Med Administration 1 Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Med Administration 1 Terms Deck (41)
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1

adverse reaction

any noxious, unintended, and undesired result of taking a drug in appropriate doses; also called an
adverse effect;
often used synonymously with side eect,
but side effects
also include results that,
although not the intended therapeutic effects,
are harmless and possibly helpful

2

allergic reaction

an immune response to a drug, ranging in intensity from mild itching to severe rash to anaphylaxis

3

anaphylaxis

an immediate and life-threatening allergic response characterized by bronchospasm, laryngeal edema, and
a rapid drop in blood pressure

4

buccal

pertaining to or directed toward the bucca (cheek), the eshy
portion of the side of the face that makes up
the lateral wall of the oral cavity

5

compatible

capable of harmonious coexistence; used to refer to two or more medications that can be given
simultaneously without changing the effects
of each other or causing any new responses not seen with any of the drugs administered alone

6

contraindication

a pre-existing condition that makes it unsafe or otherwise inappropriate to administer a particular drug

7

dosage

the determination and regulation of the size, frequency, and number of doses of a medication to be given
to or taken by an individual patient; often used synonymously with dose, but dose refers to the amount to be given at one time, not the overall dosing regimen

8

dose

a measured quantity to be administered at one time, such as a specied
amount of medication; often used
synonymously with dosage, but dosage refers to the overall dosing regimen, not necessarily a single dose

9

drug

any chemical or other non-drug substance that can affect living processes

10

duration of action

how long a drug actively produces a therapeutic effect

11

enteral

within or by way of the intestines

12

generic

referring to a noncommercial name assigned to a drug, usually less complex than the drug's chemical
name and more complex than a brand or trade; also known as a nonproprietary name

13

idiosyncratic reaction

an uncommon, unexpected, or individual drug response thought to result from a genetic predisposition

14

indication

a reason for administering a particular medication

15

instillation

administration of a liquid drop by drop

16

intradermal

within or into the dermis (skin)

17

intramuscular

within or into a muscle

18

intravenous

within or into a vein

19

medication

term used for drug when it is given to or taken by a particular individual for therapeutic purposes

20

medication administration record

a document that is completed as per agency policy to verify that a patient's medications were administered
as prescribed

21

narcotic

an umbrella term that has been used to refer to opioids, controlled substances, illicit drugs, central
nervous system depressants, strong analgesics, and drugs capable of causing physical dependence; opioid
is the preferred term for the family of potent pharmacologic analgesics commonly referred to as narcotics

22

nebulizer

a device for creating and delivering an aerosol spray

23

NPO

nothing by mouth, derived from the Latin words nil per os

24

onset of action

the point in time after administration when a drug begins to exert its therapeutic effect

25

ophthalmic

pertaining to the eye

26

over-the-counter

referring to drugs sold without a prescription

27

paradoxical reaction

causing an effect
opposite of the intended effect

28

parenteral

via a route other than the gastrointestinal tract, such as subcutaneous, intramuscular, intrathecal, or
intravenous

29

peak action

the point in time after administration when a drug exerts its maximal therapeutic effect

30

plateau

a steady level of a drug achieved after repeated doses; a state in which the amount of drug eliminated
between doses equals the amount administered with each dose