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Flashcards in Manufacturing Deck (22):
1

What is one off production?

Individual garment made to specific to the costumer

2

How is a one off product made?

Develop a basic garment pattern and a toile is made to test drape and order of assembly

3

What is a toile?

A cheap prototype made from newspaper, calico or recycled fabrics

4

What is an example of one off production?

Haute Couture or a wedding dress

5

What are the advantages of one off production?

Workers get great satisfaction
Wages are high to reflect skills used

6

What are the disadvantages of one off production?

Costly
Time consuming

7

What are the features of one off production?

Staff are highly trained
Equipment is adaptable
Expensive
High quality

8

What is batch production?

Specific numbers of products eg 100 shirts

9

What are the features of batch production?

Repeatable, flexible, costs less

10

How is a batch product made?

Prototype made of a medium size from intended fabric- check and put into production

11

Why are batch products cheaper?

Workers work quicker and the materials arent as expensive as one off materials

12

What is mass production?

Large quantities of a product

13

What are the features of mass production?

Simple designs and few changes
Large amounts of clothes are everywhere

14

How are mass products made?

Production line or sub-assembly

15

What is a production line?

A certain worker makes a part of the garment and passes it one to the next worker. Workers must be fast so the line runs smoothly

16

What is Sub-Assembly?

Seperate line of manufacture to feed into the main production line eg bag straps
Runs at the same time as normal manufacture
Specialist machinery and machinists

17

What are the advantages of In Line Production?

wages are low
minimal training
large volumes
Standardization of the product

18

What are the disadvantages of In Line Production?

Not flexible
Absentism causes problems
Boring
Slowed down if one worker doesn't finish
RSI-Repetitive Strain Injury

19

What are the features of Repetitive Flow Production?

Uses semi-skilled operators
Encouraged to work as a team
Equipment similar to batch production
Inline system: costs less in terms of staff

20

What are the advantages of Repetitive Flow Production?

Flexible
Job satisfaction

21

What are the disadvantages of Repetitive Flow Production?

Timing is less precise
Longer

22

What is Just in Time?

Fabrics or components arrive just before manufacture, stock time reduced which avoids waste and it is cheaper