Flashcards in Lung Infections Deck (90)
Which organism is responsible for annal winter epidemics of flu?
Which organism is the predominant bacterial cause of CAP?
Which organism can rarely cause a life-threatening acute epiglottitis?
Haemophilus influenzae type B
Which organism causes a rare type of CAP, caught from birds?
Which organism is an uncommon cause of upper lobe CAP, especially in patients with a history of alcohol abuse?
What are the three most predominant respiratory pathogens, casing the vast majority of deaths from respiratory infection worldwide?
Influenza A, strep pneumoniae and mycoplasma tuberculosis
Which two organisms are the major causes of acute or chronic bronchial infection in patients with COPD or bronchiectasis?
Haemophilus influenzae and moraxella catarrhalis
What organism is the most common cause of hospital acquired respiratory infections?
Which respiratory pathogen is commonly found in sources of water such as air conditioning units?
Which type of organisms are associated with the production of a foul-smelling pus?
Which type of bacteria are Legionella, Klebsiella and Pseudomonas?
Gram negative bacilli
Which organism is responsible for causes PCP, a pneumonia seen in immunocompromised individuals? Which broad category of organisms does this belong to?
Pneumocystis jirovecii- a fungus
What are some indications for treating acute COPD exacerbations with antibiotics?
New changes on CXR, increased purulence of sputum, suspicion of pneumonia
What are the two types of URTI which can cause life-threatening upper airway obstruction?
Diphtheria and epiglottitis
Which organism causes diphtheria?
Which organism causes whooping cough?
What is the empirical antibiotic therapy for a patient with severe CAP who is penicillin allergic?
What is the stepdown antibiotic therapy for all patients with severe CAP?
If a patient with severe CAP is NBM, the doxycycline in the standard empirical antibiotic regime gets changed to what?
If you give clarithromycin as a treatment for CAP, you must remember to stop which other drugs?
Statins and any other drugs which prolong the QT interval
If consolidation hasn't resolved after 6 weeks, patients should undergo which investigation to exclude what?
Bronchoscopy to exclude bronchial obstruction caused by lung cancer
What is the first line empirical antibiotic regimen for non-severe aspiration pneumonia?
Amoxicillin and metronidazole PO
What is the second line empirical antibiotic regimen for non-severe aspiration pneumonia?
Doxycycline and metronidazole PO
How long should antibiotics be given for for non-severe aspiration pneumonia?
How long should antibiotic treatment for severe aspiration pneumonia be continued for?
What is the first line empirical antibiotic regimen for patients with severe aspiration pneumonia?
IV amoxicillin, metronidazole and gentamicin
If the treatment for severe aspiration pneumonia cannot be tolerated because of a penicillin allergy, which other antibiotics can be used instead of amoxicillin?
IV clarithromycin or PO doxycycline
In which URTI is a toxin responsible for forming a pharyngeal pseudo-membrane?
How does acute bronchitis present? The presence of what feature would suggest bacterial infection?
A cough, often preceded by coryzal symptoms; the presence of purulent sputum production