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Flashcards in urinary system Deck (75):
1

whats another name for the urinary system?

excretory system

2

whats the function of the urinary system?

excretion, maintain homeostasis, RBC production

3

what's excretion?

removal of metabolic waste from the body and excess water

4

whats urea?

metabolic waste from the breakdown of amino acids in the liver that causes a release of ammonia

5

whats uric acid?

metabolic waste that can form crystals in the joints producing grout

6

whats creatinine?

muscle waste product

7

whats NacI?

it causes osmosis, leads to greater blood volume

8

ADH?

reduces urine volume, reabsorb more water into blood, urine decreses

9

aldosterone?

increases sodium re absorption, water excreted decreases

10

erythropoietin?

something thats secreted by the kisney and stimulates the productions of rbc's

11

what do the kidneys look like?

red/ brown color and shaped like a bean

12

where are the kidneys located?

on either side of the vertebral column just above the waist

13

what are the two main sections of the kidneys?

cortex and medulla

14

whats the cortex?

the outer section of the kidney that contains most of the nephrons

15

whats the medulla?

the inner section of the kidney that contains most of the collecting tubes

16

hilum?

areea through witch the ureter, nerves, blood and lymph vessels enter and leave the kidney

17

whats the nephron?

the functional part of the kidney

18

where is the nephron located?

cortex

19

whats the glomerulus?

cluster of capillaries

20

whats the bowman's capsule

c- shaped structer surrounding the glomerulus

21

whats located in the nephron?

glomerulus, bowman's capsule, convoluted tube and the collecting ducts/tube

22

what are the ureters?

tubes that extend from the kidney to bladder

23

ureters function?

propels urine to the bladder and is the mucous lining

24

whats the urinary bladder?

hollow muscular organ that stores urine

25

how many ml of urine can the bladder hold?

600ml

26

how many ml of urine dose it take before you feel the need to pee?

250ml

27

what's rugae?

allows expansion of the urinary bladder

28

whats the urethra?

the tube that extends from the bladder to the outside

29

whats the function of the urethra in woman?

just carries the urine and allows internal and external sphincters to open

30

whats the function of the urethra in men?

carries the urine, its the pathway for sperm and allows internal and external sphincters to open

31

whats the difference in the urethra between woman and men?

the men's is longer

32

whats the urinary meatus?

the external opening

33

what the urethra controlled by?

the nervous system

34

conditions affecting urination?

polyuria, oliguria, anuria, hematuria, pyuria, nocturia, dysuria, retention, incontinence, proteinuria, albuminuria

35

what does the condition polyuria affect urination

above normal urine output, more than 2000mil a day

36

what does the condition oliguria affect urination

amount of urine below normal, usually less than 500mil a day

37

what does the condition anurina affect urination

no urine output

38

what does the condition hematuria affect urination

blood in the urine

39

what does the condition pyuria affect urination

pus in the urine

40

what does the condition nocturia affect urination

urination at night

41

what does the condition dysuria affect urination

painful urination

42

what does the condition retention affect urination

inability to empty the bladder

43

what does the condition incontinence affect urination

lack of voluntary control over urination

44

what does the condition proteinuria affect urination

protein in the urine

45

what does the condition glycosuria affect urination

sugar in the urine

46

what does the condition albuminuria affect urination

albumin in urine

47

whats cystitis?

bladder infection where the bladder is inflamed

48

how dose cystitis occur?

when pathogens enter the urinary meatus

49

why is cystitis more common in females?

because they have a shorter urethra

50

is cystitis more common in makes or females?

females

51

what are the symptoms of cystitis?

frequent burning, painful urination, hematuria and pyuria, lower back pain, spasm, fever.

52

whats the treatment of cystitis?

antibiotics and increase fluid intake

53

whats a renal calculus?

its a kidney stone often lodged in the renal pelvis or ureter

54

whats the symptoms of renal calculus?

severe pain, hematuria, nausea and vomiting

55

whats the treatment of renal calculus?

increase fluids, pain medication, lithotripsy and surgery

56

whats acute renal failure?

when the kidneys suddenly stop working.

57

what is the cause of acute renal failure?

by hemorrhage, shock, injury and poisoning

58

what are symptoms of acute renal failure?

oliguria, anuria, headaches, edema, arrhythmia and uremia

59

whats the treatment of acute renal failure?

restrict fluid intake, correct underlying condition and dialysis

60

whats dialysis?

removes waste products from blood- acts as kidney

61

whats the prognosis of acute renal failure?

good

62

whats chronic renal failure?

progressive loss of kidney function where waste products accumulate in the blood

63

whats the symptoms of chronic renal failure?

nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, uremic frost and decreased mental ability

64

whats the treatment of chronic renal failure?

kidney transplant

65

whats perirenal fat?

protection holding the kidney in place

66

whats the bladder?

receives urine from ureters and stores it

67

what are the organs that make up the urinary system?

2 kidneys, 1 bladder and 1 urethra

68

which stucture is uniquely male?

prostate gland

69

where is the prostate gland located?

just under the bladder

70

as a whole system itself what are the three jobs of the urinary system?

removal of waste, regulation of electrolyte balance and regulation of acid base homeostasis

71

renal tubules?

reabsorption of needed substances and excretion of waste products

72

what happens in the glomerulus and bowman's capsule?

filtration of blood occurs here

73

what is the rhythmic wave- like motion of the involuntary muscle of the ureter called?

peristalsis

74

what dose peristalsis do?

move urine from kidney to the bladder

75

what is rugae?

folds in the bladder allowing expansion of the bladder