male reproductive system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in male reproductive system Deck (28):
1

where is the gonads/testes located?

in the scrotum outside the body

2

what is the gonads/testes?

the sac suspended between the thighs

3

what temp is needed for sperm production?

Lower temperature needed for sperm production

4

where is sperm produced and developed?

in the testes

5

whats the epididymis? function?

Tightly coiled tube thats about 20 feet long that
Stores sperm until mature and motile and
Produces fluid that becomes part of the seme

6

epididymis location?

Located just above testes in scrotum

7

vas deferens function?

the 2nd tube sperm goes through

8

vas deferens location?

extends up behind the bladder and joins seminal vesicle

9

whats the Seminal Vesicle?

Two small pouch-like tubes that are
Responsible for fluid that nourishes sperm
Makes up large percent of semen
Join with vas deferens at ejaculatory ducts
Carry sperm & fluids through prostate gland and into urethra

10

whats the prostate gland?

secreates alkaline fluid

11

urethra?

Tube that extends from urinary bladder, through penis, to the outside of the body

12

penis?

External male reproductive organ located in front of the scrotum. Composed of spongy, erectile tissue.

13

what is semen made of?

1% sperm, fructose, salts, phospholipids and alkine fluids

14

sperm head?

Contains acrosome/enzymes to break down outer layer of ovum

15

sperm mid piece?

Contains mitochondrial spiral that supplies tail with energy for swimming

16

sperm tail?

Contains axial filament to allow wiggling of tail

17

Sperm nucleus?

Contains genetic information

18

whats a vasectomy?

male sterillization

19

whats a circumcision?

removal of foreskin

20

epididymitis disease? cause?

-Inflammation of the epididymis
-Usually caused by infection

21

symptoms and treatment of epididymitis?

-Pain in testes, swelling, fever
-Antibiotics, Scrotol support, Cold applications, Pain medication

22

testicular cancer?

cancer in the balls of a male

23

what age is most common for testicular cancer?

20-35 years old

24

treatment of testicular cancer?

Orchiectomy (surgical removal of testes), Chemotherapy
and Radiation

25

whats prevention of testicular cancer? and what age do you start it?

monthly self exams starting at age 15?

26

what is Prostatic Hypertrophy/Hyperplasia?

where a male has Difficulty starting to urinate, Urinary frequency, has Nocturia and a Enlarged prostate on rectal exam

27

what is Prostatic Hypertrophy/Hyperplasia most common in what age group?

older males

28

treatment of Prostatic Hypertrophy/Hyperplasia?

Medication and Surgery (TURP)