Flashcards in Marine Corps History, Rank Structure, And Courtesis Fundamentals Deck (46)
-10 November 1775 USMC was createdin Philadelphia, Pennsylvania at Tun Tavern.
-1st Commandant of MC was CAPT SAMUEL NICHOLAS (Two Battalions)
The First Battle of Fallujah
4 April 2004
-Operation Vigilant Resolve
-Unsuccessful attempt to capture city of Fallujah, Iraq.
-(1stBN/5thMR) attacked Industrial Center
-(2ndBN/1stM) pushed South through NW Urban District
(Hospital Apprentice 1st Class)
Medal of Honor - 2 May 1945 - Battle of Okinawa
-Administered Blood Plasma to a wounded Marine Officer with ONE HAND and RETURNED FIRE with OTHER HAND
The battle of Tarawa
20 November 1943
-Objective: Tarawa Atoll and Betio Island
-Japanese Commander "One million Americans, 100 years"
-Marines secured Island in 76 hours
Medal of Honor - Iraq - 14 April 2004
-Led Combined Anti-Armored Team towards an engagement in HUSBAYAH, IRAQ.
-Jumped on grenade and protected his Marines from blast
Two Medals of Honor - Sgt Major
1-Chinese Boxer Rebellion
2-First Caco War-Haiti
-When his unit was pinned down during Battle of Belleau Wood:
GySgt Daly yelled to his men: "come on you son of a bit he's, do you want to live forever?"
-Eagle, Globe, and Anchor was adopted.
-Globe/Anchor (Worldwide Services & Sea Traditions)
-Eagle (Symbol of Nation itself)
USMC organized under DON
When you do not salute?
-While working indoors
-As a prisoner or when guarding prisoners
-under battle conditions
Battle of Hue City
-During Holiday of TET, Communist Forces launched surprised attack to major population in Hue City.
-Marines fought in built-up areas for 1st time since Korean War. Fighting was House to House.
-City was secured on 25 February 1968
-MC reorganized into the Fleet Marine Force.
-MC equipment board established at Quantico, Virginia
Medal of Honor - 8 September 2009 - Gangjal village, Kunar Province, Afghanistan
-Maintained security at patrol rally point and got AMBUSHED
-Took exposed Gunner's position in a Gun-Truck and made several trips to evacuate US/Afghan DEAD AND WOUNDED
20 March - 1 May 2003
-Invasion of Iraq
-Led by US alongside UK, AUSTRALIA, POLAND
Medal of Honor
-Accompanied a point platoon when they engaged a North Vietnamese Outpost
-Received 4 gunshot wounds (through palm of hand, 3rd bullet life-threatening) while administering medical care to wounded Marines from 1600 until SUNSET.
Louis "Chesty" Puller
-Chesty and Force of 32 Marines -
Famous for ability to engage rebel groups and bandits in jungles of Nicaragua and Honduran borders.
"Tiger of the Mountains".
Marine Corps mascot - English Bulldog - named "Chesty" after Louis Puller
-11 September 2001 - Terrorist attacks at WTC in New York
-7 October 2001 - Operation Enduring Freedom begun signaled by combat operations and strikes launched from US & British ships and submarines.
-Conducted Large Scale Ops
-Participated in Pacification Program to win support of locals
-Attempted coup of local government
-Evacuate and protect US citizens.
-Core of multinational force that restored peace
Battle of Iwo Jima
19 February 1945
-Largest and Bloodiest All-Marine battle in history
-23,300 MC casualties
-Increased air support and bombing ops against Japanese Islands
-ADMIRAL CHESTER NIMITZ said "Among the Americans who served on Iwo Island, UNCOMMON VALOR WAS A COMMON VIRTUE"
-June 2007, Japan changed name IWO JIMA to IWO TO
Discuss procedures for rendering honors during colors and national anthem
1. If you are neither in formation or vehicle, face the flag and render the salute until the last note of music is sounded
2. If no flag is near, face the music and salute
3. If you are in formation then only salute at the command "Present Arms"
11 May 1978
MC first Female General Officer
-Deployed to Lebanon to restore Peace and Order
-This action displayed the Marine concept of "FORCE IN READINESS"
The Battle of Marjah (Moshtarak)
February 2010 - Helmand River Valley
Marines with Afghan National Security Forces invaded:
-Strategic AGRICULTURAL HUB - NARCO-TERRORIST SAFE HAVEN
Gregory "Pappy" Boyington
Medal of Honor
-Recognized for AERIAL DOGFIGHTS against Japanese enemy forces.
-MC Top Ranking Flying Ace - 28 victories
The Second Battle of Fallujah
7 November 2004
Operation Al Fajr ("The dawn")
-Major Success for Iraquí Government and Coalition Forces.
-Attack Force included 9 US-BN's(army&marines), 6 Iraq-BN's, Attack Aviation(all services)
Operation Phantom Fury
-Joint US-Iraqui-British Offensive led by USMC against Insurgency Stronghold in Fallujah.
-Marines(RCT's 1&7) were supported by Army Mechanized Infantry and Cavalry Units
1898 Cuzco Well, GTMO
-Earned Medal of Honor
-Semaphored EMERGENCY LIFT of NAVAL BOMBARDMENT while under Spanish-American shellfire.
-Stormed Barbary pirate's stronghold at Burma on the Shores of Tripoli.
-Raised the "Stars and Stripes" for the first time in Eastern Hemisphere
-One of Marines in second RAISING OF THE FLAG on MOUNT SURIBACHI
-Picture taken on 23 February 1945
- Part of multinational Defense Force
-Defended American Legation in Peking, China during Boxer Rebellion
Battle of Okinawa
1 April 1945 - 22 June 1945
-LAST and LARGEST BATTLE of the PACIFIC ( 287,000 Troops)
-Crucial for securing AIR BASES to be used on planned invasion of Japanese mainland
-Japan(77,000 casualties), Allies(65, 000 casualties - 14,000 dead)
-23 Medals of Honor awarded