Flashcards in Manufacturing Deck (22):
What is one off production?
Individual garment made to specific to the costumer
How is a one off product made?
Develop a basic garment pattern and a toile is made to test drape and order of assembly
What is a toile?
A cheap prototype made from newspaper, calico or recycled fabrics
What is an example of one off production?
Haute Couture or a wedding dress
What are the advantages of one off production?
Workers get great satisfaction
Wages are high to reflect skills used
What are the disadvantages of one off production?
What are the features of one off production?
Staff are highly trained
Equipment is adaptable
What is batch production?
Specific numbers of products eg 100 shirts
What are the features of batch production?
Repeatable, flexible, costs less
How is a batch product made?
Prototype made of a medium size from intended fabric- check and put into production
Why are batch products cheaper?
Workers work quicker and the materials arent as expensive as one off materials
What is mass production?
Large quantities of a product
What are the features of mass production?
Simple designs and few changes
Large amounts of clothes are everywhere
How are mass products made?
Production line or sub-assembly
What is a production line?
A certain worker makes a part of the garment and passes it one to the next worker. Workers must be fast so the line runs smoothly
What is Sub-Assembly?
Seperate line of manufacture to feed into the main production line eg bag straps
Runs at the same time as normal manufacture
Specialist machinery and machinists
What are the advantages of In Line Production?
wages are low
Standardization of the product
What are the disadvantages of In Line Production?
Absentism causes problems
Slowed down if one worker doesn't finish
RSI-Repetitive Strain Injury
What are the features of Repetitive Flow Production?
Uses semi-skilled operators
Encouraged to work as a team
Equipment similar to batch production
Inline system: costs less in terms of staff
What are the advantages of Repetitive Flow Production?
What are the disadvantages of Repetitive Flow Production?
Timing is less precise