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Flashcards in History of Art and Interior Design Deck (794)
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1

An aesthetically pleasing and meaningful arrangement of element such as words, sounds, colors, shapes, etc.; a form of human activity

Art

2

The science and profession of designing and constructing buildings other structures

Architecture

3

Any of the arts pertaining to the following: painting, sculpture, glass and glassware, ceramic and pottery, metallurgy, and plants

Decorative Arts

4

Approaches to Historical Style Analysis

1. Practical
2. Historical
3. Aesthetics

5

An approach to historical style analysis that seeks to establish what was built, when, by whom, and for whom

Practical

6

An approach to historical style analysis that seeks the whys and its relationship to the social, economic, political, cultural, and religious environment

Historical

7

An approach to historical style analysis that accounts visual and stylistic differences and to explain how style change and why they do so

Aesthetics

8

Factors of Historical Development

1. Rational, Technological, and Constructional
2. Social and Religious
3. Economic, Cultural, and Political
4. Spirit of the Age (Zeitgeist)

9

From 30,000 to 10,000 BC; before written history; also known as Old Stone Age where Homo Sapiens or Cro-Magnon man used chipped stones; it concerned itself with food or fertility, it attempted to gain control over their management by magic or rituals, it respresented a giant key in human recognition: ABSTRACT THINKING

Paleolithic Age

10

Sub-periods in the Paleolithic Age

1. Mousterian
2. Aurignacian
3. Magdalenian

11

A sub-period in the Paleolithic Age where the use of pigments for bodily ornamentation is a key characteristic

Mousterian

12

A sub-period in the Paleolithic Age where cave painting is a key characteristic

Aurignacian

13

A sub-period in the Paleolithic Age where the art found where engravings of animals on bone and the last of the hunter-gatherers existed

Magdalenian

14

Small figurines or decorative objects in the Paleolithic Age were carved or molded with __________.

Clay

15

Figurines in the Paleolithic Age were collectively known as __________ as they are unmistakably female of child-bearing build.

Venus

16

During 10,000- 8,000 BC; also known as the Middle Stone Age; most of the glacial ice as well as certain food disappeared; the age where they saw the beginnings of settled communities and farming; the invention of bow and arrow, pottery for storage, and the domestication of animals; their art was highly stylized rather than glorified stick figures and they usually used human objects

Mesolithic Age

17

From 7,000-3,000 BC; also called the New Stone Age; it is when man first developed agriculture and settled in permanent villages; it is when mud brick were first used

Neolithic Age

18

A type of art in the Neolithic Age where they use it for storage and for cooking

Pottery

19

A large stone which had been used to construct a structure or monument either alone or with other stones without using mortar

Megalith

20

A large, single upright standing stone

Menhir

21

A free standing chamber consisting of standing stones covered by a capstone as lid; used for burial and were covered by mounds; literally means table

Dolmen

22

An upright slab forming part of a larger structure

Orthostat

23

Also known as Cromlech in Welsh

Stone Circle

24

A linear arrangement of upright, parallel standing stones

Stone Row

25

A straight standing stone, topped with another forming a "T" shape

Taula

26

Two parallel upright stones with a horizontal stone, called a lintel, placed on top; eg. Stonehenge

Trilithon

27

Also known as Metal Age: it was when copper and twin were widely used; they also used semi precious stones; when there was advancement in pottery

Bronze Age

28

From 4,300-331 BC; known as the cradle of civilization because of its enormous advances and contributions including domestication of animals, trade and coinage, legal government, potter's wheel, wagon wheel, alphabet, architecture, mathematics and astronomy, monotheism and monogamy; their art form had stylized aesthetics (based only on technique and style, not realistic)

Mesopotamian Civilization

29

Mesopotamia is surrounded by the rivers __________ and __________.

Euphrates and Tigris

30

From 6,000-4,000 BC; contributed to the cuneiform and the Ziggurat architecture; known to have invented writing and produce the world's first literature: THE EPIC OF GILGAMESH

Sumerian