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Flashcards in Materials Of Decoration Deck (990)
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1

Any material made through weaving, knitting, crocheting, or bonding

Fabric

2

Refers to a finished piece of fabric that can be used for various purposes such as bedcover, pillow sheets, etc.

Cloth

3

Fabrics dating from __________ have been discovered in Egypt

5000 BC

4

Textiles from early __________ have been discovered in Scandinavia and Switzerland.

Bronze Age

5

Cotton has been spun and woven in India since __________ and silk has been woven in China since at least __________.

3000 BC and 1000 BC

6

Basic element of textile; hair like strand that forms the basis of the yarn

Fiber

7

Formed by twisting fibers together to create a continuous strand

Yarn

8

Are short fibers that are randomly arranged and loosely twisted; measured in centimeters or inches

Staple Fibers

9

Long and continuos fibers tightly twisted to produce smooth, strong yarns; measured in meters or yards

Filament fibers

10

A shower-head-like device that produce filament fibers

Spinneret

11

Staple fibers twisted together

Spun Yarns

12

Composed of continuous strands made from either a spinneret generated synthetic fiber or from silk; commonly referred to as BCF

Filament Yarns

13

What does BCF stand for?

Bulk Continuous Filament

14

Textiles are evaluated through:

1. Durability
2. Tenacity
3. Elongation
4. Absorbency
5. Resiliency

15

The __________ of a textile refers to its flexibility and its resistance to friction.

Durability

16

The __________ refers to the textile's tensile strength before ripping.

Tenacity

17

__________ refers to the textile's elasticity without breaking.

Elongation

18

Related to how a textile is hydrophilic, hydrophobic, and hygroscopic.

Absorbency

19

It is the textile's ability to return to its original shape

Resiliency

20

It is also known as fabric or cloth.
It's a flexible artificial material made up of a network of natural or artificial fibers formed by weaving or knitting, or pressed into felt.

Textile

21

Is the only filament natural fiber

Silk

22

What are the 3 products of cotton?

1. Egyptian Cotton
2. Pima Cotton
3. Upland Cotton

23

A kind of cotton that resembles satin when the processed version of the cotton fiber is made into cloth

Shiny Cotton

24

Is a kind of cotton that is processed raw - without any synthetic ingredients

Organic

25

Is a kind of cotton that has no synthetic additives when finished

Green

26

A process wherein the cotton is readied for spinning; refining process

Carded

27

It is the process wherein the cotton is combed to remove dirt resulting in a finer, smoother, and stronger yarn

Combed

28

A process wherein the cotton is made superior so it is less prone to lint and to shedding

Long Staple

29

A product of cotton described as the most luxurious; it has extra long staple cotton produced in Egypt and has an upper thread count of 1000 square inch at most

Egyptian Cotton

30

The second best high quality cotton; from the ** tribe in India; trade name so Supima

Pima Cotton