Methodology Flashcards Preview

Sociology- Education > Methodology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Methodology Deck (74)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is interpretivism?

The sociological research method that gathers research about the subjective lives of people. Don't use statistics, produce qualitative data (rich quality of research)

2

What is verstehen?

Having an empathetic understanding- getting into the mindset of others

3

What is a rapport?

Building a trusting relationship with the people you are researching

4

What is grounded theory?

Uncovering something you weren't expecting to find because you have researched without a hypothesis

5

What is ethnographic research?

Going into the real world to research- working with real people in their natural environment therefore examining real behaviour

6

What is a variable? Give an example

A varying social trend e.g unemployment

7

What is an independent variable?

The variable that is changed and causes and effects the dependent variable

8

What is the dependent variable?

The changes in the variable are caused by the independent variable

9

Practical issues? (3)

Sampling
Response rates
Processing

10

Ethical issues? (4)

Anonymity
Secondary victimisation
Trauma
Confidence

11

Theoretical issues? (7)

Positivism
Interpretivism
Reliability
Validity
Representativeness
Operationalisation
Objectivity

12

What is covert observation?

Watching and studying people without them knowing

13

What is Participant observation?

Interact with and befriend the people you are researching in order to closely observe without them being aware

14

What is operationalising?

To turn something into something measurable

15

What is a pilot study?

A trial study in order to see if it works

16

What is a sample?

A small number of people whom you carry out your research on

17

What is a sample frame? Give an example

The comets list of people you want to study e.g a school register

18

What is Representative sampling?

From a sample frame and should proportionally reflect the wider society you in question

19

What is opportunity sampling?

No sample frame- you use random volunteers to participate

20

What is random sampling?

A computer randomly selects people from the sample frame which should result in a representative sample

21

What is systematic sampling?

Select every nth person from the sample frame

22

What is stratified sampling?

You take the right proportion of people from the sample frame in order to proportionally represent the makeup of society
E.g: to show the ethnic makeup of society. If there are 860 white, 100 Asian and 40 Caribbean, 86% of your sample would be white, 10% would be Asian and 4% Caribbean.

23

What is quota sampling?

Identify what you need to find then use opportunity sampling (no sample frame)

24

What is snowball sampling?

Identify key individuals who suggest others and so on

25

What is cluster sampling? Give examples

Done geographically e.g by postcode or village

26

What is reliability?

A source is reliable if the results are the same/similar when repeated

27

What is representativeness?

The sample proportionally reflects the cross section of society

28

What is fully informed consent?

The participant is fully aware of the research being undertaken and agrees to take part

29

What is post hoc consent?

Getting consent from participants after the research has been carried out

30

What is deception?

Deceiving your participants in order to achieve valid results