Flashcards in Methodology Deck (74)
What is interpretivism?
The sociological research method that gathers research about the subjective lives of people. Don't use statistics, produce qualitative data (rich quality of research)
What is verstehen?
Having an empathetic understanding- getting into the mindset of others
What is a rapport?
Building a trusting relationship with the people you are researching
What is grounded theory?
Uncovering something you weren't expecting to find because you have researched without a hypothesis
What is ethnographic research?
Going into the real world to research- working with real people in their natural environment therefore examining real behaviour
What is a variable? Give an example
A varying social trend e.g unemployment
What is an independent variable?
The variable that is changed and causes and effects the dependent variable
What is the dependent variable?
The changes in the variable are caused by the independent variable
Practical issues? (3)
Ethical issues? (4)
Theoretical issues? (7)
What is covert observation?
Watching and studying people without them knowing
What is Participant observation?
Interact with and befriend the people you are researching in order to closely observe without them being aware
What is operationalising?
To turn something into something measurable
What is a pilot study?
A trial study in order to see if it works
What is a sample?
A small number of people whom you carry out your research on
What is a sample frame? Give an example
The comets list of people you want to study e.g a school register
What is Representative sampling?
From a sample frame and should proportionally reflect the wider society you in question
What is opportunity sampling?
No sample frame- you use random volunteers to participate
What is random sampling?
A computer randomly selects people from the sample frame which should result in a representative sample
What is systematic sampling?
Select every nth person from the sample frame
What is stratified sampling?
You take the right proportion of people from the sample frame in order to proportionally represent the makeup of society
E.g: to show the ethnic makeup of society. If there are 860 white, 100 Asian and 40 Caribbean, 86% of your sample would be white, 10% would be Asian and 4% Caribbean.
What is quota sampling?
Identify what you need to find then use opportunity sampling (no sample frame)
What is snowball sampling?
Identify key individuals who suggest others and so on
What is cluster sampling? Give examples
Done geographically e.g by postcode or village
What is reliability?
A source is reliable if the results are the same/similar when repeated
What is representativeness?
The sample proportionally reflects the cross section of society
What is fully informed consent?
The participant is fully aware of the research being undertaken and agrees to take part
What is post hoc consent?
Getting consent from participants after the research has been carried out