Mendelian Inheritance Flashcards Preview

Genetics (David Oh) > Mendelian Inheritance > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mendelian Inheritance Deck (13):
1

what are 2 examples of autosomal dominant diseases

huntington disease and familial forms of breast cancer

2

what are 2 examples of autosomal recessive diseases

cystic fibrosis, gaucher disease, peroxisome biogenesis disorders

3

what was the x linked dominate syndrome covered in lecture?

Rett Syndrome caused by MECP2
Males with severe MECP2 are not born
progressive neurodevelopment disease

4

what is an example of x linked recessive disease?

duchenne and becker muscular dystrophy

5

huntington disease is what type of disease caused by what?

neurodegenerative disorder caused y CAG repeats in the HTT gene

6

name 3 peroxisome disorders

autosomal recessive:
zellweger synder (ZS), neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy (NALD), infantile refsum disease (IRD)

7

what is zellweger disorders caused by

mutations in any of 13 PEX

8

locus heterogeneity

occurs in more than one region

9

brca1 brca2 dominant or recessive?

dominant

10

pleiotropy

when one gene influences multiple phenotypic trait

11

PBDs detail

Peroxisome biogenesis disorders (PBDs) illustrate some key concepts in inheritance. PBDs result when both copies of a given PEX gene responsible for peroxisome assembly have compromised activity. Patients with similar clinical phenotypes can have different PEX genes inactivated (locus heterogeneity). Thus, genetic tests often need to screen multiple PEX genes to identify the single PEX gene that is mutated (both copies) in patients. Most of the time the patients have compound heterozygous mutations (mutations in the same PEX gene, but different inactivating mutations). PBDs show pleiotrophy since multiple clinical phenotypes are observed. There is variable expressivity since some patients are more severely affected by disease than others. This is demonstrated by the subtypes of diseases comprising the Zellweger Spectrum Disorder.
Penetrance and variable expressivity often get confused. Penetrance is an all-or-none phenomenon, i.e. does a person have the disease or not while still carrying the mutation; variable expressivity assumes the person has the symptoms and refers to the variability in the extent to which the person is affected

12

5 factors that determine H-W equilibrium

1. based on random dating 2. based on normal mutation rate 3. no selection 4. large population 5. limited influx of new genetic varation

13

what gene example used to explain founder effect?

PEX 6