Male Reproductive System 2 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Male Reproductive System 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Male Reproductive System 2 Deck (32):
1


gamete


reproductive cell (ovum or sperm) that contians one-half of the chromosome required to produce an offspring of the species.

2


libido


psychological and physical drive for sexual activity

3


sphincter


ringlike muscle that opens and closes a body opening to allow or restrict passage through the structure

4


andr/o


male

5


balan/o


glans penis

6


crypt/o


hidden

7


epididym/o


epididymis

8


genit/o


genitalia

9


gonad/o


gonads, sex glands

10


olig/o


scanty

11


orch/o

orchi/o

orchid/o

test/o


testis

12


perine/o


perineum (area b/n scrotum (or vulva) and anus)

13


prostat/o

14


spermat/o

sperm/o


spermatozoa, sperm cells

15


varic/o


dilated vein

16


vas/o


vessel, vas deferens, duct

17


vesicul/o


seminal vesicle

18


-cide


killing

19


-ism


condition

20


-spadias


slit, fissure

21


brachy-


short

22


epi-


above, upon

23


balanitis


inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis, caused by bacteria, fungi, or virus

24


hypogonadism


decrease or lack of horomes normally produced by the gonads

25


phimosis


stenosis or narrowing of foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis

26


orchitis


painful swelling of one or both testes, commonly associated with mumps that develop after puberty

27


orchiectomy


removal of one or both testicles; also called castration or orchidectomy

28


Pharmacology:

Androgens


increase testosterone levels

testosterone base-Androderm, Testim

testosterone cypionate-Depo-testosterone

 

Italic and bold are Generic and Trade Names

29


Pharmacology:

Antiandrogens


Suppress the production of androgen

flutamide-Eulexin

nilutamide-Nilandron

30


Pharmacology:

Anti-impotence agents


Treat erectile dysfunction (impotence) by increasing blood flow to the penis, resuling in an erection

sildenafil citrate-Viagra

vardenafil-Levitra

31


Pharmacology:

Antivirals


Treat viral disorders by inhibiting their development

acyclovir-Zovirax

famciclovir-Famvir

32