Lower Extremity Muscle Strength, Reflexes, and ROM Flashcards Preview

NMS 2 - Thoracic & Lumbar > Lower Extremity Muscle Strength, Reflexes, and ROM > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower Extremity Muscle Strength, Reflexes, and ROM Deck (26):
1

During hip flexion, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Segmental: L1-L4

Peripheral: Femoral

2

During hip extension, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Segmental: L5-S2

Peripheral: Inferior Gluteal

3

During hip abduction, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Seg: L4-S1

Per: Superior Gluteal

4

During hip adduction, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Seg: L2-L4

Per: Obturator

5

During Knee Flexion, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Seg: L5-S2

Per: Tibial

6

During knee extension, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Seg: L2-L4

Per: Femoral

7

During Plantar Flexion, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Seg: **S1**, S2

Per: Tibial

8

During Dorsiflexion, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Seg: L4, **L5**

Per: Deep Peroneal

9

During ankle inversion, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Seg: L5-S1

Per: Tibial

10

During ankle eversion, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Seg: L4-S1

Per: Superficial Peroneal

11

During toe extension, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Seg: L4-S1

Per: Deep peroneal

12

During toe flexion, what are the segmental innervation and peripheral nerves being tested?

Seg: L5-S2

Per: Tibial

13

What muscle actions have a segmental innervation of L4-S1?

Hip Abduction
Ankle Eversion
Toe Extension

14

What muscles actions have a segmental innervation of L5-S2?

Hip Extension
Knee Flexion
Toe Flexion

15

What are the standard reflexes performed in the lower extremity?

Patellar and Achilles

16

What are the segmental innervations and peripheral nerves of the Patellar reflex?

Seg: L2-L4
Per: Femoral

17

What are the segmental innervations and peripheral nerves of the Achilles reflex?

Seg: L5-S2
Per: Tibial

18

What is Westphal's sign?

Absent patellar reflex

19

What are the segmental innervations/peripheral nerves of the adductor reflex?

Seg: L2-L4
Per: Obturator

20

What are the segmental innervations/peripheral nerves of the internal hamstring reflex?

Seg: L4-S2
Per: Tibial

21

What are the segmental innervations/peripheral nerves of the external hamstring reflex?

Seg: L5-S3
Per: Common Peroneal

22

What is normal range of motion of the thoracic spine?

Flexion: 20-45
Extension: 25-35
Rotation: 35-50
Lateral Flexion: 20-40

23

What is normal ROM of the lumbosacral spine?

Flexion: 90
Extension: 35
Lateral Flexion: 25

24

What is normal ROM of the Hip?

Flexion: 120
Extension: 30
Abduction: 45
Adduction: 30
Internal Rotation: 45
External Rotation: 45

25

What is normal ROM for the knee?

Flexion: 130-150
Extension: 0-15

26

What is normal ROM of the ankle?

Dorsiflexion: 20
Plantarflexion: 45
Eversion: 20
Inversion: 30