Med Term Ch 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Med Term Ch 7 Deck (50):
1

Acute

Referring to a disease of sudden onset and brief course,severe, not chronic

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Anorexia

Diminished appetite; aversion to food

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Antipyretic

reducing fever or an agent that does so

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Asymptomatic

Without symptoms, or producing no symptoms

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Atrophy

A wasting away of tissues, organs, or the entire body from either death or reabsorption of cells

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Bradypnea

Abnormal slowness of respiration, specifically a low respiratory frequency

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Central

Center of the body

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Cheyne-Stokes respiration

The pattern of breathing with gradual increase in depth and sometimes in rate to a maximum, followed by a decrease

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Chlorocyte

Green plant cell

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Chronic

Used to describe persistent disease or illness

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Cyanoderma

Blue skin

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Diagnosis

The determination of the nature of a disease, injury, or congenital defects; a deciding

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Dyspnea

shortness of breath, a subjective difficulty or distress in breathing, usually associated with disease of the heart or things; bad breathing

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Edema

An accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities

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Emesis

vomiting

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Erythremia

Abnormal increase in RBC's

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Generalized

involving the whole of an organ as opposed to a focal or regional process

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Hematemesis

vomiting blood

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Hyperpnea

Breathing that is deeper and more rapid than is normal at rest

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Hyperpyrexia

Extremely highfever

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Hypothermia

A core body temperature significantly lower than 98.6 F

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Leukocyte

White blood cell

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Localized

Restricted or limited to a definite part

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Malaise

A feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness; an "out of sorts" feeling, often the first indication of an infection or other disease

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Melanocarcinoma

Black mole cancer

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Morbidity

A diseased state

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Mortality

The state of being mortal

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Nausea

A feeling of being sick at the stomach; an inclination to vomit

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Palliative

Reducing the severity of the symptoms without curing the underlying disease

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Paroxysmal

Relating to or occurring in paroxysms (a sudden recurrence/intensification of symptoms; a
spasm or seizure

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Peripheral

Relating to or situated at the periphery, opposite of central

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Pneometer

Instrument used to measure breathing; spirometer

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Polyarthritis

Simultaneous inflammation of several joints

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Prodromal

Relating to a prodrome (An early symptom indicating the onset of an attack or disease)

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Prognosis

A forecast of the probable course or outcome of a disease

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Prophylactic

An agent used in preventing disease

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Pulse

Palpable rhythmic expansion of an artery, produced by increased volume of blood pushed or forced into the vessel

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Pyretolysis

Reduction of fever

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Pyrexia

Fever

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Respiration

Breathing

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Symptom

Any change in structure, junction, or sensation

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Symptomatic

Indicative, relating to or conisting of "all" the symptoms of a disease

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Syndrome

Combination of signs and symptoms associated with a particular morbid process

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Systemic

Relating to a system

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Tachypnea

Rapid breathing

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Temperature

The sensible intensity of heat of any substance

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Tinnitus

A sensation of noises (ringing in the ear)

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Vertigo

A sensation of spinning or whirling motion

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Vital signs

Objective measurements of temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure, as a means of assessing general health and cardio-respiratory function

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Xanthopsia

A condition in which objects appear yellow