Respiratory Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Respiratory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (121):
1

Friction sounds

Sounds made by dry surfaces rubbing together

2

Hiccough

Involuntary contraction of the diaphragm followed by rapid closure of the glottis

3

Rales

Crackles or crepitation; bubbling, clicking or rattling noises

4

Rhonchi

Continuous rumbling sounds upon expiration

5

Stridor

Continuous high pitched sound upon inspiration

6

Wheezing

May be a high pitched and whistling (asthma) or wheezes lower in pitch (snoring or rumbling sound)

7

nose

nas/o rhin/o

8

septum

sept/o

9

sinus, cavity

sinus/o

10

adenoids

adenoid/o

11

tonsils

tonsill/o

12

pharynx (throat)

pharyng/o

13

epiglottis

epiglott/o

14

larynx (voice box)

laryng/o

15

trachea (windpipe)

trache/o

16

bronchus (plural, bronchi)

bronchi/o bronch/o

17

bronchiole

bronchiol/o

18

alveolus; air sac

alveol/o

19

pleura

pleur/o

20

air; lung

pneum/o pneumon/o

21

lung

pulmon/o

22

coal, coal dust

anthrac/o

23

incomplete; imperfect

atel/o

24

dust

coni/o

25

lobe

lob/o

26

straight

orth/o

27

oxygen

ox/i ox/o

28

chest

pector/o steth/o thorac/o

29

diaphragm; mind

phren/o

30

breathe

spir/o

31

carbon dioxide

-capnia

32

smell

-osmia

33

voice

-phonia

34

breathing

-pnea

35

spitting

-ptysis

36

chest

-thorax

37

acidosis

Excessive acidity of body fluids

38

anosmia

Absence of the sense of smell

39

apnea

Temporary loss of breathing

40

sleep apnea

Sleeping disorder in which breathing stops repeatedly for more than 10 seconds, causing measurable blood deoxygenation

41

asphyxia

Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen

42

atelectasis

Collapsed or airless state of the lung which may be acute or chronic and affects all or part of a lung

43

Cheyne-Stokes respiration

Repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration; first deeply, then shallow, then not at all

44

coryza

Acute inflammation of the membranes of the nose; also called head cold or upper respiratory infection (URI)

45

crackle

Abnormal respiratory sound heard on ausculation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture filled aveoli; also called rale

46

croup

Common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and sometimes lungs

47

deviated nasal septum

Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils that causes reduced airflow and sometimes nosebleed

48

epiglottitis

Severe, life threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between 2 and 12 years

49

epistaxis

Nasal hemorrhage; also called nose bleed

50

finger clubbing

Enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes commonly associated with pulmonary disease

51

hypoxemia

Oxygen deficiency in arterial blood; ususally a sign of respiratory impairment

52

hypoxia

Oxygen deficiency in body tissues; usually a sign of respiratory impairment

53

pertussis

Acute, infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a whoop sound; whooping cough

54

pleurisy

Inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis

55

pneumoconiosis

Disease caused by dust particles, including coal dust, stone dust, iron dust, and asbestos

56

coal dust

anthracosis

57

stone dust

chalicosis

58

iron dust

siderosis

59

asbestos particles

asbestosis

60

pulmonary edema

Accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, most commonly caused by heart failure

61

pulmonary embolism

Blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter

62

rhonchus

Abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway

63

stridor

High pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway

64

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months; crib death

65

wheeze

Whistling or sighing sound heard on ausculation that results from narrowing of the lume of the respiratory passageway

66

coal dust

anthracosis

67

stone dust

chalicosis

68

iron dust

siderosis

69

asbestos particles

asbestosis

70

pulmonary edema

Accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, most commonly caused by heart failure

71

pulmonary embolism

Blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter

72

rhonchus

Abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway

73

stridor

High pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway

74

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months; crib death

75

wheeze

Whistling or sighing sound heard on ausculation that results from narrowing of the lume of the respiratory passageway

76

aerosol therapy

Lung treatment using various techniques to deliver medication in mist form directly to the lungs or air passageways

77

antral lavage

Washing or irrigating of the paranasal sinuses to remove mycopurulent material in an immunosuppressed patient or one with known sinusitis that has failed medical management

78

oximetry

Noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saurated with oxygen

79

polysomnography

test of sleep cycles and stages using continuous recordings of brain waves, etc.

80

postural drainage

Method of positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs

81

pulmonary function tests (PFTs)

Variety of tests used to evaluate respiratory function, the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane

82

spirometry

PFT that measures the breathing capacity of the lungs, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air

83

endotracheal intubation

Procedure in which a plastic tube is inserted into the trachea to maintain an open airway

84

pleurectomy

Excision of part of the pleura, usually parietal pleura

85

pneumectomy

Excision of a lung or a portion of the lung, commonly for treatment of cancer

86

septoplasty

Surgical repair of a deviated nasal septum usually performed when the septum is encroaching on the breathing passages or nasal structures

87

thoracentesis

Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity

88

tracheostomy

Surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted

89

Mantoux test

Intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen

90

bronchoscopy

Visual exam of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted through the mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor

91

laryngoscopy

Visual exam of the larynx to detect tumor, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities

92

mediastinoscopy

Visual exam of the mediastinal structures, including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes

93

arterial blood gas (ABG)

Test that measures dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood

94

sputum culture

Microbial test used to identify disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract, especially those that cause pneumonias

95

sweat test

Measurement of the amount of salt in sweat

96

throat cultures

Test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci

97

computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA)

Minimally invasive imaging that combines computed tomography scanning and angiography to produce images of the pulmonary arteries

98

ventilation perfusion (V-Q) scan

Nuclear test scan that evaluates both airflow and blood flow in the lungs for evidence of a blood clot in the lungs

99

aerosol therapy

Lung treatment using various techniques to deliver medication in mist form directly to the lungs or air passageways

100

antral lavage

Washing or irrigating of the paranasal sinuses to remove mycopurulent material in an immunosuppressed patient or one with known sinusitis that has failed medical management

101

oximetry

Noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saurated with oxygen

102

polysomnography

test of sleep cycles and stages using continuous recordings of brain waves, etc.

103

postural drainage

Method of positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs

104

pulmonary function tests (PFTs)

Variety of tests used to evaluate respiratory function, the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane

105

spirometry

PFT that measures the breathing capacity of the lungs, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air

106

endotracheal intubation

Procedure in which a plastic tube is inserted into the trachea to maintain an open airway

107

pleurectomy

Excision of part of the pleura, usually parietal pleura

108

pneumectomy

Excision of a lung or a portion of the lung, commonly for treatment of cancer

109

septoplasty

Surgical repair of a deviated nasal septum usually performed when the septum is encroaching on the breathing passages or nasal structures

110

thoracentesis

Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity

111

tracheostomy

Surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted

112

Mantoux test

Intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen

113

bronchoscopy

Visual exam of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted through the mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor

114

laryngoscopy

Visual exam of the larynx to detect tumor, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities

115

mediastinoscopy

Visual exam of the mediastinal structures, including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes

116

arterial blood gas (ABG)

Test that measures dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood

117

sputum culture

Microbial test used to identify disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract, especially those that cause pneumonias

118

sweat test

Measurement of the amount of salt in sweat

119

throat cultures

Test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci

120

computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA)

Minimally invasive imaging that combines computed tomography scanning and angiography to produce images of the pulmonary arteries

121

ventilation perfusion (V-Q) scan

Nuclear test scan that evaluates both airflow and blood flow in the lungs for evidence of a blood clot in the lungs