Flashcards in Maternal Deck (13):
Are births to teenage women in the US twice as high as that of any other industrial nations?
why focus on child health?
*health of nation can be judged on its youngest members
*infancy: the first year of life
*neonate: first month (28 days) of life
Do male or females have a higher life expectancy?
females have a higher life expectancy than males in all countries
what race has the higher death rates for infants?
what is LBW?
LBW is low birth weight and it is defined as less than 2500 grams (or 5.5 lbs). The average is 3400 grams or about 7 lbs
what is preterm birth?
*born prior to 37 weeks gestation
*normal pregnancy 40 weeks (38-42 weeks)
*approximately 3 "3 month" trimesters
Approx. how many infants are born premature?
2/3 LBW infants are born premature and 1/3 are "small". This is known as intrauterine growth retardation which is not growing properly in the mother's womb
Are preterm births the leading cause of infant death - accounting for over 1/3 of these deaths?
Approx. how many infant deaths take place during the first month (neonatal period)?
2/3. these are most commonly due to preterm and lbw births
what are some health problems associated with neonatal death, infant death and a host of child (and adult)?
ADHD, asthma, diabetes, etc.
what race has the highest percentage of infants born at LBW?
why the persistent black/white gap in infant birthweight?
maternal nutrition (WIC)