Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

Health Sciences OSTC > Integumentary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Integumentary System Deck (42):
1

Epidermis definition

The outermost layer of the skin

2

Dermis

Elastic connective tissue, blood, Lymph vessel, nerves, involuntary muscle, sweat and oil glands and hair follicles

3

Subcutaneous fascia definition

Innermost layer of skin, connect skin to underlying muscle

4

Function of the skin?

Protection, sensory , body temperature regulation

5

Protection (function of skin)

A barrier to the sun, keep germs out, helps keep moisture in so tissue doesn't dry out

6

Sensory (skin function)

Nerves feel pain and pressure, temperature and touch

7

Body temperature regulation (skin function)

Vessels dilate to get closer to skin and get rid of heat, they get smaller to keep heat in.

8

Sudorifeous gland

Aka sweat gland, tubes through the dermis and pores skin allow water, salt, waste to escape

9

Sebaceous glad

Aka oil gland , produces oil sebum that keep skin and hair from becoming brittle

10

Storage

Temporary storage of fats, vitamins, water, sugar and salt.

11

Absorption

Certain medicines are picked up by blood vessels and circulated throughout body ex -patch

12

Excretion

Salt, water, waste are eliminated by precipitation

13

Production

Skin take UV rays from the sun and turns them into a molecule use for vitamin D

14

Papillary layer

Send superficial areolar connective tissue with collagen and elastin fibers

15

Albinism

No pigmentation, resulting in a pinkish tint to the skin and pale yellow or white hair

16

Erythema

Reddish color of skin that can be caused by burns in blood clotting

17

Jaudice

Yellow color of skin that can indicate liver or gallbladder

18

Cyanosis

Bluish color of skin caused by lack of oxygen

19

Macule

Flat discolored spots on the skin FRECKLE

20

Papillae

Raised solid area less than 1 cm in diameter

21

Vesicle

Raised, fluid filled sac. BLISTER

22

Pustule

ACNE

23

Crust

Dry bloody or pus covering injury SCAB

24

Wheal

Itchy, raised area with an irregular shape, such as a hive

25

Ulcer

Open sore with deep loss of skin surface

26

How do they provide method of identification?p

Fingerprints and footprints

27

Alopecia

Baldness permanent hair loss on scalp DAD

28

Impetigo

Highly contagious infection caused by streptococcal. SKIN INFECTION CREATS CRUST

29

Verrucae

Warts

30

Dermatitis

Inflammation of skin

31

Acne vulgaris

Inflammation of sebaceous gland

32

Athletes foot

Contagious fungal infection, usually affects feet

33

What are the layers of the skin?

Epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous facia

34

Psoriasis

Chronic, not contagious skin disease with periods of remission

35

Ringworm

Very contagious fungal infection of skin or scalp

36

Basal cell carcinoma

Slow-growing destructive cancerous skin tumor

37

Melanoma

Most dangerous type of skin cancer

38

Acne vulgaris def

Inflammation of sebaceous gland

39

Cause of acne vulgaris

To much sebum , excess of oil

40

Contact dermatitis

Inflammation of the skin can be caused by anything that irritates skin

41

Eczema

Chronic noncontagious inflammation of skin

42

Cause of eczema

Diet soap, cosmetics, medicine, stress