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History GSHS Post War America > McCarthyism > Flashcards

Flashcards in McCarthyism Deck (10):
1

What did American society develop a fear of after WW1?

Communism (Red Scare- communism spreading from Russia)

2

Why did fears about communism increase after the end of WW2?

USSR (Russia) gained control of parts of Eastern Europe at the end of the war and made them stronger.

3

What happened in 1949 to increase the panic about communism spreading across the world?

China became communist

4

Who set up the House Committee of Un-American Activities and what did it do?

Congress set it up.
It investigated Communist involvement in government, education and the film industry.

5

What happened to many investigated by the House Committee of Un-American Activities?

- had to prove loyalty to America
- many were sacked as 'security risks'
- they were encouraged to name anyone else considered to be un- American (like a modern day witch hunt for anyone with potential in-American or communist sympathies)

6

Why were there further concerns about communism in 1950?

Start of Korean War to fight communism in North Korea.

7

Who started a campaign against possible communists using half-truths, lies and rumours?

Senator Joe McCarthy.

8

Where did McCarthy claim Communist sympathisers were working?

US Government (later US Army- many felt this went too far)
People were put on trial with very little evidence and anti- Communist headlines encouraged in newspapers).

9

What did the televised hearings about the McCarthy trials reveal?

- McCarthy shown to be a bully
- USA's reputation across the world was damaged
- people investigated lives had been damaged
- time wasted when other problems America could have been concentrating on

10

Who was a staunch supporter of McCarthy and what was his role/job?

J. Edgar Hoover (Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation - FBI)
FBI held files on over 1 million suspects during the McCarthy period (late 1940s- early 1950s).