Med Term Ch 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Med Term Ch 9 Deck (50):
1

Amenorrhea

Absence of the menses; with out menstruation

2

Amniocentesis

Puncture of the amnion, removal of fluids usually for testing

3

Amnion

Amniotic sac that envelops the fetus

4

Amniotic Fluid

Pertaining to the fluid sac that envelops the fetus

5

Climacteric

the syndrome of endocrine, somatic, and psychic changes occurring at menopause in women

6

Conception

Act of conceiving or becoming pregnant

7

Dysmenorrhea

Difficult and painful menstruation

8

Embryo

Developing organism from conception to eight weeks

9

Endometrium

Mucous membrane forming the inner layer of the uterine wall

10

Episiotomy

Surgical incision of the vulva (external genetalia) to prevent laceration (jagged wound, tearing) at the time of delivery

11

Fetus

Unborn baby in uterus from eight weeks until birth

12

Gestation

Pregnancy

13

Gynecomastia

Excessive development of the male mammary gland (breast in male)

14

Gynoplasty

Reparative or plastic surgery of the female genital organs

15

Hysterocele

An abdominal or perineal (area between vulva and anus) hernia containing part or all of the uterus; protrusion of uterine contents into a weakened, bulging area of the uterine wall.

16

Hysteromyoma

A myoma (benign tumor of muscle tissue) of the uterus

17

Hysterorrhexis

Rupture of the uterus

18

Involution

A decrease in size of an organ, as of the uterus following childbirth

19

Labor

The physical efforts of expulsion of the fetus and the placenta from the uterus during parturition (process of labor and delivery);
to undergo the efforts of childbirth

20

Mammalgia

Pain in the breast/mammary gland; mastodynia

21

Mammopexy

Surgical fixation of a breast to its normal position

22

Mammary

Pertaining to the breast or mammary gland

23

Mastodynia

Pain in the breast/mammary gland

24

Mastoncus

A tumor or swelling of the breast/mammary gland

25

Mastopathy

Any disease of the mammary gland

26

Mastoptosis

Pendulous condition of the breasts; sagging breasts/mammary glands

27

Menometrorrhagia

Excessive and prolonged uterine bleeding occurring at irregular, frequent intervals

28

Menopause

Cessation of menstruation

29

Menorrhalgia

Painful menstruation/dysmenorrhea

30

Menses

Periodic physiologic hemorrhage that occurs at four week intervals

31

Menstruation

A cyclic shedding of the endometrial lining

32

Metratrophy

Wasting away of the uterus

33

Metrorrhagia

Uterine hemorrhage

34

Multipara

A woman who has given birth at least twice

35

Myometritis

Inflammation of the muscular wall of the uterus

36

Neonatal

Pertaining to the recent period around childbirth

37

Nullipara

A woman who has never given birth to a viable child

38

Oligohydramnios

Scanty amniotic fluid

39

Ovum

Female egg cell

40

Parturition

The process of labor and delivery

41

Perineum

Area between vulva and anus

42

Peritoneum

Serous membrane coating the viscera (guts) and lining the abdominal cavity

43

Placenta

The membranous vascular organ that permits metabolic interchange between fetus and mother

44

Polyhydramnios

Excessive amount of amniotic fluid

45

Postpartum

The period after birth

46

Primigravida

A woman in her first pregnancy

47

Pudenda

External female genitalia; vulva

48

Puerperium

The state of a woman during childbirth or immediately thereafter; approximate six-week period lasting from childbirth to the return of normal uterine size

49

Puerperal Sepsis

An infection acquired during childbirth or the six week period after birth when the uterus returns to normal size (sepsis-the presence in the blood or other tissues of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins0

50

Spermatazoan

The mature male gamete or sex cell