Major Endocrine Glands & Some of their Hormones (Chp.9) Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology > Major Endocrine Glands & Some of their Hormones (Chp.9) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Major Endocrine Glands & Some of their Hormones (Chp.9) Deck (24)
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1

Name gland and hormone: Involved in biological rhythms (daily & seasonal)

pineal gland [melatonin]

2

Hormones released by the posterior pituitary gland; releasing and inhibiting hormones that regulate the anterior pituitary gland.

hypothalamus

3

Simulates contraction of uterus & the milk "let-down" reflex.

posterior lobe of the pituitary gland [oxytocin]

4

Promotes retention of water by kidneys.

posterior lobe of the pituitary gland [antidiuretic hormone (ADH)]

5

Stimulates growth (especially of bones and muscles) and metabolism.

anterior lobe of the pituitary gland [growth hormone (GH)]

6

Stimulates milk production.

anterior lobe of the pituitary gland [prolactin (PRL)]

7

Stimulates production of ova and sperm.

anterior lobe of the pituitary gland [follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)]

8

Stimulates the ovaries and testes.

anterior lobe of the pituitary gland [luteinizing hormone (LH)]

9

Stimulates the thyroid gland.

anterior lobe of the pituitary gland [thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)]

10

Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids.

anterior lobe of the pituitary gland [adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)]

11

Stimulates metabolism.

thyroid gland [thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3)

12

REDUCES blood calcium level.

thyroid gland [calcitonin]

13

RAISES blood calcium level.

parathyroid gland [parathyroid hormone (PTH)]

14

"Programs" T lymphocytes

thymus [thymosin] *peak size at puberty then gets smaller with age*

15

Raises blood glucose level; increases rate of metabolism; constricts certain blood vessels.

adrenal glands, aka suprarenal glands
- adrenal medulla [epinephrine & norepinephrine]

16

Increases blood glucose.

adrenal glands, aka suprarenal glands
- adrenal cortex [glucocorticoids]

17

Promotes reabsorption of Na+ and excretion of K+ in kidneys.

adrenal glands, aka suprarenal glands
- adrenal cortex [mineralocorticoids]

18

Androgens and estrogens (related to the gonads)

adrenal glands, aka suprarenal glands

19

Reduces blood glucose.

pancreas [insulin (helps enter the cells)]

20

This endocrine also works with the digestive system.

pancreas

21

Raises blood glucose.

pancreas [glucagon]

22

Support sperm formation; development and maintenance of male secondary sex characteristics.

gonads
- testes [androgens]

23

Stimulate uterine lining growth; development & maintenance of female secondary sex characteristics.

gonads
- ovaries [estrogens]

24

Promotes growth of uterine lining.

gonads
- ovaries [progesterone]