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Flashcards in lower kinesiology Deck (78):
1

in the thoracic spine, which way to the inferior facets face

anterior

2

which thoracic vertebrae are considered atypical

T1 and T11,12

3

spinous process of the lumbar vertebrae project in what direction

horizontally

4

multifidus attach to what part of the vertebrae

mamillary process

5

what direction do the superior facets face in the lumbar spine

medial/ posterior medial

6

what two joints limit the motion at facets in the thoracic spine

costovertebral and costotransverse joints

7

what vertebrae in the thoracic spine doesn't have a costotransverse joint

T11 and T12

8

flexion in the t spine is done by what kind of kinematics of the top vertebrae on the bottom

superior and anterior slide

9

flexion and extension in the T spine increases in what direction

cranial to caudal

10

axial rotation in the thoracic spine increases in what direction

caudal to cranial

11

in the thoracic spine, the ribs will drop on which side during left lateral flexion

left

12

how are the lower thoracic vertebrae alligned

start to become vertical like lumbar

13

passive tension of the hip flexors helps to maintain what spinal alignment by anteriorly tilting the pelvis

lordosis

14

during lumbopelvic flexion, where is the movement initiated

lumbar spine

15

during lumbopelvic extension, where is the movement initiated

glutes

16

severe lordosis can be seen with a contracture of what muscle

hip flexor

17

during lumbar spine rotation to the left, what facet will open

the left one

18

anterior sacral tilt and posterior iliac tilt will give what sacral positioning

nutation

19

normal angle of inclination at the neck of the femur is what

125

20

a 90 degree angle of inclination at the hip joint would be considered what positioning

coxa vara

21

normal anteversion is how many degrees

10-15

22

what is the ligament that goes into the fovea of the femoral head

ligamentum teres

23

in general the 3 ligaments of the hip are taut in what motion

extension

24

what hip ligament in taut with extension and ER

iliofemoral ligament

25

what hip ligament is taut with extension and abduction

pubofemoral

26

during standing abduction of the hip, what direction does the lumbar spine laterally flex

side of highest iliac crest

27

the anterior fibers of glute med do this... while the posterior fibers of glute med do this

IR and flex
ER and extend

28

during right sided stance phase of walking, which side QL is working

left

29

lumbar spine facet pain will be made worse with what position

increased lumbar lordosis

30

what muscle prevents the posterior shearing of the vertebral bodies

iliopsoas

31

what knee deformity to OA patients present with

genu varum because medial cartilage breaks down

32

what position of knee flexion/ extension is there no contact between the patella and trochlear groove

full extension

33

normal genu valgum at the knee is what degree

170-175

34

what connects the menisci to the tibia

coronary ligaments

35

what are the only 2 parts of the menisci that have nerve supply

by the anterior and posterior horns

36

what tendon passes between lcl and lateral meniscus

popliteus

37

which way toes the meniscus move during knee extension

anteriorly

38

during okc knee extension, what motion is needed for the last 10 degrees

ER of the tibia

39

what pole of the patella contacts the femur during knee flexion (135 deg)

superior

40

the inferior pole of the patella is in contact with the femur in what position

extension

41

in the talocrural joint, what shape is the talus anterior- posterior

convex

42

what are the 3 components of foot pronation in OKC

calcaneal DF, ABD, Eversion

43

what are the 3 components of foot supination in OKC

calcaneal PF, ADD, Inversion

44

components of pronation (foot) in CKC

Calcaneus EV
Talus ADD
Talus PF
Tibial internal rotation

45

components of supination (foot) in CKC

Calcaneus IN
Talus AB
Talus DF
Tibial external rotation

46

by definition, what motions occur at the talocrural joint

pronation and supination

47

what is the main motion of pronation and supination at the foot

PF and DF

48

what direction is the slide and roll during OKC dorsiflexion

posterior slide anterior roll

49

what ankle ligaments are most taut in plantarflexion

ATF and Tibionavicular

50

what ankle ligament is most taut in dorsiflexion

calcaneofibular

51

in the subtalar joint, which bone is the convex surface

calcaneus

52

what ankle motions allow the foot to adapt to uneven surfaces easily

pronation and supination

53

what joint works hand in hand with the subtalar joint

transverse tarsal joint

54

what muscle is the first degree supinator of the foot

tibialis posterior

55

what muscle is the main pronator of the foot

fibularis longus

56

just after heel strike, what does the foot do in order to adapt to the surface it is walking on

pronates

57

in order to create a firm lever for push off, what does the foot do to lock the TTJ

supinates

58

pronation of the foot is linked to mobility whereas supination of the foot is linked to what

stability

59

successive heel contacts by opposite feet is called

step

60

successive heel contacts by the same foot is called what

stride

61

what is a normal cadence in steps per minute

110

62

what percent of the gait cycle is when the foot is in swing

40%

63

as gait speed increases, double limb support time does what

decreases

64

what are the 5 phases of stance

heel strike, foot flat, midstance, heel off, toe off

65

what are the 3 phases of swing

early, mid, late

66

midswing of the right leg occurs when the left leg is in what phase

midstance

67

how much hip flexion at heel strike

30 deg

68

how much hip extension at the point of toe off

0 deg

69

how much hip extension prior to toe off

10 deg

70

how much knee flexion at toe off

35 deg

71

how much knee flexion at initial contact

5 deg

72

during mid swing how much knee flexion is needed

60 deg

73

how much pf is needed in gait

15-20 deg

74

what position is the foot in at heelstrike

slight plantar flexion

75

how much DF is needed for gait

10 deg

76

at the first mtp joint how much motion is necessary for push off

45-55 deg of extension

77

in gait, the pelvis drops on what side during weight acceptance

swing side

78

at heel strike and toe off what position is the foot in (pro/sup)

supination (rigid lever)