Flashcards in Mac OS X Server 10.9 Deck (136)
What are the minimum RAM and disk requirements for installing OS X Server?
The minimum RAM and disk requirements for OS X Server are:
• 2GB of RAM (more for high-demand servers running multiple services)
• 10GB of available disk space
What tool do you use to perform an installation and initial configuration of OS X Server?
You use the Server app to perform an installation and initial configuration of OS X Server.
If you’re installing OS X Server on a Mac, what is one configuration step you should take before installing?
Configure your Mac with OS X to use a manually assigned IPv4 address.
What are two kinds of names associated with your server, and what are they used for?
You can use the Server app to configure these two names:
• Computer name—This is what appears in the Finder sidebar for other Macs if your server offers file sharing services.
• Host name—Computers and devices can access services offered by your server by using your server’s DNS host name, even if they’re not on its local network, as long as the host name corresponds with an IPv4 address that’s reachable and not blocked by firewalls.
How can you install the Server app on an administrator computer?
Use the Mac App Store to download OS X Server. If you purchased a computer with OS X Server preinstalled, copy the Server app from that server to your administrator computer.
Give two examples of services that appear with your server’s computer name.
Your server’s computer name appears in the Finder sidebar window if the File Sharing or Screen Sharing services are enabled. It may also appear in AirDrop, Apple Remote Desktop, and in Xcode preferences when adding a new server for the Xcode service.
What kind of name is new-test-server.local?
new-test-server.local is an example of a local host name.
What kind of name is server17.pretendco.com?
server17.pretendco.com is an example of a host name.
What is the purpose of DNS?
To convert host names into IP addresses and IP addresses to host names.
If no DNS server is defined when configuring OS X Server, how will the server provide DNS for itself?
A basic DNS server is configured automatically and turned on.
If you’re using an external DNS server to provide DNS for your server, what should you do prior to configuring the server?
You should check that the DNS server has the proper forward and reverse DNS information configured for your server’s host name and IPv4 address.
When is it OK to leave the automatically configured DNS server running with no modification?
When it’s a very simple network with one server, and all the computers and devices are on the same network.
When might you want to use a manually configured DNS service on your OS X Server?
When you want to have records for multiple computers and devices.
Using an administrator computer with the Server app installed, how do you use the Server app to administer a remote server?
Open the Server app, choose Manage > Connect to Server, select your remote server from the list (or select Other, and then provide its host name or address), and provide credentials for a local administrator.
What option do you need to select in order to allow another Mac to administer your server, and where is its checkbox?
Select your server in the Server app sidebar (in the Server section), click the Settings tab, and then select the option “Allow remote administration using Server.”
What tools does the Tools menu give you quick access to open?
The Tools menu gives you access to these applications:
• Directory Utility
• Screen Sharing
• System Image Utility
• Xsan Admin
Do you have to install extra software to take control of your server’s keyboard and mouse?
No, on your server computer, you open the Server app and select your server in the Server app sidebar (in the Server section). Click the Settings tab, select the checkbox “Enable screen sharing and remote management,” and then on your administrator computer use Screen Sharing to take control of your server computer’s keyboard.
If you use the Server app to choose a different service data volume to a volume mounted at /Volumes/Data, what folder will contain the service data?
In this case, your service data will be stored in /Volumes/Data/ Library/Server.
Do you need to stop all services before using the Server app to change your service data volume?
No, the Server app automatically stops the appropriate services before moving their data to the new service data volume.
Can you remotely install OS X Server on a brand new Mac computer that comes with OS X Server without first configuring OS X on that computer?
No, you need to configure OS X before installing and configuring OS X Server.
How do you display the list of advanced services in the Server app sidebar?
Hover the pointer over the word Advanced in the Server app sidebar, then click Show.
What is the difference between a root CA and an intermediate CA?
An intermediate CA’s public key certificate is signed by another CA. A root CA’s public key certificate is signed by itself. Note that there is a set of root CAs and intermediate CAs that OS X trusts.
What is the problem with just using a self-signed SSL certificate?
Computers and devices accessing services that use a self- signed SSL certificate will see a message that the SSL certificate is not trusted. It is a security risk to teach users to just trust any SSL certificate that causes a warning.
What tool do you use to create a new self-signed SSL certificate and a CSR?
Use the Server app to create a new self-signed SSL certificate and a CSR.
What tool do you use to create a secure archive of your certificate and private key?
Use Keychain Access on the server to create a secure archive of your certificate and private key. Be sure to choose “Personal Information Exchange (.p12)” in the File Format menu of the Save dialog.
Can different services use different certificates, or do all the services on your server need to use the same certificate?
Each service can use a different certificate, or you can use the same certificate for all services.
What is the purpose of alerts?
Alerts provide a system of warning of various conditions.
What are the two ways alerts can be delivered?
Email, and alerts pushed to the Server app.
If you wish to use push alerts, what is the first step you need to take?
Configure the Apple Push Notification service for the server you’re using.