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Flashcards in Medication Safety Deck (50)
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1

Which of the following is an error-prone abbreviation according to the ISMP?
A. TPN
B. QD
C. NOP
D. MG

B. QD

2

Which of the following terms refers to any harm or injury caused by the use of a medication?
A. Medication allergy
B. Side effect
C. Adverse drug event
D. Precaution

C. Adverse drug event

3

Root cause analysis is a method used to____
A. Prevent future errors
B. Prevent adverse drug reactions
C. Assess the appropriation of drug therapy
D. Monitor drug therapy

A. Prevent future errors

4

ALL BUT WHICH of the following are used to decrease medication errors?
A. Medication economic analysis
B. Druge utilization review (DUR)
C. Medication therapy management
D. Medication reconciliation

A. Medication economic analysis

5

An organization accredited by TJC must undergo an on-site survery at least every______ years
A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5

B. 3

6

Which of the following is an example of a MEDICATION ERROR that can occur during the DISPENSING process?
A. Selecting the wrong drug formulation
B. Using inappropriate abbreviations
C. Inadequately monitoring therapy
D. Misinterpreting a medication order

A. Selecting the wrong drug formulation

7

An error that occurs when something is DONE INCORRECTLY is classified as which of the following?
A. Systematic Error
B. Error of Commission
C. Observational Error
D. Error of Omission

B. Error of Commission

8

The Medicaid Drug Utilization Review (DUR) Program was created by which of the following laws?
A. FDA Act of 1938
B. Medicare Prescription Drug Improvement and Modernization of 2003
C. OSHA of 1970
D. Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990

D. Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990

9

Which of the following items are included on TJC “Do Not Use” list?
A. U
B. NTG
C. IV
D. BID

A. U

10

Which of the following organizations oversees the Medication Error Reporting Program (MERP)?
A. FDA
B. DEA
C. ISMP
D. TJC

C. ISMP

11

Medication Guides (MedGuides) are required for which of the following medications?
A. All Rx medications
B. All controlled substances medications
C. Medications that present a serious and significant public health concern
D. All of the above

C. Medications that present a serious and significant public health concern

12

Which of the following processes involves reviewing a patient’s complete medication list to avoid inadvertent inconsistencies across transsitions of care?
A. Failure mode and effects analysis
B. Root cause analysis
C. Medications reconciliation
D. DUR

C. Medication reconciliation

13

Which of the following uses a combination of upper and lowecase letters to help distinguish the difference between look-alike and sound-alike medications?
A. Bar coding
B. Tall man lettering
C. Highlighted lettering
D. Abbreviations list

B. Tall man lettering

14

A pharmacy technician is premitted to answer ALL BUT WHICH of the following questions regarding a Rx?
A. Name of medications
B. Route of administrations
C. Dosage form
D. Side effects of medications

D. Side effects of medication

15

Which of the following is a guideline that identifies potentially harmful and inappropriate medications to use in older adults?
A. The Beers List
B. Medication-Use Evaluation
C. Clinical Drug Research
D. Managing Drug Therapy

A. The Beers List

16

MISTYPING a medication order is an example of an error that can occur during which of the following steps of the medication-use process?
A. Dispensing
B. Transcribing
C. Prescribing
D. Monitoring

B. Transcribing

17

Which of the following error-reporting programs is an Internet-accessible method that allows hospitals to anonymously report and track errors within their organizations?
A. MedMarx
B. ISMP
C. MedWatch
D. MERP

A. MedMarx

18

ALL BUT WHICH of the following are true regarding a root cause analysis?
A. It corrects processess proactively
B. It’s a continuous quality improvement tool
C. Findings can be used to prevent future errors
D. It’s retrospective

A. It corrects processess proactively

19

Which of the following regulations encourages the voluntary and confidential reporting of adverse events to improve patient safety?
A. Patient Protection Act
B. Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005
C. OSHA of 1970
D. FDA of 1938

B. Patient Saftey and Quality Improvment Act of 2005

20

Which of the following medications is associated with a HIGH INCIDENCE of medication errors?
A. Albuterol
B. Cyanocobalamin
C. Insulin
D. Dexamethasone

C. Insulin

21

Medication Therapy Management (MTM) is mandated by which of the following?
A. Medicare Part C
B. Medicare Part D
C. TJC
D. DEA

B. Medicate Part D

22

Polypharmacy is best described by which of the following?
A. Refers to a patient that has a profile with multiple pharmacies
B. Refers to the use of multiple medications or more than are medically necessary
C. Refers to a pharmacy that offers multiple services
D. None of the above

B. Refers to the use of multiple medications or more than are medically necessary

23

ALL BUT WHICH of the following are safe practices regarding the use of crash cart medications?
A. Medications should be age specific
B. Medications should be in multi-dose vials
C. Drug expiration dates should be monitored
D. Medications should be unit-dose

B. Medications should be in multi-dose vials

24

Which of the following strageties can help avoid medication errors?
A. Using trailing zeros for whole numbers
B. Multitasking when processing a Rx
C. Using a leading zero before a decimal point
D. Using abbreviations for drug names

C. Using a leading zero before a decimal point

25

TJC requires that before a medication can be removed from an automated dispensing cabinet for a patient, the order must be revierd by whom (except in emergency situation)?
A. Nurse
B. Physician
C. Pharmacist
D. Pharmacy Technician

C. Pharmacist

26

Which of the following activities requires intervention by a pharmacist?
A. DUR
B. Labelling Rx bottles
C. Managing inventory
D. Inputting Rx data

A. DUR

27

Which of the following databases that contains information about adverse events and medication error reports submitted to the FDA?
A.ISMP
B. FAERS
C. TJC
D. VIPPS

B. FAERS

28

To decrease medication errors, Rx orders and measurements should use which of the following systems?
A. Apothhecary system
B. Avoirdupios system
C. Metric system
D. Imperial system

C. Metric system

29

Which of the following are FDA approved patient handouts that must be dispensed with the original Rx and with each refill for certain medications?
A. Medication Information leaflets
B. Package inserts
C. MedGuides
D. All of the above

C. MedGuides

30

Which of the following is a proactive method that analyzes the design of a system to identify where and how it might fail?
A. Root cause analysis
B. Failure mode and effects analysis
C. Data analysis
D. Statistical analysis

B. Failure mode and effects analysis