Medical and Surgical Asepsis - ATI Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical and Surgical Asepsis - ATI Chapter 10 Deck (52)
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1

____ is the absence of illness-producing micro-organisms.

Asepsis

2

_____ is the primary behavior of asepsis.

hand hygiene

3

_____ refers to the use of precise practices to reduce the number, growth, and speed of micro-organisms ("clean technique").

Medical asepsis

4

Medical asepsis applies to administering oral meds, managing ng tubes, ______, and performing many other common nursing tasks.

providing personal hygiene

5

______ refers to the use of precise practices to eliminate all micro-organisms from an object or area and prevent contamination ("sterile technique")

Surgical asepsis

6

Surgical asepsis applies to parenteral medication administration, ______ surgical procedures, sterile dressing changes, and many other common nursing procedures.

insertion of urinary catheters

7

Before beginning any task or procedure that requires aseptic technique, health care team members must check for _____.

latex allergies

8

If the client or any member of the team has a latex allergy, the team must use latex-free gloves, _____, and supplies.

equipment

9

____ with an antimicrobial or plan soap and water; using alcohol-based products such as gels, foams, and rinses; or performing a surgical scrub are all considered hand hygiene.

handwashing

10

The three essential components of handwashing are soap, running water, and ___.

friction

11

All health care personnel must perform hand hygiene, either with an alcohol-based product or with soap and water, _____ every client contact and after removing gloves.

before and after

12

All health care personnel must perform hand hygiene, when hands are visibly soiled, after contact with body fluids, before eating, and after using the _____, wash them with a nonantimicrobial or antimicrobial soap and water.

restroom

13

It is also important for clients and _____ to practice hand hygiene.

visitors

14

Perform hand hygiene using recommended _____ when caring for clients who are immunocompromised or have infections with multidrug-resistant or extremely virulent micro-organisms.

antiseptic

15

Perform hand hygiene after contact with anything in clients' rooms and after touching any contaminated items, whether or not ____ were worn, and before putting gloves on and after taking them off.

gloves

16

Performing hand hygiene might be necessary between tasks and procedures on the same client to prevent _______ of different body sites.

cross-contamination

17

Wash hands with soap and warm water. Rub hands together vigorously, and rinse under running water. Wash for at least _____ to remove transient flora and up to ___ when hands are more soiled. If the sink does not have foot or knee pedals for turning off the water, use a clean, dry paper towel to turn off the faucet.

15 seconds
2 minutes

18

For hand hygiene with an alcohol-based product, dispense the manufacturer's recommended amount (usually 3 to 5 mL) in the palm of the hand. Rub the hands together vigorously, remembering to cover all surfaces of both hands and fingers. Continue to rub until both hands are _____.

completely dry

19

Emphasize the importance of covering the mouth and nose when _____ or _____, using and disposing of facial tissues, and performing hand hygiene to prevent spraying and spreading droplet infections.

coughing and sneezing

20

Encourage clients and visitors to practice ______ hygiene/cough etiquette.

respiratory

21

Ensure spatial separation of ___ from those with a cough, or have them wear a mask.

3 ft

22

Wash ____ frequently and keep it short or pulled back to prevent contamination of the care area or the clients.

hair

23

Keep natural nails short and _____ and free of nail gels and acrylic nails. The area around and under the nails can harbor micro-organisms.

clean

24

Remove _____ from hands and wrists to facilitate hand disinfection.

jewelry

25

Use masks, gloves, gowns, and protective eyewear to help control the contact and ____ of micro-organisms to staff and clients.

spread

26

Other practices that reduce the growth and spread of micr-organisms are changing linens daily, cleaning floors and _____ stands, and separating clean from contaminated materials.

bedside

27

Do not place items on the ____ (even soiled laundry) The floor is grossly contaminated.

floor

28

Do not ____ linens because doing so can spread micro-organisms in the air. Keep soiled items from touching clothing.

shake

29

Clean the least soiled areas first to prevent moving more ______ into the cleaner areas.

contaminants

30

Use __________ for moist, soiled items, following facility protocol for bag selection, to prevent further contamination of items or of individuals handling the soiled items.

plastic bags