Micro Summary: Reservoir/Transmission Flashcards Preview

Micro Remediation > Micro Summary: Reservoir/Transmission > Flashcards

Flashcards in Micro Summary: Reservoir/Transmission Deck (82):
1

Histotoxic Clostridia: C. perfringens, C. septicum

GI, soil

2

C. tetani

Soil

3

C. botulism

Soil, home-prepared foods, Alaska

4

Campylobacter jejuni

Animal
Contaminated food (esp poultry) & water

5

Haemophilus influenzae

Humans
Respiratory

6

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Humans
Respiratory

7

Escherichia coli

Humans, GI
Contaminated food/water

8

Salmonella

GI, sewage, feces

9

Shigella

GI, sewage, feces
Fecal-oral

10

Klebsiella

GI, skin

11

Yersinia pestis

Rodents, fleas
Fecal-oral

12

Rickettsia rickettsii

Dermacentor Ticks
Ticks

13

Borrelia burgdorferi

Rodents
Ticks

14

Bacillus anthracis

Livestock
Livestock exposure, injection drugs

15

Francisella tularensis

Rabbits, ticks, flies
Ticks

16

Helicobacter pylori

Humans
Fecal-oral

17

Enterococcus faecium

Skin

18

Staphylococcus aureus

Humans, warm/moist sites
Fomites

19

Staphylococcus epidermidis

Skin

20

Acinetobacter baumanii

ICUs & wounded soldiers in Afghanistan
Hands

21

Neisseria meningitidis

Humans, nasopharynx
Respiratory, Genital, Oral/GI

22

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Human

23

Streptococcus pyogenes

Humans, mucosal surfaces, skin & soft tissue
Aerosols, direct contact

24

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Humans, respiratory tract
Respiratory

25

Listeria monocytogenes

Food (soft cheese), soil, zoonotic
Fecal-oral, mother to fetus

26

Legionella pneumophila

Contaminated water

27

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Through wounds, surgical incisions, burns, etc.

28

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Respiratory

29

Mycobacterium leprae

Africa, Asia, Latin America, humans, armadillos
Respiratory

30

Corynebacterium diphtheria

Humans
Nasopharyngeal, cutaneous

31

Vibrio cholera

Estuary water
Contaminated food/water

32

Bordetella pertussis

Humans

33

Candida albicans

Mouth, skin, GI, vagina

34

Cryptococcus neoformans & gattii

World (N), tropical (G)

35

Sporothrix schenckii

Soil, infected plants
Rose gardeners

36

Penicillum marneffei

SE Asia

37

Histoplasma capsulatum

OH/MS river valleys
Birds, bats, caves

38

Coccidiodes immitis

SW US

39

Blastomyces dermatidis

OH/MS river valleys

40

Entamoeba histolytica

World, rare in US
Cysts

41

Giardia lamblia

World, US
IgA deficiency, cysts, fecal-oral

42

Cryptosporidium

World, US
Cysts, fecal-oral

43

Microsporidium

World, US

44

Trichomonas vaginalis

World, US

45

Plasmodium falciparum

Most deadly, tropical regions, mosquitoes year round, infect RBCs, no dormant liver stage (hyponozoites, no relapse)

46

Plasmodium vivax & ovale

Less severe, more temperate zones, mosquitoes during warmer months, hypnozoites (latent liver form), late relapse, only infects reticulocytes

47

Babesia

Northeastern US
Tick vectors

48

Leishmania

Central & South America, Middle East, & Africa

49

Trypanosoma

Central and South America / Africa
Kissing bugs / Tsetse fly

50

Toxoplasma gondii

Cat feces, uncooked meat, rodents

51

Ascaris lumbricoides

US, impoverished rural areas
Eggs ingested

52

Hookworm (Necator americanus, Ancylostoma duodenale)

Impoverished rural areas
Eggs penetrate skin

53

Pinworm (Enterobius vermicularis)

US
Eggs ingested

54

Strongyloides stercoralis

US, impoverished rural areas
Eggs penetrate skin

55

Whipworm (trichuris trichiura)

US, impoverished rural areas
Eggs ingested

56

Trichinella

Contaminated meat

57

Schistosoma hepatobium, japonicum, & mansoni

Slowly moving fresh water
Cercariae, snail

58

Taenia solium

Latin America, Asia
Pork

59

Taenia saginata

Beef

60

Echinococcus granulosus

Dogs, cysts, oncospheres

61

Poliovirus

Humans
Fecal-oral

62

HIV

Humans
Sex, drugs

63

HAV

Humans
Fecal-oral

64

HBV

Parenteral

65

HCV

Parenteral

66

HDV

Parenteral

67

HEV

Fecal-oral

68

HSV

Humans
STD

69

HPV

Humans
STD

70

VZV

Respiratory

71

West Nile Virus

Birds
Mosquitoes
Africa, Middle East, Eastern Europe, US

72

Norovirus

Humans
Fecal-oral

73

Rotavirus

Humans
Fecal-oral

74

Adenovirus

Humans
Respiratory, GI, water

75

Hantavirus

Rodents
Respiratory

76

Rabies

Animals

77

Smallpox

Humans
Droplet nuclei, direct contact, fomites

78

VHFs

Rodent (arena)
Animals, humans
Africa, Middle East, Eastern Europe, US

79

EBV

Oral secretions, Bloodstream spread

80

Influenza

Respiratory

81

Measles

Respiratory

82

Rubella

Respiratory