Flashcards in Child Health Deck (13):
what are the two major causes of neonatal mortality?
1) congential anomalies
2) short gestation/LBW
what are all the causes of neonatal mortality?
*congenital anomalies: born with something not right. more common is heart defect or spina bifida
*respiratory distress syndrome
what can we do to prevent congential anomalies?
*folic acid supplementation: could reduce the incidence of neural tube defects by 50-70%
what percent accounted for infant mortality for LBW? How does this percentage change with weight in grams?
*LBW accounted for 15% of 2000 infant mortality
*87% first year mortality for 3500 grams
how can we address prematurity and low birthweight?
-prenatal care: such as adequate nutrition for the mom
-NICU systems: surfactant: lack of this causes collapse of lungs
what are the causes of post-neonatal mortality?
*SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome)
what is SIDS and it's epidemiology?
sudden, unexplained death in the first year. it occurs mainly between 1-9 months and its peak incidence is between 2-3 months
what are the causes of death during early childhood (1-4yrs)?
*unintentional injury (motor vehicle)
*malignant neoplasms (tumor of cancerous cells)
what are the causes of death during early school age (5-14yrs)?
*unintentional injury (motor vehicle, drowning)
what are the causes of death teenage years (15-19yrs)?
*diseases of the heart
what are the E's of prevention?
what is the most vulnerable time for mortality?
infancy (<1 yr)
early child hood