Flashcards in Medical and Surgical Asepsis - ATI Chapter 10 Deck (52)
____ is the absence of illness-producing micro-organisms.
_____ is the primary behavior of asepsis.
_____ refers to the use of precise practices to reduce the number, growth, and speed of micro-organisms ("clean technique").
Medical asepsis applies to administering oral meds, managing ng tubes, ______, and performing many other common nursing tasks.
providing personal hygiene
______ refers to the use of precise practices to eliminate all micro-organisms from an object or area and prevent contamination ("sterile technique")
Surgical asepsis applies to parenteral medication administration, ______ surgical procedures, sterile dressing changes, and many other common nursing procedures.
insertion of urinary catheters
Before beginning any task or procedure that requires aseptic technique, health care team members must check for _____.
If the client or any member of the team has a latex allergy, the team must use latex-free gloves, _____, and supplies.
____ with an antimicrobial or plan soap and water; using alcohol-based products such as gels, foams, and rinses; or performing a surgical scrub are all considered hand hygiene.
The three essential components of handwashing are soap, running water, and ___.
All health care personnel must perform hand hygiene, either with an alcohol-based product or with soap and water, _____ every client contact and after removing gloves.
before and after
All health care personnel must perform hand hygiene, when hands are visibly soiled, after contact with body fluids, before eating, and after using the _____, wash them with a nonantimicrobial or antimicrobial soap and water.
It is also important for clients and _____ to practice hand hygiene.
Perform hand hygiene using recommended _____ when caring for clients who are immunocompromised or have infections with multidrug-resistant or extremely virulent micro-organisms.
Perform hand hygiene after contact with anything in clients' rooms and after touching any contaminated items, whether or not ____ were worn, and before putting gloves on and after taking them off.
Performing hand hygiene might be necessary between tasks and procedures on the same client to prevent _______ of different body sites.
Wash hands with soap and warm water. Rub hands together vigorously, and rinse under running water. Wash for at least _____ to remove transient flora and up to ___ when hands are more soiled. If the sink does not have foot or knee pedals for turning off the water, use a clean, dry paper towel to turn off the faucet.
For hand hygiene with an alcohol-based product, dispense the manufacturer's recommended amount (usually 3 to 5 mL) in the palm of the hand. Rub the hands together vigorously, remembering to cover all surfaces of both hands and fingers. Continue to rub until both hands are _____.
Emphasize the importance of covering the mouth and nose when _____ or _____, using and disposing of facial tissues, and performing hand hygiene to prevent spraying and spreading droplet infections.
coughing and sneezing
Encourage clients and visitors to practice ______ hygiene/cough etiquette.
Ensure spatial separation of ___ from those with a cough, or have them wear a mask.
Wash ____ frequently and keep it short or pulled back to prevent contamination of the care area or the clients.
Keep natural nails short and _____ and free of nail gels and acrylic nails. The area around and under the nails can harbor micro-organisms.
Remove _____ from hands and wrists to facilitate hand disinfection.
Use masks, gloves, gowns, and protective eyewear to help control the contact and ____ of micro-organisms to staff and clients.
Other practices that reduce the growth and spread of micr-organisms are changing linens daily, cleaning floors and _____ stands, and separating clean from contaminated materials.
Do not place items on the ____ (even soiled laundry) The floor is grossly contaminated.
Do not ____ linens because doing so can spread micro-organisms in the air. Keep soiled items from touching clothing.
Clean the least soiled areas first to prevent moving more ______ into the cleaner areas.