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Flashcards in Child Health Deck (13):
1

what are the two major causes of neonatal mortality?

1) congential anomalies
2) short gestation/LBW

2

what are all the causes of neonatal mortality?

*congenital anomalies: born with something not right. more common is heart defect or spina bifida
*short/gestation/LBW
*maternal complications
*respiratory distress syndrome

3

what can we do to prevent congential anomalies?

*prenatal screening
*immunizations
*folic acid supplementation: could reduce the incidence of neural tube defects by 50-70%

4

what percent accounted for infant mortality for LBW? How does this percentage change with weight in grams?

*LBW accounted for 15% of 2000 infant mortality
*87% first year mortality for 3500 grams

5

how can we address prematurity and low birthweight?

prevention
-pregnancy planning
-prenatal care: such as adequate nutrition for the mom
treatment
-NICU systems: surfactant: lack of this causes collapse of lungs

6

what are the causes of post-neonatal mortality?

*SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome)
*congential anomalies
*injuries
*pneumonia
*homicide

7

what is SIDS and it's epidemiology?

sudden, unexplained death in the first year. it occurs mainly between 1-9 months and its peak incidence is between 2-3 months

8

what are the causes of death during early childhood (1-4yrs)?

*unintentional injury (motor vehicle)
*congenital anomalies
*homicide
*malignant neoplasms (tumor of cancerous cells)
*heart disease

9

what are the causes of death during early school age (5-14yrs)?

*unintentional injury (motor vehicle, drowning)
*malignant neoplasms
*congential anomalies
*homicide
*suicide

10

what are the causes of death teenage years (15-19yrs)?

*unintentional injury
*homicide
*suicide
*malignant neoplasm
*diseases of the heart

11

what are the E's of prevention?

*education
*engineering/environmental modifications
*economic incentives
*enactment/enforcement
*empowerment
*evaluation

12

what is the most vulnerable time for mortality?

infancy (<1 yr)
followed by:
teens
early child hood
school age/teens

13

what are the major causes of hospitalizations for the different age groups?

1-4yrs, 5-9yrs: diseases of the respiratory system
15-19yrs, 20-21 yrs: pregnancy and child birth for most age groups
*10-14yrs: mental disorders