Med Term Ch 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Med Term Ch 2 Deck (32):
1

Adenectomy

Surgical excision (removal) of a gland

2

Adenitis

Inflammation of a gland

3

Adenoma

A benign tumor, of glandular origin which can secrete hormones/cause changes in hormone production

4

Arthroplasty

Surgery to relieve pain/restore range of motion by realigning or reconstructing a joint

5

Arthrotomy

Incision into a joint (synosteotomy)

6

Carcinoma

Malignant new growth made up of epithelial cells tending to metastases

7

Cephalalgia

Pain in the head (headache)

8

Cephalic

Pertaining to the head, or to the head end of the body

9

Chondritis

Inflammation of a cartilage

10

Colostomy

Surgical construction of an artificial excretory opening from the colon; opening created by such a surgical procedure

11

Dentalgia

Pain in a tooth due to the condition of the pulp or periodontal ligament resulting from caries, infection, or trauma; toothache

12

Encephalitis

Inflammation of the brain

13

Encephalocele

A congenital gap in the skull that usually results in a protrusion of brain material

14

Encephaloma

Tumor or swelling of the brain (cerebroma)

15

Oncology

The study of tumors

16

Osteitis

Inflammation of bone

17

Osteomalacia

Inadequate or delayed mineralization in mature cortical (cortex) and spongy bone; the adult equivalent of rickets and accompanies that disorder in children

18

pathologist

Physician specializing in the study of disease; usually autopsy clinical or surgical pathology

19

Endosteoma

Benign tumor of bone tissue in the medullary cavity of a bone

20

Exogenous

Originating or produced outside of an organism, tissue, or cell; having a cause (of disease) external to the body

21

Histology

Study of tissues

22

Hyperemesis

Excessive vomiting

23

Hypertrophy

Enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part due to increase in size of its constituent cells

24

Hypodermic

Under the skin/dermis

25

Intercostal

Between the ribs

26

Laryngitis

Inflammation of the larynx/voicebox

27

Lipoid

Resembling fat

28

Lipoma

A benign tumor composed chiefly of fat cells

29

Morphology

The branch of biology that deals with the form and structure of organisms without consideration of function; the form and structure of an organism or one of its parts

30

Mucoid

Of, containing, or resembling mucus

31

Thyroidectomy

Surgical removal of the thyroid gland

32

Tracheotomy

Incision of the trachea through the skin and muscles of the neck usu to give and airway or removal of a foreign body, also for obtaining a biopsy specimen or removing a local lesion; usu temporary