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Flashcards in Maternal Deck (13):
1

Are births to teenage women in the US twice as high as that of any other industrial nations?

Yes

2

why focus on child health?

*health of nation can be judged on its youngest members
*infancy: the first year of life
*neonate: first month (28 days) of life

3

Do male or females have a higher life expectancy?

females have a higher life expectancy than males in all countries

4

what race has the higher death rates for infants?

blacks

5

what is LBW?

LBW is low birth weight and it is defined as less than 2500 grams (or 5.5 lbs). The average is 3400 grams or about 7 lbs

6

what is preterm birth?

*born prior to 37 weeks gestation
*normal pregnancy 40 weeks (38-42 weeks)
*approximately 3 "3 month" trimesters

7

Approx. how many infants are born premature?

2/3 LBW infants are born premature and 1/3 are "small". This is known as intrauterine growth retardation which is not growing properly in the mother's womb

8

Are preterm births the leading cause of infant death - accounting for over 1/3 of these deaths?

yes

9

Approx. how many infant deaths take place during the first month (neonatal period)?

2/3. these are most commonly due to preterm and lbw births

10

what are some health problems associated with neonatal death, infant death and a host of child (and adult)?

ADHD, asthma, diabetes, etc.

11

what race has the highest percentage of infants born at LBW?

blacks

12

why the persistent black/white gap in infant birthweight?

maternal age
smoking
alcohol/drug use
maternal nutrition (WIC)
prenatal care
marital status
education

13

describe the weathering hypothesis

the initiation of health deterioration in early adulthood as a physical result of cumulative social and economic disadvantage
in other words, black/white disparity may be explained by greater exposure to adverse life experiences with age (discrimination, poverty, stress, environmental hazards) by black women.