessibility
The DESIGN and Access Statement then sets out the designer’s approach to all aspects of the design, including Disabled Access, and thus should include an Access Statement.
How does the DDA define disability?
A ‘physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on a person’s ability to carry out normal day to day activities’
What does the National Planning Policy Framework 2 promote?
Identifies need for planning policies and decisions to create safe, inclusive and accessible places and which promote health and well-being
What does Section 8 (Promoting Healthy and Safe Communities) of the NPPF2 recommend?
- promote social interaction, including opportunities for meetings between people via mixed-use developments, strong neighbourhood centres, street layouts etc
- are safe and accessible, so crime and disorder do not undermine quality of life
- enable and support healthy lifestyles e.g. through provision of safe and accessible green infrastructure, sports facilities, local shops and layouts that encourage
walking and cycling
What does the London Planning Policy (London Plan 2016 – GLA) promote?
Focus on key aspects of inclusivity including parking (no. of disabled bays depends on use and no. of employees)
What are the SIX parts of the London Planning Policy strategy?
Strategy has six parts:
Great place to live
Great place for young people
Great place to work and do business
Safe, healthy and enjoyable city
Leading by Example
What two policies does the London Planning Policy (London Plan 2016 – GLA) Chapter 7 cover?
Chapter Seven – London’s Living Spaces and Places:
Policy 7.1 Lifetime Neighbourhoods
Policy 7.2 Inclusive Environments
What are the THREE principles of lifetime neighbourhoods under chapter seven of the London Plan?
o Access and connectivity
o Choice; homes, infrastructure and services
o Belong to cohesive community which fosters diversity, social interaction and social capital
What does Policy 7.1 Lifetime Neighbourhoods cover?
Focuses on how people perceive and use places they live in, work and visit
Quality and function of neighbourhoods and places, access, heritage, local character, landscapes, inclusive design, safety and resilience, green infrastructure, biodiversity, air quality and soundscape.
What does Policy 7.2 Inclusive Environments cover?
Can be used safely, easily and with dignity by all regardless of disability, age, gender, ethnicity or economic circumstances
Are convenient and welcoming with no disabling barriers
Are flexible and responsive taking account of what different people's needs
Are realistic, offering more than one solution to help balance everyone’s needs