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Flashcards in M16A2 Deck (35)
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1

What is the FM concerning the M16/a2 Rifle?

FM 3-22.9

2

What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?

Make sure you clear it

3

Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship

Preliminary Rifle Instruction
Downrange Feedback
Field Fire Advanced
Rifle Marksmanship
Advanced Optics, Laser and Iron Sight

4

What is the purpose of a weaponeer

The weaponeer is capable of simulating all of the BRM live fire scenarios without firing rounds. Immediate feedback is available for critiquing the soldier's application of the integrated act of firing while using the weaponeer device to include misfire procedures

5

What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?

Steady Position
Proper Aim (Sight Picture)
Breathing
Trigger Squeeze

6

During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI), what are the only two positions taught?

Individual Foxhole supported
Basic Prone unsupported

7

What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?

Sight Alignment
Placing of the Aiming Point

8

What does the acronym SPORTS stand for?

Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Shoot
(FM 3-22.9 Apr 2003 / 3-1 / PDF 57

9

What is remedial action?

Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a stoppage ormal function and to try to clear the stoppage once it has been identified.
(FM 3-22.9 Apr 2003 / 3-1 / PDF 57)

10

Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with the M16/A2.

Try to place the weapon on safe Remove the magazine Lock the bolt to the rear Place the weapon on safe if not already done

11

Describe the proper procedure for applying immediate action with the M16/A2

Slaps gently upward on the magazine to ensure it is fully seated, and the magazine follower is not jammed. Pulls the charging handle fully to the rear. Observes for the ejection of a live round or expended cartridge. (If the weapon fails to eject a cartridge, perform remedial action.) Releases the charging handle (do not ride it forward). Taps the forward assist assembly to ensure bolt closure. Squeezes the trigger and tries to fire the rifle

12

Is SPORTS an Immediate or Remedial Action?

Immediate action
(FM 3-22.9 Apr 2003 / 3-1 / PDF 57)

13

What is immediate action?

Immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause.
(SPORTS) (FM 3-22.9 Apr 2003 / 3-1 / PDF 57)

14

How many times should immediate action be applied to a weapon?

Once. (If Rifle still fails to fire, apply remedial action) (FM 3-22.9 Apr 2003 / 3-1 / PDF 57)

15

What is a malfunction?

The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine or ammo.
(FM 3-22.9 Apr 2003 / 3-2 / PDF 58)

16

Name the different categories of malfunctions on the M16/A2.

Failure to feed, chamber or lock
Failure to fire cartridge
Failure to Extract
Failure to Eject

17

What is stoppage?

A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation..
(FM 3-22.9 Apr 2003 / 3-1 / PDF 57)

18

How do you clear a stoppage?

Apply immediate or remedial action
(FM 3-22.9 Apr 2003 / 3-1 / PDF 57)

19

What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range?

The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.

20

What does CLP stand for?

Cleaner - It contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon.
Lubricant - It lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication.
Preservative - It prevents rust from Forming.

21

Describe the M16/A2 Rifle.

A 5.56 mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst, hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon.

22

What are the 5 types of ammunition that can be used with the M16/A2 Rifle?

M193 – Ball
M199 – Dummy
M200 – Blank (Violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp)
M856 – Tracer (Red Tip)
M862 – Short Range Training Ammunition (Plastic with a Blue Tip)

23

What are the four steps required in order to mechanically zero the M16/A2?

Adjust the front sight post (1) up or down until the base of the front sight post is flush with the front sight post housing (2).

Adjust the elevation knob (3) counterclockwise, as viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly(4) rests flush with the carrying handle and the 8/3 marking is aligned with the index line on the left side of the carrying handle.

Position the apertures(5) so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob (6) to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly.

24

What are the steps required in order to battle sight zero the M16/A2?

Adjust the elevation knob (1) counterclockwise, as viewed from above, until the rear sight assembly(2) rests flush with the carrying handle and the 8/3 marking is aligned with the index line (3) on the left side of the carrying handle. Then adjust the elevation knob one more click clockwise.

Position the apertures(4) so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob (5) to align the index mark on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center index line on the rear sight assembly.

25

Describe the weights of the M16/A2 Rifle

Without Magazine and Sling - 7.78 pounds

With Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 8.48 pounds

With Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 8.79 pounds

26

Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M16/A2 Rifle.

Semiautomatic - 45 rounds per minute
Burst - 90 rounds per minute
Sustained - 12-15 rounds per minute

27

What is the muzzle velocity of the M16/A2 Rifle?

3,100feet per second

28

Describe the ranges for the M16/A2 Rifle.

Maximum Range - 3,600 meters

Max Effective Range for a Point Target - 550 meters

Max Effective Range for an Area Target - 800 meters

29

Describe the Barrel Rifling for the M16/A2 Rifle.

Right hand twist 1/7

30

What is the basic load of ammunition for the M16/A2 Rifle?

210 Rounds total. (7 magazines with 30 rounds in each)