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How does the UK Government define Inclusive Design?

As '…a process that ensures that all buildings, places and spaces can be easily and comfortably accessed and used by everyone'


How does BSI (2005) define Inclusive Design?

‘the design of mainstream products / services that are
accessible to, and usable, by as many people as reasonably possible…without the needs for special adaptation or specialised design'


What are the SEVEN key principles of ‘Inclusive design’?





Accommodating for all people, regardless of their age, gender, mobility, ethnicity or circumstances




What SEVEN user needs should be considered?






Small children

Gender fluidity – (badged superloos)


What did the Design Council (advisory board to the UK Government) recommend?

Advises that organisations should consult with different users to understand their needs

Key drivers: ageing population, stronger communities, economic growth, buying power


What are FOUR relevant British Standards Codes to inclusive design?

BS 8300:2009 Design of Buildings and their approaches to meet the needs of disabled people Code of Practice.

BS 5499-4:2013 Safety signs; CoP for escape route signing, British Standards Institution, 2013.

BS 8300:2018 Design of an Accessible and Inclusive Built Environment

BS 9999:2017 Code of Practice for Fire Safety in the Design, Management and use of Buildings


What sort of design standards do the British Standards recommend?

Surfacing and hard landscaping - non-slip and well laid. If changes in direction / levels; the path edge should be defined with a colour contrast

Pathways - clear of obstacles + minimum of 1.8m

Entering the building – changes in level to be avoided, ramps if there is a level change / lifts

Steps – clearly defined edges

Handrails - should be located 1m above a landing and should be between 45-50mm in diameter and 45mm from adjacent wall and be made of an easy to grasp material

Lifts - minimum internal measurements of 1.1m wide x 1.4m deep

Toilets - minimum dims of a toilet cubicle should be 2.2m x 1.5m with a metre wide outward opening of sliding entrance door and have a non-slip floor

Signposting - Information should be clear and unambiguous - at convenient, readable heights and readily distinguishable form background by use of strong


What are the relevant International Standards to inclusive design?

ISO 7176-28:2012 Wheelchairs – Part 28: Requirements and test methods for stair climbing devices, British Standards Institution, 2012