Musculoskeletal System 2 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Musculoskeletal System 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal System 2 Deck (77):
1


appendage


any body part attached o a main structure

2


articulation


place of union between two or more bones, also called joints

3


cancellous


latticelike arrangement of bony plates occurring at the ends of long bones

4


cruciate ligaments


ligaments that cross each other, forming an X within the notch b/n the femoral condyles

5


hematopoiesis


production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow

6


adduction


moves closer to the midline

7


abduction


moves away from the midline

8


flexion


decreases the angle of the joint

9


extension


increases the angle of a joint

10


rotation


moves a bone around it own axis

11


pronation


turns the palm down

12


supination


turns the palm up

13


inversion


moves the sole fo the foot inward

14


eversion


moves the sole of the foot outwards

15


dorsiflexion


elevates the foot

16


plantar flexion


lowers the foot (points the toes)

17


ankyl/o


stiffness, bent, crooked

18


arthr/o


joint

19


kyph/o


humpback

20


lamin/o


lamina (part of vertebral arch)

21


lord/o


curve, swayback

22


myel/o


bone marrow, spinal cord

23


orth/o


straight

24


oste/o


bone

25


ped/o

ped/i


foot; child

26


scoli/o


crooked, bent

27


thorac/o


chest

28


acromi/o


acromion (projection of the scpapula)

29


brachi/o


arm

30


calcane/o


calcaneum (heel bone)

31


carp/o


carpus (wrist bone)

32


cephal/o


head

33


cervic/o


neck; cervix uteri (neck of the uterus)

34


clavicul/o


clavicle (collar bone)

35


cost//o

36


crani/o


cranium (skull)

37


dactyl/o


finger; toes

38


femor/o


femur ( thigh bone)

39


fibul/o

40


humer/o


humerus (upper arm bone)

41


ili/o


ilium (lateral, flaring portion of the hip bone)

42


ischi/o


ischium (lower portion of the hip bone)

43


lumb/o


loins (lower bank)

44


metacarp/o


metacarpus (hand bones)

45


metatars/o


metatarsus (foot bone)

46


patell/o


patella

47


pelv/i


pelvis

48


phalang/o


phalanges (bones of the fingers and toes)

49


pod/o


foot

50


pub/o


pelvis bone (anterior part of the pelvic bone)

51


radi/o


radiation, x-ray, radius (lower arm bone on the thumb side)

52


spondyl/o

vertebr/o


vertebrae (backbone)

53


stern/o


sternum (breastbone)

54


tibi/o


tibia (larger bone of te lower leg)

55


leiomy/o


smooth muscle (visceral)

56


muscul/o

my/o


muscle

57


rhabd/o


rod-shaped (striated)

58


rhabdomy/o


rod-shaped (striated) muscle

59


chondr/o


cartilage

60


fasci/o


band, fascia (fibrous membrane supporting and seperating muscle)

61


fibr/o


fiber, fibrous tissue

62


synov/o


synovial membrane, synovial fluid

63


ten/o

tend/o

tendin/o


tendon

64


-asthenia


weakness, debility

65


-blast

66


-clasia


to break, surgical fracture

67


-clast


to break, surgical fracture

68


-physis


growth

69


ankylosis


stiffening and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma, surgery or abnormal bone fusion

70


claudication


lameness, limping

71


hemarthrosis


effusion of blood into a joint cavity

72


hypotonia


loss of musular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching

73


sequestrum


fragment of necrosed bone that has become seperated from surrounding tissue

74


spondylolisthesis


any slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra from its normal position in relationship to the one beneath it

75


spondylosis


degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar, vertebrae and related tissues

76


subluxation


partial or incomplete dislocation

77